JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
ALFANDARI – A family of eastern rabbis prominent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, found in Smyrna, Constantinople, and Jerusalem. The name may be derived from a Spanish locality, perhaps from Alfambra. The following is a list of...
ALFANDARI – A family of eastern rabbis prominent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, found in Smyrna, Constantinople, and Jerusalem. The name may be derived from a Spanish locality, perhaps from Alfambra. The following is a list of...
ALFASI, ISAAC BEN REUBEN – Sometimes stated to be a grandson of Isaac Alfasi. He is frequently cited as the author of "Sha'are Shebu'ot," a work in twenty chapters on oaths, usually printed with Alfasi's "Halakot" (Fürst, "Bibl. Jud." i. 36; Benjacob,...
ALGAZI, ḤAYYIM – Rabbi in Constantinople in the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Joseph di Trani, and the author of a commentary on "Sefer Mesharim" (The Book of the Righteous), which is the part that treats of civil law in the ritual...
ALGAZI, ḤAYYIM BEN MENAHEM – Rabbi of the island of Rhodes and Smyrna; lived in the seventeenth century; author of "Bene Ḥayyai" (Sons of My Life), containing notes and novellæ in the sequence of the four Ṭurim. It was edited by the author's pupil, Meir...
ALGAZI, ISRAEL JACOB – Great-grandson of Solomon Algazi the elder, and rabbi in Jerusalem in the eighteenth century. Besides contributing to dialectical, liturgical, and legal literature, he was the author of some valuable works on Talmudic...
ALGAZI, MOSES BEN ABRAHAM – A rabbinical writer who flourished in Smyrna in the seventeenth century. He was the brother of Solomon Algazi the elder, and wrote annotations to "Dobeb Sifte Yeshenim." (Smyrna, 1671) and "Sefat Emet," two rabbinical works of...
ALGAZI, SOLOMON NISSIM, the Elder – Rabbi in Smyrna and in Jerusalem in the seventeenth century. He must not be confused with his grandson and namesake, a rabbi in Egypt in the eighteenth century. Solomon Algazi was a prolific writer on all topics of rabbinical...
ALGAZI, YOM-ṬOB BEN ISRAEL JACOB – Commentator; lived at Jerusalem in the eighteenth century; author of a commentary on Naḥmanides' "Hilkot Bekorot" (Laws Concerning Primogeniture), which was published at Leghorn in 1794. Some consider him to be the author...
ALLGEMEINES ARCHIV DES JUDENTHUMS – A monthly publication, devoted, as its title indicates, to the general history of the Jews. It was founded and edited by Jeremiah (Jerome) Heinemann, who, prior to its publication in Berlin in 1839, had edited an annual entitled...
ALMANZI, JOSEPH – Bibliophile and poet; born at Padua, March 25, 1801; died at Triest, March 7, 1860. The eldest son of Baruch Ḥayyim Almanzi, a wealthy merchant; he received a good education by private tutors, one of whom was Israel Conian....
ALTARAS, DAVID BEN SOLOMON – An Italian rabbi and editor who flourished at Venice, 1675-1714. He wrote the short Hebrew grammar in the quarto Bible (Venice, 1675-78). He edited a daily prayer-book (Venice, 1696) and a vocalized edition of the Mishnah with...
ALTARAS, MOSES – An Italian rabbi of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; known as the author of a translation into Judæo-Spanish (but in Latin characters) of the ShulḦan 'Aruk under the title "Libro de Mantenimiento de la Alma," Salonica,...
ALTARAS, SOLOMON – Venetian rabbi of the eighteenth century, probably the son of David Altaras, edited among other works a collection of prayers under the title (A Collection of Prayers and Hymns), Venice, 1718.Bibliography: Benjacob, Oẓar...
AMNON OF MAYENCE (MENTZ) – Subject of a medieval legend that became very popular. It treats of R. Amnon, a wealthy and respected Jew of Mayence, whom the archbishop of Mayence, at various times, tried to convert to Christianity. On one occasion Amnon...
ANDRADE, VELOSINO JACOB DE – Physician; born in Pernambuco 1657, of Portuguese parents, who had, like many other Maranos, fled to Brazil after it had become a Dutch colony. When the Portuguese again took possession of Brazil, Andrade went to Holland, and...
ANGEL, ABRAHAM – A Turkish Talmudist and author who flourished at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He published "Pittuḥe Ḥotam" (Engraving of a Seal), Salonica, 1839, dealing with all questions left undecided in the Talmud, and which are...
ANGEL, BARUCH – A Talmudic author and principal of the Talmudic colleges of Salonica and Smyrna in the first half of the seventeenth century. He was a pupil of Asher ha-Kohen ben Ardut, and became one of the foremost teachers in Turkey. The...
ANGEL BEN ḤAYYIM – A Turkish commentator on the Bible; lived at Salonica in the last half of the eighteenth century. He wrote "'Eẓ Ḥayyim" (Tree of Life), containing disquisitions on Genesis. It was printed together with M. Algazi's "Sefat Emet"...
ANGEL, ḤAYYIM VIDAL BEN SHABBETHAI – Turkish rabbi and preacher, who flourished at Salonica about the middle of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Sippur ha-Ḥayyim" (Tale of Life), containing several funeral orations and miscellaneous homilies on the Pentateuch...
ANTI-SEMITISM – A modern word expressing antagonism to the political and social equality of Jews.The term "Anti-Semitism" has its origin in the ethnological theory that the Jews, as Semites, are entirely different from the Aryan, or...
APIḲOROS – In common Jewish parlance this word is used to signify that a man is a heretic, unsound in his belief, or lax in his religious practise. The word is derived from the Greek 'Eπικύρōς;, but Maimonides (Commentary on the Mishnah,...
ARAD (ALT-ARAD) – Early History. Interior of the Synagogue at Arad.(From a photograph.) A royal free city and market town of Hungary, on the Maros, 145 miles southeast of Budapest. Among the Jewish communities of Hungary that of Arad holds a...
ARMLEDER PERSECUTIONS – A series of persecutions by a band of marauders who in 1338-39 massacred a large number of Jews in Alsace. In 1336 a nobleman of Franconia, pretending that an angel had commissioned him to do so, gathered a band of desperadoes...
ARYEH LOEB BEN ASHER – A rabbi and one of the most eminent Talmudists of his age; born in Lithuania at the end of the seventeenth century; died at Metz June 23, 1785. He was rabbi in Pinsk, and, later, president of the yeshibah in Minsk. In 1765 he...