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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isidore Singer, Ph.D.

MANAGING EDITOR, New York City.

Contributions:
BALLIN, SAMUEL JACOB – Danish physician; born at Copenhagen, Oct. 21, 1802; died there March 24, 1866. He was the son of a merchant, Jacob Levin Ballin, and his wife, Susanne Melchior.His parents died early, and he was brought up by his uncle L. S....
BALLY, DAVICION – Rumanian patriot; born at Bucharest Jan. 29, 1809; died at Jerusalem May 2, 1844. His great-grandfather, Chelebi Mentesh Bally, banker to the grand vizier of Constantinople, aided Nicolas Mavrocordato to ascend the throne of...
BAMBERG, FELIX – German publicist; born at Unruhstadt, Germany, May 17, 1820; died in Saint-Gratien, near Paris, Feb. 12, 1893. He studied philosophy and history in Berlin and Paris; became consul at Paris for Prussia and Brunswick in 1851, and...
BAMBERGER, BÉLA – Hungarian lawyer and writer on political economy; born at Szegedin, Hungary, in 1854; studied law at Vienna and Budapest. He is an authority on the currency question. His works, "Die Vorgeschichte und Finanziellen Folgen der...
BAMBERGER, ÉDOUARD ADRIEN – French deputy and physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 25, 1825. After obtaining the degree of B. A. in 1843 he devoted himself to medicine, in which he obtained a doctor's degree in 1847. Although active in the medical...
BAMBERGER, ISAAC – German rabbi; born at Angenrod, in the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, Nov. 5, 1834; died at Königsberg Oct. 26, 1896. He received elementary instruction in Hebrew from his father, Mayer Bamberger, who was for fifty years a...
BAMBERGER, LUDWIG – German deputy and political economist; born in Mayence July 22, 1823; died in Berlin March 14, 1899. He studied law in 1842-45 at the universities of Giessen, Heidelberg, and Göttingen; and during the following two years he was...
BAMBERGER, SOLOMON – German rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, May 1, 1835. He is the son of the eminent rabbi Seligman Baer Bamberger, from whom he received his first instruction in Talmud. After having privately acquired the...
BAND, MORITZ – Austrian writer and art critic; born Oct. 6, 1864. At an early age he began to write for the press, chiefly feuilletons, humorous sketches, and sporting news. He published: "Encyklopädie des Buchhändlerischer Wissens," Weimar,...
BANDMANN, DANIEL E. – German-American actor; born at Cassel, Germany, in 1840. He made his début at the Court Theater, Neu Strelitz, when eighteen years old, playing for the next five years mainly in German versions of Shakespearian plays. In 1863 he...
BANETH, EDUARD (EZEKIEL) – German rabbi and scholar; born at Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary, Aug. 9, 1855; son of Bernhard Baneth. After receiving his preparatory education in his native city, at the Israelitische Normalschule, and studying the Talmud...
BANETH, EZEKIEL – Hungarian rabbi; born 1773 at Alt-Ofen; died Dec. 28, 1854. He was the son of the learned rabbi Jacob Banêt, an eminent member of the rabbinate of Alt-Ofen, and early distinguished himself by his penetrating knowledge of...
BANETH, JERAHMEEL DOB (BERNHARD) – Hungarian rabbi; born 1815 at Széchény; died Oct. 21, 1871. The youngest son of Ezekiel Baneth, he was one of the most gifted pupils of his father, from whom he inherited, together with a love for Talmudic studies, his amiable...
BÁNÓCZI, JOSEPH – Hungarian scholar; born at Szt. Gál, county of Veszprém, Hungary, July 4, 1849. He was educated at the schools of his native town, and afterward at the universities of Budapest, Vienna, Berlin, Göttingen, and Leipsic, and then...
BARACH, ROSA – Austrian authoress and educator; born at Neu-Rausnitz, Moravia, May 15, 1841. Educated at her native place and at Vienna, she settled in the latter city, where she founded a high school for girls. In 1882 she made a professional...
BARAFFAEL (BARUFFALL), ISAAC – Italian officer and communal worker; lived in Rome at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. On the occupation of Rome by the French, Baraffael was appointed major of the national forces on March...
BARASCH, JULIUS – Rumanian author and physician; born at Brody, Galicia, 1815; died at Bucharest, Rumania, March 31, 1863. His early education included Talmudic disciplines; but having been married against his own desire at the age of sixteen,...
BARBER, IDA – German authoress; born at Berlin July 9, 1842. She began her literary career when quite young, and published the following novels either in book form or as serials in magazines: (1) "Gebrochene Herzen"; (2) "Russische...
BARDACH, ELIJAH – Merchant and Hebrew scholar; born at Lemberg 1794; died at Vienna April 11, 1864. He devoted his leisure time to the study of Hebrew literature, and is the author of "'Aḳedat Yiẓḥaḳ" (The Sacrifice of Isaac), Vienna, 1833—a...
BARKANY, MARIE – Austrian actress; born at Kaschau, Hungary, March 2, 1862. She was one of the six daughters of a merchant at Kaschau, and was sent to Vienna to learn bookkeeping. Instead, she occupied her time studying for the stage, taking...
BARNAY, LUDWIG – German actor; born at Budapest, Hungary, Feb. 12, 1842. He was the son of the secretary of the Jewish congregation at that place. Barnay was destined for the building trade, but induced his father to send him to Vienna to study...
BARON, HENRY – French painter; born at Besançon in 1816; died at Geneva in 1885. He was one of the foremost representatives of the historic genre in France, and depicted chiefly the lighter side of the social life of the Renaissance and of the...
BARON, JONAS – Hungarian physician, surgeon, and lecturer on surgery at the University of Budapest, Hungary; born at Gyöngyös Nov. 23, 1845; educated at Budapest. His father was secretary of the Jewish community in Gyöngyös. In 1870 Báron...
BARTH, JACOB – German professor of exegesis, religious philosophy, and Semitic languages; born at Flehingen, Baden, 1851. He studied Orientalia at Leipsic under Fleischer, and at Strasburg under Nöldeke, and later at Berlin University, where...
BARTHOLDY, JACOB SALOMON – Prussian diplomat and art patron; uncle of the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; born May 13, 1779, in Berlin; died in the Protestant faith July 27, 1825, in Rome. He was of a prosperous Jewish family, and received a careful...