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Moses Beer,

Berlin, Germany.

Contributions:
AZARIAH, MENAHEM HA-KOHEN – Author and translator; born at Fürth, Germany; flourished at Amsterdam in 1727. He edited Eliezer ha-Ḳaṭan's (his father-in-law's) "Shulḥan 'Aruk," an extract from the first volume of the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Fürth, 1696-97. Appended...
AZEKAH – A city in the Shephelah, or plain of Judah; about midway between Jerusalem and the Philistine boundary, in a southwestern direction; probably not far from Socoh or Shochoh (I Sam. xvii. 1)—now Shuweikah—with which it is coupled...
BAER, ISSACHAR BEN SOLOMON – Biblical and rabbinical commentator; died at Wilna in 1807. He was the brother of Elijah b. Solomon, the Wilna gaon, and like him was distinguished for simplicity and lucidity in commenting on Biblical and rabbinical topics....
BAND, MORITZ – Austrian writer and art critic; born Oct. 6, 1864. At an early age he began to write for the press, chiefly feuilletons, humorous sketches, and sporting news. He published: "Encyklopädie des Buchhändlerischer Wissens," Weimar,...
BARACH, ROSA – Austrian authoress and educator; born at Neu-Rausnitz, Moravia, May 15, 1841. Educated at her native place and at Vienna, she settled in the latter city, where she founded a high school for girls. In 1882 she made a professional...
BARAFFAEL (BARUFFALL), ISAAC – Italian officer and communal worker; lived in Rome at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. On the occupation of Rome by the French, Baraffael was appointed major of the national forces on March...
BARUCH B. DAVID – A Talmudic author; lived at Gnesen (near Posen) in the beginning of the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Gedullat Mordecai" (The Greatness of Mordecai), containing annotations and painstaking corrections to the work of Mordecai...
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – Rabbi of the Ashkenazim at Constantinople or in its neighborhood, in the last half of the sixteenth century. He is mentioned in the responsa "Ohole Tam" of Tam ben Yahya, with whom he carried on a learned correspondence (ib....
BARUCH B. SAMUEL ZANWILL HA-LEVI – An Austrian rabbi of the eighteenth century; born at Leipnik, Moravia; officiated at Semlin, Croatia. He was the author of "Zera' Shemuel" (Samuel's Seed), containing novellæ on the treatise Ketubot, Vienna, 1796. He also left,...
BARUCH B. ẒEBI HIRSCH – A casuist; lived in Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. He wrote "Shema'tatade-Rab" (Teachings of the Master), containing elucidative discussions of halakic questions that had been...
BASSANI, HEZEKIAH MORDECAI B. SAMUEL – Rabbi of Verona, Italy; lived at the end of the sixteenth century and at the beginning of the seventeenth. He was the author of "Miktab le-Ḥizḳiyahu" (Letter of Hezekiah), on divorce, and "Ma'amar Mordekai" (Mordecai's Words),...
BASSANI, JEHIEL B. ḤAYYIM – Casuist and rabbi of Constantinople in the seventeenth century. His responsa (Constantinople, 1737) are valued for their keen analysis and terse style. Bassani maintained a learned correspondence with the great Oriental teachers...
BAYNUS (BAYNE), RUDOLPHUS – A Christian Hebraist of Cambridge; professor of the Hebrew language in Paris about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of the work "Compendium Michlol" (also with the Hebrew title, "Ḳiẓẓur ha-Ḥeleḳ Rishon...
BEER, ADOLF – Austrian historian and educator; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Feb. 27, 1831. While still young he came under the influence of men like Gideon Brecher and Hirsch Bär Fassel, and received a careful education in the high school of...
BEER, BERTHOLD – Austrian medical writer; born at Brünn, Moravia, April 24, 1859. Educated at the high schools of his native city, first at the realschule, then at the gymnasium, he left for Vienna, where he attended the university and graduated...
BEER, MOSES SHABBETHAI – An Italian rabbi; born at Pesaro; died in Rome, May 6, 1835, where he officiated as rabbi from the year 1825. On Dec. 18, 1829, he was admitted to an interview of forty minutes with Pope Leo XII., in order that he might plead on...
BENJAMIN WOLF BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Judæo-German writer; lived in the eighteenth century in Germany. He was the author of "Sefer ha-Ḥesheḳ" (Book of Desire), a Judæo-German collection of medical prescriptions (Hanau, 1726). Compare Naphtali Ha-Kohen; Joel...
BERECHIAH BERAK B. ELIAKIM GOETZEL – A grandson of Berechiah b. Isaac; rabbi and preacher of Klementow, Poland, and Jaworow, Galicia; lived toward the end of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth. He was a very sincere preacher and suffered...
BERECHIAH BERAK B. ISAAC EISIK – Galician preacher; died in 1664 at Constantinople. He was educated by Nathan Shapira, rabbi of Cracow, and was appointed preacher of that city, where he spent most of his life. He ultimately left for Jerusalem, but died at...
BERLIN, NAḤMAN BEN SIMHAḤ – A polemical writer against reform; lived at Lissa, Germany, at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. His literary activity was wholly devoted to the cause of orthodoxy, opposing steadfastly and...
BORCHARDT, BRUNO – German physicist and author; born at Bromberg Nov. 17, 1859. Educated at Berlin, where he graduated as Ph.D., he was appointed high-school teacher; but on account of his socialistic convictions was compelled to resign his...
BREITENSTEIN, MAX – Austrian writer and translator; born at Iglau, Moravia, Nov. 10, 1855. He attended the gymnasium of his native city and the University of Vienna. In 1876 he turned to journalism and founded the weekly "Alma Mater," which he...
COHN, MORITZ – Austrian writer; born at Kreuzburg, Silesia, Jan. 8, 1844. Educated at the high school of Brieg, he began life as a clerk in a merchant's office, devoting his spare time to writing. After some of his plays had met with success,...
FILIPOWSKI (PHILLIP), HIRSCH – Mathematician, linguist, and editor; born at Wirballen, Russia, 1816; died in London, England, July 22, 1872. At an early age he showed great aptitude for the study of mathematics and languages, and was fortunate in finding a...
TEDESCHI, MOSES ISAAC – Italian translator, Biblical commentator, and teacher; born at Triest June 6, 1821; died there June 17, 1898. He lectured on Biblical exegesis in the Tamud Torah of his native city, and occasionally delivered sermons on holy...