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Morris Jastrow, Jr., Ph.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.

Contributions:
BAAL-HERMON – See Baal-gad.J. Jr. F. Bu.
BAAL-MEON – A city in the eastern part of the Jordan district, which is designated in Numbers (xxxii. 3, 38), Joshua (xiii. 17), and Chronicles (v. 8) as Israelitish (Reubenitish), and in Jeremiah (xlviii. 23) and Ezekiel (xxv. 9) as...
BAAL-PEOR – Name of a Canaanitish god. Peor was a mountain in Moab (Num. xxiii. 28), whence the special locality Beth-peor (Deut. iii. 29, etc.) was designated. It gave its name to the Ba'al who was there worshiped, and to whose service...
BAAL-PERAZIM – A place mentioned in the report of the battle between David and the Philistines in II Sam. v. 20 (compare I Chron. xiv. 11). The Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim, while David withdrew to the hill-fortress of Adullam...
BAAL-SHALISHA – A place mentioned in II Kings iv. 42, and in the Talmud (Sanh. 12a). Eusebius identifies it with Baithsarisa, 15 Roman miles to the north of Lydda. This, however, is uncertain, and there is much in favor of connecting...
BAAL-TAMAR – A place near Gibeah, mentioned in the account of the battle between the Benjamites and the other Israelites (Judges xx. 33). Eusebius ("Onomastica Sacra," 238, § 75) knew Baaltamarunder the name of "Beth-thamar"; but at the...
BAAL-ZEBUB – Biblical Data: Name of a god of the Philistine city of Ekron, mentioned only in connection with the illness of Ahaziah, king of Israel, in 842 B.C. (II Kings i. 2, 3, 6, 16), when the sick monarch sent messengers to Ekron to...
BAAL-ZEPHON – Biblical Data: An Egyptian locality in the neighborhood of the Red Sea. In spite of all attempted combinations (Dillmann-Ryssell on Ex. xiv. 2) its situation is still unknown. An Egyptian god, B'irati Dapuna—that is, Ba'alat...
BAALAH – 1. A border town of Judah (Josh. xv. 9, 10; I Chron. xiii. 6) called elsewhere Kirjathjearim.2. A mount on the border of Judah (Josh. xv. 11).3. A city in the south of Judah (Josh. xv. 29), held by the Simeonites (Josh. xix. 3,...
BAALATH – 1. A Danite city (Josh. xix. 44).2. A city built by Solomon mentioned in connection with Tadmor (I Kings ix. 18; II Chron. viii. 6). Its site has not been determined.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BAALATH BEER – A city in the possession of Simeon (Josh. xix. 8); but in the corresponding list of I Chron. iv. 33 called "Baal."J. Jr. G. B. L.
BAALBEK – A city situated at the base of the western slope of the Anti-Lebanon, in a fertile region. It is the Heliopolis of the Greek and Roman writers, and is famous for the magnificent ruins of several temples—a large one with a vast...
BAALIM – Plural of "Baal"; occurs in the Bible fifteen times, always used with the article; not found in the Pentateuch nor in the poetical books. For a full discussion of the cult, see Ba'al-Worship. The true signification has been a...
BAALIS – King of the Ammonites, who was the leading spirit in the murder of Gedaliah (Jer. xl. 14). While the first element in the name is clearly "Baal," the second is puzzling; and no satisfactory explanation has as yet been...
BAANA – 1. Son of Ahilud, one of the twelve commissariat officers of Solomon. He had charge of the districts Taanach and Megiddo (I Kings iv. 12).2. Son of Hushai, another of the commissariat officers of Solomon; placed over Asher and...
BAANAH – 1. Son of Rimmon the Beerothite, of Benjamin, who, with his brother Rechab, was an officer under Ishbosheth. He killed Ishbosheth and brought his head to David in the hope of obtaining a reward; but instead of this, he and his...
BAASHA – Son of Ahijah and king of Israel. Owing to the weakness of Nadab, the successor of Jeroboam I., first king of Israel, Baasha was enabled to seize the throne through the murder of his master. The conspiracy was carried out at...
BABEL, TOWER OF – Biblical Data: The story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: The whole human race spoke one and the same language, and formed one community. This community or clan...
BABEL, TOWER OF – Biblical Data: The story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: The whole human race spoke one and the same language, and formed one community. This community or clan...
BABEL, TOWER OF – Biblical Data: The story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: The whole human race spoke one and the same language, and formed one community. This community or clan...
BABYLON – Biblical Data: The chief city of Babylonia, long the capital of the kingdom and empire that controlled the whole or a large part of the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates.In Hebrew Tradition. This city has several names or...
BABYLONIA – General Data: A country in western Asia of varying limits at different periods. The natural boundaries were the Persian gulf on the south, the Tigris on the east, and the Arabian desert on the west. On the north the boundary...
BABYLONISH GARMENT – Biblical Data: An article of dress mentioned in connection with the theft of Achan (Josh. vii. 21) during the spoil of the captured city of Jericho. The connection would indicate that the garment was one of considerable value....
BACA, THE VALLEY OF – A valley mentioned in Ps. lxxxiv. 7 [6 A. V.]. Since it is there said that pilgrims transform the valley into a land of wells, the old translators gave to "Baca" the meaning of a "valley of weeping"; but it signifies rather any...
BAG – A comprehensive term in the A. V. for various Hebrew words. The most adequate Hebrew expression for a large bag is "ḥariṭ" (compare Arabic), which can contain a talent of silver, as in II Kings v. 23. The same word occurs in the...