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Ismar Elbogen, Ph.D.

Professor of History at the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums, Berlin, Germany.

Contributions:
JUDAH LEONE B. ISAAC SOMMO – Italian writer and dramatic critic and manager; died after 1591. A scion of the Portaleone family of Mantua, he lived first at Ferrara—where he was the friend of Azariah dei Rossi and became known as a scholar and skilful...
JULIUS OF PAVIA – One of the first European Jews of the Middle Ages known by name. About 760 he disputed at Pavia with Magister Peter of Pisa on the truth of the Christian religion. Alcuin, the friend of Charlemagne, mentions this disputation, at...
LANIADO – Sephardic family settled in Italy and the East; the best-known members are:Abraham ben Isaac Laniado: Oriental scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; born in Aleppo; a contemporary of Joseph Caro, whose Talmudical...
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LEGHORN – Seaport city of Tuscany. Its Jewish community, although the youngest among the large communities of Italy, was for some time the foremost because of the wealth, scholarship, and political rights of its members. The first traces...
LEVI, ISAAC, YOM-ṬOB – Sons of Abigdor ha-Levi Laniatore of Padua; founded a Hebrew printing establishment at Rome in 1518, which received special privileges from the pope through the intercession of Cardinal Egidio di Viterbo. There Elijah Levita's...
LEVI, JEDIDIAH B. RAPHAEL SOLOMON – Rabbi at Alessandria and Sienna; died 1790; author of hymns for the reconsecration of the synagogueat Sienna 1786; these hymns were printed in "Seder Zemirot we-Limmud," Leghorn, 1786.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
LEVI, SOLOMON B. ISAAC – Rabbi and scholar of the sixteenth century. He was born in Smyrna, became director of the academy 'Eẓ Ḥayyim at Salonica, and went subsequently to Venice. He was versed in philosophy, natural sciences, and mathematics as well as...
LUCCA – City of Tuscany, Italy. Its Jewish community is known in literature especially through the Kalonymus family of Lucca, whose ancestor saved the life of the German emperor Otto II. after the battle of Cotrone in Calabria (982),...
LUZZATTO (LUZZATTI) – Name of a family of Italian scholars whose genealogy can be traced back to the first half of the sixteenth century. According to a tradition communicated by S. D. Luzzatto the family descends from a German who immigrated into...
MAGINO, MEïR DI GABRIELE – French silk-manufacturer; lived at Venice. In 1587 he went to Rome to promote the manufacture of silk, which had been begun in that city; and on June 4 of the same year the monopoly of silk-manufacture by his improved process...
MANTUA – Under the Gonzagas. Fortified Italian city, on the Mincio; capital of the duchy of Mantua. It has a population of 29,160, including 1,100 Jews (1901). In 1858 it had 2,523 Jews—the greatest number in its history. The first...
MARINI, SOLOMON B. ISAAC – Italian rabbi of the seventeenth century; died in 1670. He was the only rabbi at Padua who survived the plague of 1631, which decimated the community. His wisdom and his eloquence contributed much to the restoration of order. He...
MASSARANI (MASSARAN) – Name of an Italian family which has been known since the latter part of the fifteenth century. Originally the name of the family was , from Massarano, a small town near Novara in Piedmont. Subsequently various members lived at...
MATTITHIAH B. HERESH – Roman tanna of the second century; born in Judea; probably a pupil of R. Ishmael, and certainly a contemporary and friend of his pupils R. Josiah and R. Jonathan. After his ordination Mattithiah went to Rome, apparently on...
ME'ATI, HA – Family of translators which flourished at Rome in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.Nathan b. Eliezer ha-Me'ati: Earliest known member of the family; called the "Prince of Translators" and the "Italian Tibbonide"; lived in...
ME'ATI, HA – Family of translators which flourished at Rome in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.Nathan b. Eliezer ha-Me'ati: Earliest known member of the family; called the "Prince of Translators" and the "Italian Tibbonide"; lived in...
MEÏR (MOSES MEÏR) B. EPHRAIM OF PADUA – Scribe and printer at Mantua; died in Nov., 1583. After practising various professions he settled in Mantua as a scribe. He was well versed in Talmud, and was a friend of Moses Provencal. There were forty-three of his scrolls...
MESSINA – Italian city, "at the point of Sicily, on the strait called Lunir, which divides Calabria from Sicily." ("Itinerary" of Benjamin of Tudela). Its Jewish community may have been founded even before the destruction of the Second...
MILAN – Expelled in 1320. Capital of Lombardy, and the largest commercial city of Italy. Jews settled there under Roman rule and were persecuted even in the early Christian period. Ambrose,the patron saint of the city, was their...
MODENA – City in central Italy; formerly the capital of the duchy of Modena. Of its Jewish community, which has been, during the last few centuries, one of the most important in Italy, there is no record until a comparatively late date....
MODENA – An Italian family the most distinguished members of which are:Aaron Berechiah Modena. See Aaron Berechiah ben Moses ben Nehemiah of Modena.David ben Abraham Modena: Supposed author of the anonymous Hebrew-Italian school...
MONCALVO – Small town in the province of Alessandria, Piedmont, Italy. Jews settled there after their expulsion from France. The community, like those of Asti and Fossano, long retained the old French ritual, and still uses the German...
MONTICELLI – Small town in the province of Piacenza, northern Italy, with a Jewish community dating from the expulsion of the Jews from the duchy of Milan in 1597. The first settlers were the Soavi and Sforni families of Cremona. The...