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Joseph Sohn,

Contributor to "The New International Encyclopedia"; formerly musical critic on the New York "American and Journal"; New York City.

Contributions:
JONAS, ÉMILE – French musician; born at Paris March 5, 1827. He entered the Conservatoire in 1841, where he took the first prize in harmony in 1847 and the Grand Prix de Rome in 1848. Two overtures by him were played in the Conservatoire in...
KAHN, ROBERT – German composer and pianist; born at Mannheim July 21, 1865; a pupil of Ernst Frank and Vincenz Lachner (Mannheim), Friedrich Kiel (Berlin), and Joseph Rheinberger (Munich). After living for some time at Vienna and Berlin he...
KLEEBERG, CLOTILDE – Pianist; born at Paris June 27, 1866, of German parents. She studied with Mmes. Retz and Massart at the Conservatoire, where, at the age of eleven, she received a medal as well as the highest honors in the competitive...
LASSEN, EDUARD – Danish conductor and dramatic composer; born at Copenhagen April 13, 1830; died at Weimar Jan. 15, 1904. His father was president of the Jewish Consistor of Belgium. In his twelfth year he entered the Conservatoire at Brussels,...
LEBERT, SIEGMUND (SIEGMUND LEVY) – Music-teacher and writer on music; born at Ludwigsburg, Württemberg, Dec. 12, 1822; died at Stuttgart Dec. 8, 1884. After completing his studies under Tomaschek, Weber, Tedesco, and Proksch, at Prague, he taught music at Munich....
LEVI, HERMANN – Musical director; born at Giessen, Germany, Nov. 7, 1839; died at Munich May 13, 1900. His mother was a pianist of distinction. He studied under Vincenz Lachner at Mannheim (1852-1855), and at the Leipsic Conservatorium,...
LEWANDOWSKI, LOUIS – German composer of synagogal music; born at Wreschen, province of Posen, April 23, 1823; died Feb. 4, 1894, at Berlin. At the age of twelve he went to Berlin to study pianoforte and singing, and became solo soprano in the...
LICHTENBERG, LEOPOLD – Violinist; born at San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 22, 1861. He studied under Beaujardin, and made his first appearance in concert when eight years of age. At twelve he became a pupil of Wieniawski, whom he accompanied on a tour...
LIEBLING, EMIL – German pianist; born at Pless, Silesia, April 12, 1851. After a course in piano at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst, Berlin, under Ehrlich and Kullak, he continued his studies with Dachs at Vienna and with Liszt at Weimar. In 1867...
MAGNUS, EDUARD – German painter; born at Berlin Jan. 7, 1799; died there Aug. 8, 1872. After studying successively medicine, architecture, and philosophy, he finally adopted the profession of painting, attending the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts....
MAHLER, GUSTAV – Austrian composer; born at Kalischt, Bohemia, July 7, 1860; studied at the gymnasiums at Iglau and Prague, and entered the University of Vienna in 1877. He attended also the conservatorium in that city, studying pianoforte with...
MARETZEK, MAX – Austrian impresario; born at Brünn, Moravia, June 28, 1821; died at Pleasant Plains, New York, May 14, 1897. He was a pupil of Seyfried in Vienna, and also attended the university in that city. Several years later he became...
MARX, ADOLF BERNHARD – German musical writer; born at Halle May 15, 1799; died at Berlin May 17, 1866. He had studied music for some time with D. S. Türk when his father, who had destined him for the law, sent him to the University of Halle, where he...
MARX, BERTHE – French pianist; born at Paris July 28, 1859. She began to study the pianoforte at the age of four, receiving her first instruction from her father, who for forty years was a violoncello-player in the Conservatoire and Grand...
MENDEL, HERMANN – Music publisher and writer; born at Halle Aug. 6, 1834; died at Berlin Oct. 26, 1876. He received his musical education at Halle, Leipsic, and Berlin. In 1853 he entered the Berlin music-publishing house of Schlesinger, and...
MENDELSSOHN – German family rendered illustrious by the philosopher and the musician. It can not verify its ancestry further back than the father of the philosopher, though there is a family tradition that it is descended from Moses...
METZLER-LÖWY, PAULINE – Austrian contralto singer; born at Theresienstadt, Bohemia, Aug. 31, 1853. At the age of seven she entered the Prague Conservatorium, where she studied for four years. Graduating with honors, she immediately received an...
MEYERBEER, GIACOMO – German composer; born at Berlin Sept. 5, 1791; died at Paris May 2, 1864. His real name was Jakob Liebmann Beer; but he changed it when his grandfather promised to leave him his fortune on condition that the composer prefix the...
MOSCHELES, IGNAZ – Austrian pianist; born at Prague May 30, 1794; died at Leipsic March 10, 1870. After a short course with Zadrahka and Horzelsky, his talent in 1804 attracted the attention of Dionys Weber, director of the Prague Conservatorium,...
MOSZKOWSKI, MORITZ – German pianist and composer; born Aug. 23, 1854, at Breslau, where he received his early musical education. After a further course of musical training at Dresden and at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst at Berlin, he acted for...
OCHS, SIEGFRIED – German conductor and composer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main April 19, 1858. He first studied medicine and chemistry at the Polytechnikum of Darmstadt and at Heidelberg University, but later devoted himself entirely to music,...
OFFENBACH, JACQUES – Creator of French burlesque opera; born at Cologne June 21, 1819; died at Paris Oct. 5, 1880. He was a son of Judah Offenbach, cantor of the Jewish congregation at Cologne. Offenbach went to Paris at the age of thirteen, and in...
PARISH-ALVARS, ELIAS – English harpist and composer; born at Teignmouth, England, Feb. 28, 1810; died at Vienna Jan. 25, 1849; a pupil of Dizi, Labarre, and Bochsa. In 1831 he visited Germany and played at Bremen, Hamburg, and other cities with great...
PHILIPP, ISIDOR (EDMOND) – Hungarian pianist; born at Budapest Sept. 2, 1863. He went to Paris at the age of sixteen and entered the Conservatoire as a pupil of Mathias. In 1883 he won the first pianoforte prize, and later took a supplementary course...
POPPER, DAVID – Austrian violoncellist; born at Prague June 18, 1845; a pupil of Goltermann at the Conservatorium in that city. At the age of eighteen he made a tour through Germany, and was at once acknowledged to be one of the leading...