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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
ISAAC BEN JUDAH – Talmudist of the twelfth century; teacher of Solomon ben Isaac (Rashi). He was a native of Lorraine ("Ha-Pardes," 35a), but settled early in life in Germany, where he studied under Eleazar ha-Gadol. Isaac occupied successively...
ISAAC BEN JUDAH BEN NATHANAEL OF BEAUCAIRE – Liturgic poet of the early part of the thirteenth century. Zunz credits him with thirty-eight synagogal hymns, most of them to be found in the rituals of Carpentras, Avignon, and Tripoli. They are dated between 1205 and 1220....
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF MANOSQUE – French Talmudist of the first half of the fourteenth century; rabbi at Manosque, in the department of Basses-Alpes. He is praised as a great Talmudist by his contemporaries, although he does not seem to have written anything. He...
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF NARBONNE – French Talmudist; lived in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; a disciple of Abraham ben David of Posquières. He was the author of a commentary, no longer extant, on various treatises of the Jerusalem Talmud. This commentary...
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF OSTROG – Russian rabbi; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of a work entitled "Mattenot 'Ani," or "Ḳiẓẓur Mizraḥi," a compendium of Elijah Mizraḥi's commentary on Rashi, with notes (Prague,...
ISAAC LEON BEN ELIEZER IBN ẒUR SEFARDI – Rabbi at Ancona in the first half of the sixteenth century. He belonged to a Spanish family which settled in Italy after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Isaac was the author of "Megillat Ester," in which he defends the...
ISAAC BEN MEÏR OF NARBONNE – French liturgical poet of the first half of the twelfth century. He is mentioned as a liturgical poet by Joseph Ḳara in his commentary to Job. He was probably the author of the following five poems: "Yomam 'Enenu," pizmon, in...
ISAAC B. MENAHEM THE GREAT – French Talmudist; flourished in the second half of the eleventh century. Isaac, who lived at Orléans, was a pupil of Eliezer the Great of Mayence, and the teacher of Eliezer ben Judah of Châlons (Gross, "Gallia Judaica," p....
ISAAC BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI – French Talmudist; flourished in the first third of the twelfth century; elder son of Merwan of Narbonne. As highly respected in the community as his father, he was elected rabbi of Narbonne. He is often quoted, his Talmudic...
ISAAC BEN MORDECAI GERSHON – Talmudist of the fifteenth century. He was the author of "Shelom Ester," a commentary on the scroll of Esther (Constantinople, 15th cent.). Steinschneider, in Benjacob's "Oẓar ha-Sefarim" (p. 583, No. 679), attributes to the...
ISAAC BEN MORDECAI HA-LEVI – Rabbi of Lemberg; died in Cracow 1799. His father was chief of the yeshibah at Lemberg, and Isaac himself officiated as rabbi first in Leshnow, Galicia, afterward in Chelm, Poland. In 1776 he left the last-named place for the...
ISAAC BEN SAMSON HA-KOHEN – Bohemian Talmudist; died May 30, 1624, in Prague. He was assistant rabbi and magistrate of the community, and was son-in-law of the chief rabbi of Prague, Lewa ben Bezaleel, and the father of Ḥayyim ha-Kohen (rabbi at...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI – Polish rabbi; born at Vladimir, government of Volhynia, Russia, about 1580; died before 1646. He was the elder brother and teacher of David b. Samuel ha-Levi, author of the "Ṭure Zabab." As a young man he became rabbi of Chelm,...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-SEFARDI – Spanish Biblical exegete; flourished in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. From his commentary, which is written in Arabic, it seems that Isaac b. Samuel lived in Palestine; Steinschneider ("Hebr. Bibl." vi. 114) concluded that...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-ZAḲEN – French tosafist and Biblical commentator; flourished at Ramerupt and Dampierre in the twelfth century. He died, according to Grätz ("Gesch." vi. 210), about 1200; according to Gross ("Gallia Judaica," p. 161, and "R. E. J." vii....
ISAAC BEN SHESHET BARFAT (RiBaSH) – Becomes Rabbi. Spanish Talmudic authority; born at Valencia in 1326; died at Algiers in 1408. He settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha-Kohen, under Ḥasdai ben Judah, and especially under R. Nissim...
ISAIAH BEN ABBA MARI – French rabbi of the second half of the fourteenth century; famous for his controversies and for the divisions he caused among the communities of France. Armed with an order from R. Meïr ha-Levi of Vienna, conferring upon him...
ISAIAH MENAHEM BEN ISAAC – Rabbi of Cracow; died Aug. 16, 1599. At first chief of the yeshibah of Szezebrscyn, government of Lublin, Poland, he was later called to the rabbinate of Vladimir, Volhynia. There he was one of the rabbis who signed the protest...
ISE (ISI, JOSE) BEN JUDAH – Palestinian tanna of the second century; contemporary of Simeon ben Yoḥai and of R. Meïr. Bacher thinks it probable that Ise ben Judah is identical with both Jose the Babylonian and Jose of the "Babylonian village," of whom the...
ISHMAEL B. JOSE B. HALAFTA – Tanna of the beginning of the third century. Ishmael served as a Roman official together with Eliezer b. Simon, and was instrumental in suppressing the hordes of Jewish freebooters that had collected during the war between...
ISRAEL OF BAMBERG – Tosafist; flourished about the middle of the thirteenth century. He was a pupil of Samuel of Bamberg, to whose rabbinate he succeeded. Zunz ("Z. G." p. 40) supposes that Israel of Bamberg was the father of Jedidiah of Nuremberg,...
ISRAEL ISSER BEN ZE'EB WOLF – Russian rabbi; lived at Vinnitsa, Podolia, in the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Sha'ar Mishpaṭ," novellæ on Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, in two volumes, Königsberg, 1860; "Sha'ar De'ah," novellæ on the laws of interest in...
ISRAEL JOSHUA OF KUTNO – Russian-Polish rabbi; died at Kutno, in the government of Warsaw, July 11, 1893, at an advanced age. He studied in the yeshibah which was founded in the village of Kukhari by R. Solomon Posner about 1835. Israel Joshua and R....
ISRAEL KOHEN BEN JOSEPH – Polish scholar; lived in the second half of the sixteenth century. He edited the anonymous philosophical work "She'elot 'Inyan ha-Neshamah," containing a dialogue between pupil and master on eighteen questions concerning the...
ISRAEL OF KREMS – Austrian rabbi; flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was the great-grandfather of Israel ben Pethahiah Isserlein, who quotes him in his commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch, section "Wayeḥi." Israel was the...