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Max Schloessinger, Ph.D.

Librarian and Lecturer on Biblical Exegesis, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
ISRAEL SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON – Polish Talmudic and halakic author of . About 1620 he lived in Cracow. His father, a physician, was of Spanish origin. Israel wrote, about 1624: (1) A compendium of the "dinim" contained in the four parts of the Shulḥan 'Aruk,...
JABEZ, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON BEN ISAAC BEN JOSEPH HA-DORESH – Turkish Biblical exegete and preacher in the second half of the sixteenth century; a descendant of Joseph Jabez. He wrote: (1) "Ḥasde Abot," commentary on Pirḳe Abot (Constantinople, 1583); (2) "Yafiḳ Raẓon," homiletic...
JÄCKLIN (JACOB) – Jewish financier of Ulm in the fourteenth century; married the daughter of the "Grossjuden" Moses of Ehingen. Jäcklin had several sons; one of them, Isaac, lived in Strasburg, another in Riedlingen, or Reutlingen, and a third,...
JACOB BEN AMRAM – Polemical writer of the seventeenth century. He wrote in 1634, in Latin, a book against the religion of the Christians, with the Hebrew title "Sha'ar Emet" ("Porta Veritatis"). He borrows largely from Manasseh ben Israel, but...
JACOB (ABERLE, ABRIL) BENEDICT (BENET) – Rabbi at Alt-Ofen at the beginning of the nineteenth century; son of Mordecai b. Abraham Benet (Marcus Benedict). Jacob was the author of "Toledot Mordekai Benet" (Alt-Ofen, 1832). The first part contains a biography, and the...
JACOB OF CHINON – French tosafist; lived about 1190-1260. He was a pupil of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre and a teacher of Perez of Corbeil. His two brothers were Nathanael, "the Holy," and Eliezer ben Joseph, "the Martyr," both Talmudical...
JACOB OF COUCY – French tosafist of the thirteenth century; mentioned in tosafot to Ḳiddushin (43b, 67a), by Mordecai, and in Joseph Colon's "She'elot u-Teshubot" (No. 47, Venice, 1579).Bibliography: Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 556;...
JACOB BEN JACOB MOSES OF LISSA – German Talmudist; died in Stryj, Galicia, May 25, 1832. He was a great-grandson of Ẓebi Ashkenazi and a pupil of Meshullam Eger. Jacob was ab bet din in Kalisz and afterward in Lissa, and is usually quoted as Jacob of Lissa or...
JACOB BEN JEREMIAH MATTITHIAH HA-LEVI – German translator of the seventeenth century. He translated into Judæo-German Abraham Jagel's "Leḳaḥ Ṭob" (Amsterdam, 1675; Wilmersdorf, 1714; Jesnitz, 1719) and the "Sefer ha-Yashar" (under the title "Tam we-Yashar";...
JACOB BEN JOEL – Russian rabbi in Brest-Litovsk in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He wrote: "She'erit Ya'aḳob," containing ḥiddushim on the Pentateuch, on the Five Megillot, and on some Talmudic haggadot (Altona, 1727). See...
JACOB BEN MEÏR TAM – Most prominent of French tosafists; born at Ramerupt, on the Seine, in 1100; died at Troyes June 9, 1171. His mother, Jochebed, was a daughter of Rashi. Rabbenu Tam received his education from his father, from Joseph Ṭob 'Elem...
JACOB BEN MORDECAI HA-KOHEN – Gaon of Sura from 801 to 815; succeeded Hilai ben Mari. He officiated fourteen years, according to a text of Sherira ("M. J. C." i. 39); according to other authorities (l.c. i. 65, 188), eighteen years. In his decisions Jacob...
JACOB BAR NAṬRONAI – Gaon of Sura (911-924). After the death of his predecessor, Shalom bar Mishael, the Academy of Sura became impoverished and was abandoned by most of the students (Sherira, in "M. J. C." i. 39, 189). Jacob bar Naṭronai was then...
JOSEPH BEN GORION – Date of the "Yosippon." Author of the "Sefer Yosippon," a history of the Jews from the time of the destruction of Babylon (539 B.C.) to the downfall of the Jewish state (70 C.E.), with historical accounts of Babylonia, Greece,...
JOSEPH IBN ḤASAN – Arabic author of the fifteenth century or earlier. In 1467 he wrote "Muḥsin al-Adab," on culture, in fifty ḳaṣidahs. It was adapted from the "Sefer ha-Musar" of Isaac ibn Crispin, according to Steinschneider (Neubauer, "Cat....
JOSEPH BAR ḤIYYA – Gaon of Pumbedita from 828 to 833. In the controversy between Daniel and the exilarch David ben Judah, the gaon Abraham ben Sherira seems to have been deposed by one party and Joseph bar Ḥiyya, the "ab bet din," appointed gaon...
JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Gaon of Sura about 930-936 and 942-948. He was chosen by the exilarch David ben Zakkai to fill the place of Saadia (c. 930) when the latter was deposed. In 936, however, when the exilarch became reconciled to Saadia, Joseph was...
JUDAH HA-LEVI – His Youth. Spanish philosopher and Hebrew poet; born at Toledo, southern Castile, in the last quarter of the eleventh century; died in the Orient after 1140. If his birth is correctly assigned to 1085 or 1086 (Rapoport, in...
JUDAH BEN MEÏR HA-KOHEN HAZAḲEN – French Talmudist; lived about the year 1000. According to the sources, he was surnamed "Léon," "Léonṭe," "Léonṭin," "Sire Léon," and "Sire Léonṭin," and was designated as "the grand" and "the gaon." He was the principal teacher...
JUDAH BEN SAMUEL HE-ḤASID OF REGENSBURG – Ethical writer and mystic; died Feb. 22, 1217 ("Oẓar Ṭob," 1878, p. 045; Berliner, "Magazin," 1876, p. 220; "Kerem Ḥemed," vii. 71 [erroneously 1216]; "Ben Chananja," iv. 248 [erroneously 1213]). He was descended from an old...
JUDAH SICILIANO – Italian poet of the fourteenth century. He earned a livelihood by giving lessons in poetry and by writing occasional poems; but none of his poetical productions has been preserved. He composed a riming dictionary, preserved in...
ḲABIṢI, ABRAHAM AL- – Printer in Constantinople in the sixteenth century. Together with Judah Sason and Moses ben Joseph Hamon he published "Toledot Adam we-Ḥawwah" by Jeroham ben Meshullam (Constantinople, 1516).Bibliography: Steinschneider,...
KAHANA, ELIEZER BEN REUBEN – Preacher and homiletic exegete in Karlin at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Siaḥ Sefunim" (Zolkiev, 1751-52), a commentary on the Five Rolls, each of them having its special subtitle; and "Ṭa'ame Torah" (ib....
KAIRWAN – Foundation of City. City in the regency of Tunis, thirty miles inland from Susa, and about eighty miles south of the capital. Next to Tunis, it is the largest and most populous city in the country, and is the "Mecca" of North...
KALISCHER, ẒEBI HIRSCH – German rabbi and colonizer; born March 24, 1795, at Lissa, Posen; died Oct. 16, 1874, at Thorn, on the Vistula. Destined for the rabbinate, he received his Talmudic education from Jacob of Lissa and Akiba Eger of Posen. After...