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Bernhard Pick, Ph.D., D.D.

Pastor of St. John's Lutheran Church, Newark, N. J.

Contributions:
HAMMON – 1. A place in the territory of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 28, between Rehob and Kanah. It is believed that the ruins now called "Ummel-'Amud" (or "'Awamid") occupy its site.2. A city allotted to the Levites out of the tribe...
HAMON-GOG – A glen at one time known as "the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea," so named after the burial there of "Gog and all his multitude" (Ezek. xxxix. 11, 15).E. G. H. B. P.
HANNATHON – City of Zebulun, apparently on the northern boundary, about midway between the Sea of Galilee and the valley of Jiphthah-el (Josh. xix. 14).E. G. H. B. P.
HAPHRAIM – City of Issachar, between Shunem and Shihon (Josh. xix. 18, 19). In the "Onomastica Sacra," s.v. "Aphraim," it is spoken of as still known under the name of "Affarea," six miles from Legio (Lajjun), to the north. About that...
HARA – District mentioned in I Chron. v. 26 as one of those to which Tiglath-pileser brought the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh. Like the other places with which it is associated, Hara must have been situated in...
HAROD – Name of a well beside which Gideon and his army encamped on the morning of the day which ended in the rout of the Midianites (Judges vii. 1), and where the test of the people by their mode of drinking apparently took place (ib....
HAROSHETH (HAROSHETH OF THE GENTILES) – City supposed to have stood near Hazor, in the northern part of Canaan, afterward known as Upper Galilee, or Galilee of the Gentiles. It was so called on account of the cosmopolitan character of its inhabitants. Harosheth was...
HARSITH – One of the gates of Jerusalem, mentioned in Jer. xix. 2 (R. V.); it led into the Valley of Hinnom. The meaning of the name can not be ascertained. The Authorized Version gives "east gate," evidently connecting it with "ḥeres"...
HASHMONAH – Thirtieth station of the Israelites during their wandering in the wilderness (Num. xxxiii. 29, 30). It was situated not far from Mount Hor. The Septuagint has Σελμωνά, evidently confusing it with the station Zalmonah, mentioned...
HATHACH – One of the eunuchs in the palace of Ahasuerus (Xerxes), in immediate attendance on Esther, who employed him in her communications with Mordecai (Esth. iv. 5-10, R. V.). The Septuagint has ἈξραΘεῖος.E. G. H. B. P....
HAZAR-ENAN – Place on the boundary of Palestine, apparently to the northeast, between Zephron and Shepham, not far from the district of Hamath, in Damascene Syria (Num. xxxiv. 9, 10; Ezek. xlvii. 17, xlviii. 1 [R. V. "Hazar-enon"]).E. G. H....
HAZAR-SHUAL – Town in the south of Judah (Josh. xv. 28; Neh. xi. 27), between Beth-palet and Beer-sheba, afterward included in the territory of Simeon (Josh. xix. 3; I Chron. iv. 28), where it is mentioned between Moladah and Bilhah. After...
HAZAR-SUSAH – City in the extreme south of Judah, allotted to Simeon (Josh. xix. 5). In the parallel passage I Chron. iv. 31, the reading is "Hazarsusim," where the Greek translators have 'Hμισυσεωσιμ, which would presuppose the Hebrew...
HAZARMAVETH – Third son of Joktan, of the family of Shem (Gen. x. 26; I Chron. i. 20). The name is preserved in the modern Hadramaut, a province of southern Arabia. Strabo (xvi. 42) mentions the Χατραμωτῖται, one of the four chief tribes of...
HAZAZON-TAMAR – Dwelling-place of the Amorites when the four kings made their invasion and fought with the five kings (Gen. xiv. 7 [A. V. "Hazezon-tamar"]). In II Chron. xx. 2 it is identified with En-gedi, where the Ammonites, Moabites, and...
HAZOR – 1. Fortified city between Ramah and Kadesh, on the high ground overlooking Lake Merom. It was the seat of Jabin, a powerful Canaanitish king, as appears from the summons sent by him to all the kings round about to assist him...
JEHOIACHIN – Biblical Data: King of Judah; son and successor of Jehoiakim (II Kings xxiv. 6); reigned a little over three months. He was scarcely on the throne when Jerusalem was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon. Unable to resist,...
JEHOIADA – High priest under Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Jehoash (Joash). By his marriage with the princess Jehosheba or Jehoshabeath, daughter of Jehoram, he became the brother-in-law of Ahaziah (II Chron. xxii. 11). After the death of Ahaziah...
JEHOIAKIM – Biblical Data: King of Judah (608-597 B.C.); eldest son of Josiah, and brother and successor of Jehoahaz (Shallum), whom Pharaohnecho had deposed. When placed on the throne, his name, originally "Eliakim," was changed to...
JEHONADAB (JONADAB) – Son of Rechab, a Kenite (I Chron. ii. 55), the founder of the so-called Rechabites (I Chron. ii. 55; Jer. xxxv. 6-7). The English versions transliterate everywhere in Jeremiah "Jonadab," although the Masoretic text reads thus in...
JEHORAM (JORAM) – 1. King of Israel (852-842 B.C.); son of Ahab and Jezebel; brother and successor of Ahaziah. Like his predecessors, Jehoram worshiped Baal. With Jehoshaphat and the King of Edom, Jehoram attacked Mesha, King of Moab. In the war...
JEHOSHABEATH – Daughter of Jehoram, King of Judah, and wife of the high priest Jehoiada, together with whom she saved her brother's son Joash from Athaliah (II Kings xi. 2; II Chron. xxii. 11).E. G. H. B. P.
JEHOSHAPHAT, VALLEY OF – A valley mentioned by the prophet Joel (Joel iv. [A. V. iii.] 2, 12), where, after the return of Judah and Jerusalem from the Captivity, Yhwh would gather all the heathen and would sit in judgment on their misdeeds to Israel. On...
JESSE – Father of David, son of Obed, and grandson of Boaz and Ruth. He is called "the Bethlehemite" (I Sam. xvi. 1, 18; xvii. 58) and "the Ephrathite of Bethlehem" (ib. xvii. 12). He had eight sons (ib. xvi. 10, 11; xvii. 12), although...
JOBAB – 1. Son of Joktan the Shemite (Gen. x. 29; I Chron. i. 23).2. Son of Zerah of Bozrah; second king of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 33, 34; I Chron. i. 44-45). In the Greek version of the Book of Job, at the end, there is the following...