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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
JACOB BEN NAPHTALI HA-KOHEN – Italian printer; born in Gazolo; lived in the sixteenth century. For some time prior to 1556 he was the manager of Tobiah Foa's printing establishment at Sabbionetta, which issued Abravanel's "Merkebet ha-Mishneh" (1551). In...
JACOB OF ORLEANS – French tosafist; died as a martyr in London Sept. 3, 1189. He was one of the most distinguished pupils of Rabbenu Tam, being often called by his teacher's name. According to "'Emeḳ ha-Baka" (ed. Cracow, p. 52), Jacob was still...
JACOBS, JOSEPH – English conjurer; born at Canterbury 1813; died Oct. 13, 1870. He first appeared in London at Horn's Tavern, Kennington, in 1835, when he introduced the Chinese ring trick. At the Strand Theatre in 1841 he achieved a great...
JACOBS, SIMEON – Judge in the Supreme Court of the Cape of Good Hope; born in 1830; died in London June 15, 1883. He became a barrister of the Inner Temple in Nov., 1852. In 1860, in search of health, he emigrated to the Cape of Good Hope, and...
SATAN – In the Bible. Term used in the Bible with the general connotation of "adversary," being applied (1) to an enemy in war (I Kings v. 18 [A. V. 4]; xi. 14, 23, 25), from which use is developed the concept of a traitor in battle (I...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JAMES, DAVID (DAVID BELASCO) – English comedian; born at Birmingham 1839; died in London Oct. 3, 1893. Under the auspices of Charles Kean, James made his début, when a child, in the ballet at the Princess' Theatre, London. Next he appeared in various...
JAWLIKAR, SAMUEL ISAAC – Beni-Israel; born about 1820 in Bombay. He enlisted in the Third Bombay Native Light Infantry April 4, 1840; was promoted jemidar Jan. 1, 1855; native adjutant March 19, 1855; subahdar Feb. 1, 1862; and subahdar-major May 12,...
JEKUTHIEL IBN ḤASAN – Statesman and scientist of the eleventh century; lived in Saragossa. According to Geiger, he is identical with the astronomer Ḥasan ben Ḥasan, who lived as dayyan in Cordova, where he wrote a work on astronomy, and later settled...
JERUSALEM – Ancient: Cross-Sectional View of Jerusalem (West to East) as Seen from the South.(After Heyck, "Die Kreuzzüge.")Capital at first of all Israel, later of the kingdom of Judah; chief city of Palestine; situated in 31° 46′ 45″ N....
JESSEL, SIR GEORGE – English master of the rolls; born in London 1824; died there March 21, 1883; youngest son of Zadok Aaron Jessel. Educatedat University College, London, and London University, he became M. A. and gold medalist in mathematics in...
JESUS OF NAZARETH – In History: Founder of Christianity; born at Nazareth about 2 B.C. (according to Luke iii. 23); executed at Jerusalem 14th of Nisan, 3789 (March or April, 29 C.E.). His life, though indirectly of so critical a character, had...
JEWELL, JACOB – Owner of the largest traveling circus in England; died Sept., 1884; tenant, under W. Holland, of North Woolwich Gardens for about fifteen years. Jewell attended the English and Continental faire for more than sixty...
JEWESSES – Anthropologically considered, Jewesses present certain distinctive physiognomic and epidermic characteristics marking them off from the male members of their race. It has been observed that as a rule they show the Jewish type of...
JEWISH CHRONICLE, THE – Oldest and most influential Anglo-Jewish newspaper; published in London, England; next to the "Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums," the oldest Jewish newspaper in existence. It first appeared Nov. 12, 1841, under the editorship...
JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND – After the Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition in 1887, it was proposed by Lucien Wolf to form a historical society to continue the researches begun by that exhibition, but nothing was done until six years later, when a meeting...
JEWISH LADS' BRIGADE – Military association of English Jewish boys, formed, organized, and directed by Col. Albert E. W. Goldsmid "to instil into the rising generation from their earliest years habits of orderliness, cleanliness, and honor, so that in...
JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW – Journal of Jewish science; founded in London Oct., 1888; edited by Israel Abrahams and C. G. Montefiore. While containing for the most part scientific articles on Jewish literature and history, it has also from time to time...
JEWISH THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY OF AMERICA – Rabbinic seminary established in New York city under the auspices of the Jewish Theological Seminary Association; founded in 1886 mainly by the exertions of Dr. Sabato Morais of Philadelphia, and conducted by him till his death,...
JEWISH WORLD, THE (Die Yiddische Welt) – Yiddish daily paper; founded in New York city June 27, 1902, by the Lebanon Printing and Publishing Company (president, H. Masliansky), with the purpose of furthering the Americanization of Russian immigrants. In each issue one...
JEWRY – Originally a designation for Judea and sometimes for the entire Holy Land. The term was afterward applied to any special district inhabited by Jews; hence the name of "Old Jewry" in London. The following reference to a Jewry...
JEWS' COLLEGE – Rabbinical seminary in London, England; it owes its existence to the chief rabbi Dr. N. M. Adler; the first stone was laid Jan. 4, 1852, at a public meeting presided over by Sir Moses Montefiore. The original design of the...
JEWS' WALK – Name given to the southeast corner of the colonnade in the Royal Exchange, London, owing to the fact that the Jewish brokers were accustomed to assemble there for business when on 'Change. It was customary at the end of the...
JHIRATKAR, SOLOMON BALLAJCE – Beni-Israel soldier; enlisted in the 14th Regiment Bombay N. L. I. in 1818; promoted jemidar Jan. 10, 1839; subahdar Jan. 1, 1843; subahdar-major Jan. 1, 1856; served as a native adjutant for five years and ultimately became...