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Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
ḲARMION (ḲIRMION) – One of the four principal rivers of Palestine (Yer. Kil. ix. 5; Yer. Ket. xii. 3; B. B. 74b). Owing to its small tributaries, its water is turbid and consequently unfit for sacrificial use (Parah viii. 10; comp. Tos. to B. B....
ḲAṬṬINA – Babylonian amora of the second generation (3d cent.); known both as halakist and as haggadist. He was a pupil of Rab (Abba Arika); and his halakot are frequently mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud, as transmitted either by...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KAUDERS, SAMUEL JUDAH LÖB BEN DAVID – Bohemian rabbi; born at Prague about 1762; died there May 6, 1838. After having finished his studies in that city, he devoted his time to Talmudics without holding a rabbinical position. About 1810 he was called to Kaladei as...
KETUBOT – Treatise in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and in the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds. In the Mishnaic order of the Seder Nashim, Ketubot stands second. It is divided into thirteen chapters, containing in the aggregate 101...
ḲIDDUSHIN – Name of a treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds; it is devoted chiefly to discussion of the various modes of betrothal and the conditions which must be fulfilled to make a marriage valid....
KING – Chief ruler of a nation.—Biblical Data: In Jewish history the first ruler called "king" was Saul, son of Kish, but in Palestine almost every chieftain bore this title. According to Josh. xi. 1-2, the country contained numbers of...
KIRIMI, ABRAHAM – Crimean rabbi of the fourteenth century. According to Firkovitch ("C. I. H." No. 50), Kirimi was a proselyte and a pupil of Aaron ben Joseph the Karaite. He derived his name from his native town Kirim, or Sulehat, in the...
KLUGER, SOLOMON BEN JUDAH AARON – Chief dayyan and preacher of Brody, Galicia; born at Komarow, Russian Poland, in 1783; died at Brody June 9, 1869. He was successively rabbi at Rawa (Russian Poland), Kulikow (Galicia), and Jozefow (Lublin), preacher at Brody,...
ḲOHELET (ECCLESIASTES) RABBAH – Haggadic commentary on Ecclesiastes, included in the collection of the Rabbot. It follows the Biblical book verse by verse, only a few verses remaining without comment. In the list of the old sedarim for the Bible four sedarim...
KOHEN ẒEDEḲ II. KAHANA BEN JOSEPH – Gaon of Pumbedita from 917 to 935. Immediately after his appointment he took measures to change the existing system in the division of the revenues between the two schools of Sura and Pumbedita. Hitherto Sura had taken...
KOPPELMANN – Rabbi at Nuremberg toward the end of the fourteenth century. In 1406 Rabbi Israel went to Nuremberg and taught there, at first together with Koppelmann. Afterward they had a controversy, which Rabbi Jacob Weil, interfering,...
KORAH – 1. Son of Esau by Aholibamah; mentioned as a "duke" ( ) of the land of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 5, 14, 18; I Chron. i. 35). 2. Son of Eliphaz, Esau's son by Adah; also mentioned as a "duke" of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 16). 3. Son of Hebron of...
KRÄMER, MOSES BEN DAVID – Lithuanian Talmudist of the seventeenth century; died at Wilna Oct. 19, 1683. After officiating as rabbi in a number of Lithuanian cities, he in 1623 went in the same capacity to Wilna. His contemporaries, who refer to him...
KREMNITZER, JOHANAN B. MEÏR – Polish rabbinical author; lived in the seventeenth century at Kalisz.He wrote "Oraḥ Mishor" (Sulzbach, 1692), a commentary on "Darke Mosheh" to Yoreh De'ah, by Moses Isserles. Kremnitzer was the author also of "Oraḥ Mishor"...
KROCHMAL, ḤAYYIM – Polish Talmudist; born 1626; died 1666 at Cracow; son-in-law of Abraham Chemiesch. He was for many years preacher ("darshan") in the different synagogues of Cracow. By his contemporaries Krochmal was considered an able scholar;...
KROCHMAL, NACHMAN KOHEN – Austrian philosopher and historian; born at Brody, Galicia, Feb. 17, 1785; died at Tarnopol July 31, 1840. He began the study of the Talmud at an early age. When barely fourteen he was married, according to the custom of the...
LABAN – 1. Biblical Data: Son of Bethuel, grandnephew of Abraham, and maternal uncle and father in-law of Jacob. His home being in Aram-naharaim (Mesopotamia; Gen. xxiv. 10), otherwise known as Padan-aram (ib. xxviii. 5), he is called...
LADIER, DOB BÄR B. SHNEOR ZALMAN – Russian Ḥasidic rabbi; born about 1770; died 1834. He was the son of R. Shneor Zalman of Liady, the founder of the Ḥasidic sect known as "Ḥabad," and succeeded his father as their chief. He is the author of the following...
LAMENTATIONS – Biblical Data: In the manuscripts and printed copies of the Old Testament the book is called, after its initial word, "Ekah"; in the Talmud and among the Rabbis, after its contents, "Ḳinot" (comp. especially B. B. 15a). The...
LAMPRONTI, ISAAC B. SAMUEL – Italian rabbi and physician; born Feb. 3, 1679, at Ferrara; died Nov. 16, 1756. His great-grandfather, Samuel Lampronti, emigrated from Constantinople to Ferrara in the sixteenth century. His father, a man of wealth, died when...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...