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Ismar Elbogen, Ph.D.

Professor of History at the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums, Berlin, Germany.

Contributions:
MOSCATO, JUDAH ARYEH (LEONE) – Italian rabbi, poet, and philosopher of the sixteenth century; born at Osimo, near Ancona; died at Mantua before 1594. After the expulsion of the Jews from the Pontifical States by Paul IV. in 1554, Judah went to the home of his...
MOSES B. MEÏR OF FERRARA – Italian tosafist of the thirteenth century, whose tosafot were used by the compiler of the "Haggahot Maimuniyyot." Moses himself used the tosafot of Judah Sir Leon of Paris, although it is doubtful whether he was Judah's...
MOSES OF PAVIA – Italian scholar of the eleventh century. According to Kaufmann, he is identical with the teacher Moses of Pavia, who, about 900 C.E., left that city for the north of Italy on account of a quarrel with Amittai b. Shephatiah. He...
NAVARRA, ABRAM – Rabbi at Casale (Casale-Monferrato) in 1650. Responsa by him are found, in manuscript, in the collections of David Kaufmann of Budapest and of the Jews' College at London (Mortara, "Indice," p. 43).G. I. E.
ORIA – City of southern Italy, possessing one of the oldest Jewish communities in Europe. Ahimaaz ben Paltiel in his Chronicle represents his ancestor Amittai I. as living in Oria as early as 850; Hananeel, Amittai's son, held a...
OTRANTO – City of southern Italy. It was one of the oldest seats of Jewish learning in Europe, so that at an early date the proverb "From Bari shall the Law go forth, and the word of the Lord from Otranto" came into circulation. In the...
PADOVANI, ELISHAMA MEÏR – Italian Talmudist of the eighteenth century; born in Modena; died at Padua 1830. He was educated and first served as rabbi in his native place; he then became joint rabbi at Mantua with Jacob Cases, and, finally, rabbi of Padua,...
PADUA – Prosperity in the Fourteenth Century. City of upper Italy, 22 miles west of Venice, on the Bacchiglione; capital of the province of the same name. Its Jewish congregation, for centuries one of the most important of Italy, with...
PALERMO – Capital of the island of Sicily; situated on the northern coast. Its Jewish community dates from the Roman period. Under Gregory the Great (d. 604), when it is first mentioned, it is already in possession of a synagogue and a...
PANZIERI – Portuguese family members of which are met with in Constantinople and Rome from the sixteenth century. The family is still (1904) represented in Italy. The most important member of the Constantinople branch is:Ephraim Panzieri:...
PARENZO, ASHER B. JACOB – Hebrew printer in Venice from 1580 to 1600; brother of the printer Meïr b. Jacob. He was employed by Giovanni Bragadin in printing a large number of works of Hebrew literature; among them were: Isaac Abravanel's commentary on...
PERUGIA – Town in Umbria, Italy. It had a Jewish congregation as early as the fourteenth century. Several Jewish scholars lived there; e.g., Daniel b. Samuel Rofe b. Daniel (dayyan about 1400); the poet and physician Moses b. Isaac Rieti...
PESARO – Rivalry with Ancona. Town in the Marches, Italy, formerly belonging to the duchy of Urbino. It has numbered some Jews among its inhabitants since the fifteenth century. One of the first Hebrew printers, Abraham b. Ḥayyim dei...
PESARO – Rivalry with Ancona. Town in the Marches, Italy, formerly belonging to the duchy of Urbino. It has numbered some Jews among its inhabitants since the fifteenth century. One of the first Hebrew printers, Abraham b. Ḥayyim dei...
PESARO, AARON – Author of the work "Toledot Aharon," in which beside every Biblical verse is noted the place where the verse is explained in the Talmud and Midrash. It is not known where or when the author lived; but it is probable that he...
PIGO – Italian family of rabbis. Formerly the name was as a rule transcribed Figo; in an Italian document of 1643 it appears in the form "Pichio"; and in Hebrew it is sometimes written . To this family belong Ephraim Pigo, a learned...
PINA, DE – Portuguese Marano family some members of which were able to escape the Inquisition and to confess Judaism openly in Amsterdam.Jacob (Manuel) de Pina: Spanish and Portuguese poet; born of Marano parents in Lisbon in 1616; went to...
PIOVE DI SACCO – Small Italian city in the district of Padua; the first in that territory to admit Jews. A loan-bank was opened there by an association ("consortium") before 1373, and was probably an unimportant institution, as it paid a yearly...
PISA – Town in Tuscany, Italy, at the mouth of the River Arno; formerly a port of the TyrrhenianSea. The settlement of Jews in Pisa dates back to very early times; the first mention of a congregation is met with in the "Itinerary" of...
POMIS, DE – An old Italian Jewish family which claimed descent from King David. According to a legend, reproduced by De Pomis in the introduction to his lexicon "Ẓemaḥ Dawid," the Pomeria family was one of the four families brought from...
POMIS, DE – An old Italian Jewish family which claimed descent from King David. According to a legend, reproduced by De Pomis in the introduction to his lexicon "Ẓemaḥ Dawid," the Pomeria family was one of the four families brought from...
PORTO – Italian family of which the following members are noteworthy:Abraham b. Jehiel ha-Kohen Porto: Italian scholar; flourished about 1600. After living in Cremona and Mantua, he resided in Verona, where in 1594 he edited and printed...
ROMANO, LEONE – Italian scholar; born at Rome 1292; died there after 1350. Romano was a friend of the naturalist Benjamin b. Judah, together with whom he was the center of learning of the Roman community. He was a gifted thinker, a fine...
ROMI, JOSEPH – Name by which Joseph b. Judah Ḥamiẓ, a pupil of Leon of Modena, is erroneously known. He was the author of "Belil Ḥamiẓ" (see Isa. xxx. 24), for which Modena claims he wrote an introduction; the work is not otherwise known....