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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Frederick T. Haneman, M.D.

Brooklyn, N. Y.

Contributions:
HOLLÄNDER, LUDWIG HEINRICH – German dental surgeon; born at Leobschütz Feb. 4, 1833; died at Halle March 14, 1897; educated at the universities at Würzburg and Breslau (M.D. 1856). During the following nine years he practised medicine in South Africa....
HOURWICH, ISAAC AARONOVICH – American statistician; born at Wilna, Russia, April 27, 1860; educated at the gymnasium of Minsk and the University of St. Petersburg. As a student, he became interested in the nihilistic propaganda. Arrested in 1879 on the...
IMMANUEL, SIEGMUND (SOLOMON JACOB) – German philologist; born at Hamburg Sept. 4, 1792; died at Minden Dec. 28, 1847. Educated at the gymnasium of Altona and later at Hamburg, he embraced Christianity in 1809. He then studied theology and philology at the...
ISRAEL, JAMES – German physician; born at Berlin Feb., 1848; M.D. Berlin, 1870. Settling in the German capital, he became in 1875 assistant surgeon at the Israelitish Hospital, and in 1880 chief surgeon. In 1894 he received the honorary title...
ISRAEL, OSKAR – German physician; born at Stralsund Sept. 6, 1854; educated at the universities of Leipsic, Kiel, and Berlin (M.D. 1877). In 1878 he entered the pathological institute of his alma mater as assistant; in 1885 became first...
ISRAELS, ABRAHAM HARTOG – Dutch medical historian; born at Groningen March 27, 1822; died at Amsterdam. Jan. 16, 1883; educated at the university of his native town (M.D. 1845). He established himself as a physician in Amsterdam, where, in 1867, he...
JACOB, BENNO – German rabbi and Biblical scholar; born at Breslau Sept. 8, 1862; educated at the gymnasium, the university, and the theological seminary of his native town (Ph.D. 1889). Since 1891 Jacob has been rabbi at Göttingen.Among his...
JACOBI, ABRAHAM – American physician; born at Hartum, near Minden, Westphalia, May 6, 1830; educated at the universities of Greifswald, Göttingen, and Bonn (M.D., 1851). Identified with the revolutionary movement in Germany, he was imprisoned at...
JACOBI, HEINRICH OTTO – German philologist; born at Tütz, West Prussia, 1815; died in Berlin 1864. He studied at Berlin University, and received the honorary degree of Ph.D. from the University of Königsberg in 1854 for his profound knowledge of the...
JACOBSOHN, PAUL – German physician and hygienist; born in Berlin Sept. 30, 1868; educated at the gymnasium in Berlin and the universities of Berlin and Freiburg (M.D. 1891). He settled in his native city, and from 1892 to 1894 was assistant...
JACOBSON, HEINRICH – German physician; born Oct. 27, 1826, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died Dec. 10, 1890, at Berlin; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, Prague, and Halle, he graduated from...
JACOBY, LOUIS – German engraver; born June 7, 1828, at Havelberg, Brandenburg, Germany; pupil of the engraver Mandel of Berlin, in which city he settled. The year 1855 he spent in Paris; 1856 in Spain; and the years 1860-63 in Italy, especially...
JADASSOHN, JOSEF – German physician; born at Liegnitz Sept. 10, 1863. He was educated at the universities of Göttingen, Breslau, Heidelberg, and Leipsic (M.D. Breslau, 1886). From 1887 to 1892 he was assistant physician at the dermatological...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JARNO, JOSEF (Josef Cohen) – Austrian actor; born at Budapest Aug. 24, 1866. He was educated for a mercantile career, but went on the stage when nineteen years of age. His début was made in 1885 at Ischl, where he has since been engaged during the summer...
JASTROW, IGNAZ – German economist and statistician; born Sept. 13, 1856, at Nakel. Having studied at Breslau, Berlin, and Göttingen (Ph.D. 1878), he became in 1885 privat-docent of social economy at the University of Berlin.Among Jastrow's works...
JEITELES (JEITTELES) – Austrian family of some importance, which can be traced back to the first half of the eighteenth century.Aaron (Andreas) Ludwig Joseph Jeitteles: Physician, poet, and writer; born at Prague Nov. 24, 1799; died at Graz June 17,...
JELLINEK – Austrian family whose name has been rendered illustrious by the great preacher Adolf Jellinek.Adolf Jellinek: Austrian rabbi and scholar; born June 26, 1821, at Drslawitz, Moravia; died Dec. 29, 1893, at Vienna. In 1845 he...
JOACHIMSTHAL, FERDINAND J. – German mathematician; born May 9, 1818, at Goldberg, Silesia; died April 5, 1861, at Breslau. In the year of his graduation (Ph.D. Berlin, 1842) he was appointed teacher at a "Realschule" in Berlin, and in 1846 was admitted to...
JOACHIMSTHAL, GEORG – German physician; born at Stargard, Pomerania, May 8, 1863. He graduated as doctor of medicine from the University of Berlin in 1887 and established himself at the German capital the following year. In 1890 he became assistant...
JOËL, KARL – German philosophical writer; born March 27, 1864, at Hirschberg, Silesia; son of Rabbi H. Joël of that city and nephew of David and Manuel Joël. Educated at the gymnasium of his native town and the universities of Breslau and...
JOSEPH, DAVID – German architect; born July 4, 1863, at Königsberg, eastern Prussia; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at Gnesen, at the Technische Hochschule and the University of Berlin, and at the University of Heidelberg,...
JULIUS, NIKOLAUS HEINRICH – German physician and prison-reformer; born at Altona, Germany, Oct. 3, 1783; died at Hamburg Aug. 20, 1862. He received his early education at Hamburg and at the Graue Kloster at Berlin. He studied medicine at Heidelberg and...