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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
ZAMENHOF, LAZARUSLUDWIG – Founder of the universal language "Esperanto"; born at Byelostok in Dec., 1859. His father, Markus Zamenhof, and his grandfather, Fabian Zamenhof, were teachers of French and German, the latter being the pioneer of general...
ZAMOSZ, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-KOHEN – Polish rabbi and anti-Shabbethaian of the eighteenth century; rabbi of Tarly. He was very prominent in persecuting the Shabbethaians who had established themselves in Podolia, and on this subject he corresponded with Jacob Emden...
ZAMOSZ, ISRAEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI – Polish Talmudist and mathematician; born at Buberki about 1700; died at Brody April 20, 1772. He was appointed one of the lecturers in the yeshibah of Zamosz, but at the same time he occupied himself with the study of secular...
ZAMOSZ, JOSEPH BEN JACOB ISAAC – Polish rabbi of the eighteenth century; rabbi of Zamosz. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim" (Lemberg, 1792), an analytical work on the commandments, based on the ancient authorities and showing which laws were derived from...
ZAMOSZ, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN BENJAMIN – German rabbi; born in 1740; died at Altona in 1807. He was rabbi of several communities, including Brody and Glogau, and from 1803 until his death he held the rabbinate of the three communities of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck....
ZANGWILL, ISRAEL – English man of letters; born in London Feb. 14, 1864. When he was young his parents moved to Bristol, where he attended the Red Cross School; and after their return to London he entered the Jews' Free School, later becoming a...
ZANGWILL, LOUIS – English novelist; born at Bristol, England, July 25, 1869; brother of Israel Zangwill. He was educated at Jews' Free School, and for a time acted as teacher there, but left together with his brother, and set up a printing...
ZARḲO, JUDAH BEN ABRAHAM – Hebrew poet distinguished for the elegance of his style; flourished at Rhodes in the sixteenth century. During a residence at Constantinople he wrote his "Leḥem Yehudah" (Constantinople, 1560), which contains an allegory on the...
ZAUSMER, JACOB DAVID BEN ISAAC – Polish Masorite of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; rabbi of Zausmer, near Cracow; died before 1644. He was the author of the "Perush ha-Massorah" and of the "Ṭa'ame ha-Massorah" (Lublin, 1616); the former work...
ZAUSMER, JACOB BEN SAMUEL – Polish rabbi and preacher; flourished at Zausmer in the seventeenth century. He was the author of the "Bet Ya'aḳob." (Dyhernfurth, 1696), a work containing 174 responsa. In the preface he says that he wrote also "Toledot...
ZEBAḤIM – Treatise in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and the Babylonian Talmud, dealing mainly with the laws and regulations to be observed in making animal offerings. In the Tosefta this treatise is called "Ḳorbanot" (Sacrifices), while its...
ZEBEDEE – Father of the apostles James and John, and husband of Salome; a native of Galilee and a fisherman by calling (Matt. iv. 21, xxvii. 56; Mark xv. 40). It seems from the mention of his boat and hired servants (ib. i. 20) that...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ḤAYYIM – Dayyan and ḥazzan at Posen toward the end of the seventeenth century. Under the title "Sefer Or Yashar" he edited (Amsterdam, 1709) an Ashkenazic ritual, to which he appended notes of his own, various commentaries collected from...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ISAAC JACOB – Shoḥeṭ at Cracow in the sixteenth century; a pupil of Moses Isserles. He was the author of "Haggahot le-Sefer Sheḥiṭah u-Bediḳah" (Cracow, 1631; n. p. 1723; Amsterdam, 1745; Zolkiev, 1793), annotations appended to Jacob Weil's...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN JOSEPH BEN ẒEBI HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist of the seventeenth century; studied for some time at Cracow under Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. He was the author of "Naḥalat Ẓebi" (Venice, 1661), a commentary on Joseph Caro's Shulḥan 'Aruk, Eben ha-'Ezer, and of...
ZEBID – 1. Babylonian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Abaye, whose halakot he transmitted, and of whom he was perhaps a pupil (Ber. 46b; Soṭah 32b; et passim), Zebid also transmitted the halakot of Raba and R. Naḥman (B....
ZECHARIAH HA-KOHEN – Greek or Turkish Biblical commentator and liturgical poet of the fifteenth century; maternal grandfather of Menahem ben Moses Tamar. According to the latter ("Tanḥumot El," ch. x.), Zechariah wrote a pamphlet("ḳonṭres") in which...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Polish Talmudist of the eighteenth century; a native of Cracow, and in later life chief rabbi and head of the yeshibah at Belz, Galicia. He was the author of "Be'er Heṭeb," a well-known commentary on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Galician and German preacher and scholar; born at Podhaice in the early part of the eighteenth century; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder Dec. 20, 1791. He was of the same family as Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles, who traced their...
ZECHARIAH BEN SOLOMON ZEBSIL – German Talmudist of the sixteenth century; rabbi of the Ashkenazic community at Jerusalem, where he died. He was the father-in-law of Joseph Caro, who speaks of him as of one well versed in rabbinics (Joseph Caro, "Abḳat Rokel,"...
ẒEDAḲAH BOX – A receptacle in which voluntary charitable contributions are deposited. Theearliest mention of such a device is in connection with Jehoiada the priest, who prepared a chest with a hole in the lid and placed it beside the altar...
ẒEDEḲ, JOSEPH KOHEN- – Austro-English rabbinical scholar and preacher; born in Lemberg 1827; died in London 1903. His family claimed to trace its ancestry back to the exilarchs through Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles. Ẓedeḳ was instructed by Joseph...
ZEDEKIAH BEN BENJAMIN – Italian Talmudist and liturgist; lived in Rome in the thirteenth century; died after 1280; elder cousin of Zedekiah b. Abraham Anaw, by whom he is often quoted in the "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ." Zedekiah b. Benjamin was a pupil of Meïr...
ZEDERBAUM, ALEXANDER OSSYPOVITCH – Russian Hebrew journalist; born in Samostye, Lublin, 1816; died in St. Petersburg 1893; founder and editor of "Ha-Meliẓ," and other periodicals published in the Russian and Yiddish languages. A son of poor parents, he was in his...
ẒE'ENAH U-RE'ENAH – Judæ-German paraphrase of the Pentateuch, the Hafṭarot, and the Five Megillot, written by Jacob b. Isaac of Janow, who flourished in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The work is enriched with many haggadot taken either...