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ḤAMUL ELIEZER MAẒLIAḤ B. ABRAHAM DE VITERBO – Roman rabbi and physician in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was of a family of rabbis, physicians, and merchants. In 1570 he appears as "fattore" or representative of a Jewish congregation, but in 1587 he is...
ḤANA (HUNA) B. BIZNA – Babylonian scholar of the third and fourth centuries; judge at Pumbedita, (B. Ḳ. 12a). He especially cultivated the field of Haggadah, in which he became distinguished. R. Sheshet, who once attempted to criticize Ḥana's...
ḤANA B. ḤANILAI – Babylonian scholar and philanthropist of the third century; the junior of Huna I. and Ḥisda (Beẓah 21a, 40a). The Talmud relates of him that he was wont to employ scores of bakers in the preparation of bread for the poor, and...
HANAMEEL THE EGYPTIAN – High priest; flourished in the first century B.C. After assuming the government of Palestine, Herod surrounded himself with creatures of his own; from among these he chose one Hanameel to fill the office of high priest made...
HANAN (ḤANIN, ḤANINAN) – Scholar of the third amoraic generation (third century). He was probably a Babylonian by birth and a late pupil of Rab, in whose name he reports halakot and haggadot (Yoma 41b; Suk. 15b et seq.; Ned. 7b); and is found...
HANAN (ḤANIN), ABBA – Tanna of the second century; younger contemporary of Simon of Shezur, Josiah, and Jonathan (Mek., Mishpaṭim, 8, 12, 20; Nazir 45a). Possibly he sat at the feet of Eliezer b. Hyrcanus, in whose name he transmits many halakic...
HANAN THE EGYPTIAN – 1. (Hanan b. Abishalom.) One of the police judges at Jerusalem in the last decades of its independence (see Admon b. Gaddai). Several of his decisions have been preserved (Ket. xiii. 1 et seq.). 2. Disciple of Akiba, quoted...
HANAN OF ISKIYA (ASIKIA) – Rector of the Talmudical academy at Pumbedita. Hormizd IV. having disgraced the latter years of his reign by cruel persecutions of the Christians and the Jews, the Talmudical academies of Sura and Pumbedita were closed, their...
HANANEEL – Babylonian scholar of the third century; disciple of Rab (Abba Arika) and colleague of Beruna and Isaac b. Maḥseiah (Yer. Ber. vi. 10d; Pes. 103a). He was a great halakist, and so familiar with his master's opinions that once,...
HANANEEL BEN ḤUSHIEL – Rabbi of Kairwan; Biblical and Talmudical commentator; born at Kairwan about 990; died, according to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," 98b), in 1050. It seems that his father, Ḥushiel, was his only master, but as by correspondence he...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries; junior of Ḥiyya b. Abba and Ze'era I. (Yer. Ber. vii. 11b). He was frequently described as the "comrade of the Rabbis" ( ). In the Babylonian Talmud he is never cited with his...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – Palestinian scholar of the fourth amoraic generation (fourth century); nephew of R. Hoshaiah, junior of Ze'era I., and contemporary of Jose II. (Yer. Ta'an. i. 64a, where hisname is erroneously given as "Ḥanaiah"). Once he is...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. 'AḲABIA (AKIBA) – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Judah b. 'Ilai (M. Ḳ. 21a), and probably one of the younger pupils of Gamaliel II. (Ket. viii. 1). His name rarely appears in connection with haggadot; but he was firmly grounded in...
HANANIAH B. 'AḲASHIAH – Tanna whose name became very popular by reason of a single homiletic remark, as follows: "The Holy One—blessed be He!—desired to enlarge Israel's merits; therefore He multiplied for them Torah and commandments, as it is said...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) B. ḤAKINAI – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Ben 'Azzai and Simon the Temanite (Tosef., Ber. iv. 18; see Ḥalafta). Sometimes he is cited without his prænomen (Sifra, Emor, vii. 11; Shab. 147b). Who his early teachers were is not...
HANANIAH B. JUDAH – Tanna of the second century; contemporary of Akiba. His name appears only twice in rabbinic lore: once in connection with a halakic midrash, where he directs his remarks to Akiba (Sifra, Ẓaw, ii. 3), and once with a homiletic...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) OF ONO – Tanna of the second century. Hananiah is remembered for a feat he accomplished in the interest of traditional law. While Akiba was in prison, awaiting his doom at the court of Tyrannus Rufus, an important marital question was...
HAVRE – French seaport, on the estuary of the Seine. It has a population of 118,478, of whom about 50 are Jews (1903). In 1850 a dozen Jewish families united for the celebration of Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur, in an apartment at No....
ḤAYYIM OF FALAISE (ḤAYYIM PALTIEL?) – French Biblical commentator of the thirteenth century; grandson of the tosafist Samuel of Falaise (Sir Morel). An anonymous commentator on the Pentateuch (Munich MS. No. 62) frequently quotes another commentary ( ) on the...
ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON OF MOGHILEF – Rabbi and cabalist; died at Jerusalem in 1813. He was one of the Ḥasidic followers of Israel Ba'al Shem, and after he had been rabbi at five different towns, among them Moghilef and Czernowitz, he settled in Jerusalem.Ḥayyim was...
ḤAZAḲAH – The term has various meanings in the Talmud; the one most cognate to the original meaning of the Hebrew root is that of "taking possession," which act constituted acquisition with regard to both movable and immovable property...
HEART – Biblical Data: The seat of the emotional and intellectual life. "Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life" (Prov. iv. 23), refers to the moral and spiritual as well as the physical life. Animals...
ḤELBO – Amora who flourished about the end of the third century, and who is frequently mentioned in both Talmuds. It seems that Ḥelbo was at first in Babylon, where he studied under Huna, the head of the Academy of Sura, and that, like...
HERESY AND HERETICS – The Greek term άίρεσις originally denoted "division," "sect," "religious" or "philosophical party," and is applied by Josephus ("B. J." ii. 8, § 1, and elsewhere) to the three Jewish sects—Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essenes...
HEWERS OF WOOD – Menial servants. The Gibeonites who attempted to deceive Joshua were condemned by the princes of Israel to be hewers of wood and drawers of water to the congregation (Josh. ix. 21, 23). In Deut. xxix. 11 the hewers of wood are...