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ḤARIF MOSES PHINEHAS BEN ISRAEL – Polish rabbi and author; died in Lemberg 1722. He was the grandson of Moses Ḥarif the Elder and the father of Israel and Hirsch Ḥarif, the latter of whom became rabbi of Yaborow, Galicia. In 1684 he occupied the position of...
ḤASON, SOLOMON BEN AARON – Turkish rabbi of the sixteenth century. Of his works the following are known: "Bet Shelomoh," responsa, at the end of which are added some responsa by R. Daniel Estorza (Salonica, 1720); and "Mishpaṭim Yesharim," containing...
ḤAYYIM B. MOSES 'AṬṬAR – Italian rabbi; born at Sale, near Brescia, Italy, 1696; died in Jerusalem 1743. He was educated under the care of his grandfather, R. Ḥayyim. He wrote: "Ḥefeẓ ha-Shem," novellæ on Berakot, Shabbat, Horayot, and part of Ḥullin...
ḤAYYIM B. SAMUEL B. DAVID OF TOLEDO – Spanish rabbi and author; lived at the end of the thirteenth century and at the beginning of the fourteenth. He was a pupil of Solomon b. Adret, and left in manuscript a work, "Ẓeror ha-Ḥayyim," which contains the laws...
ḤAYYIM BEN TOBIAH – Russian rabbi; lived in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was among the pupils of Elijah of Wilna, and settled in Safed. In a letter from Safed, dated 1810, he exhorts the Jews of Russia to contribute to the assistance...
HELLER, JEHIEL B. AARON – Russian rabbi; born in Koidanov, government of Minsk. 1814; died at Plungian, government of Kovno, Nov. 14, 1861. He was a descendant of Rabbi Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. Jehiel was successively rabbi at Glusk (1836-43), Volkovisk...
ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM OF POSEN – Polish rabbi and author; died in Posen 1685. He was the pupil of R. Jonah Teomim, author of "Ḳiḳayon de-Yonah," and colleague of R. Moses Zacuto; later he became rabbi of Lutzk, Volhynia, whence he went to Grodno. In 1664 he was...
ISAAC BEN MORDECAI HA-LEVI – Rabbi of Lemberg; died in Cracow 1799. His father was chief of the yeshibah at Lemberg, and Isaac himself officiated as rabbi first in Leshnow, Galicia, afterward in Chelm, Poland. In 1776 he left the last-named place for the...
JACOB B. AARON OF KARLIN – Russian rabbi and author; died at Karlin, government of Minsk, 1855. He was a grandson of Baruch of Shklov, the mathematician and author, and was one of the earliest and most renowned graduates of the yeshibah of Volozhin. He...
JACOB BEN EPHRAIM OF LUBLIN – Polish rabbi; died in Lublin 1648. At first he occupied the post of rabbi and instructor at the yeshibah of that city, whence he was called to officiate as rabbi in Brest. There he entertained in 1631 R. Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller,...
JACOB BEN JUDAH LÖB – Polish rabbi; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. Educated as a Talmudist, he became rabbi of Krasnopolie, government of Suwalki. He wrote "Peduyot Ya'aḳob," an index to the halakot and subjects of the Shulḥan...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN UZZIEL OF GLOGAU – Rabbinical author; died in Vienna 1730. He was well versed in the Midrashim, and was the author of "Nezer ha-Ḳodesh," an extensive commentary on Midrash Rabbah, a part of which, namely, on the first section of Genesis, was...
JONAH BEN JUDAH GERSHON – Rabbi and author; died in Wilna 1808. He was dayyan of that city, and devoted his time to the study of the Tosefta, which he considered indispensable to a better understanding of the Mishnah and Gemara. But, finding the text...
JOSEPH DAVID BEN ẒEBI – Russian rabbi and author; born in Zetil, government of Grodno, 1767; died in Mir, government of Minsk, 1846. He was the grandson of the rabbi of Zetil and son-in-law of R. Moses of Kletzk. At an early age he was, appointed rabbi...
JOSEPH B. JACOB ISAAC – Rabbi at Yampol, Russia, later at Zamoscz; died in 1807. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim," on various subjects, including Maimonides' "Madda'" (Lemberg, 1792). Appended to the book are some novellæ by his son Isaac, rabbi...
JOSHUA HÖSCHEL BEN MEÏR – Rabbinical author; lived in the eighteenth century; died at Jerusalem; a contemporary of Elijah Wilna. Hewrote "Maẓmiaḥ Yeshu'ah" (Nowydwor, 1782), in two parts: the first consists of a commentary on the "Mordekai" of R....
KAHANA, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM – Rabbinical author; died in Wilna 1826. His father was rabbi at Brestowitz, government of Grodno. Jacob was the son-in-law of R. Issachar of Wilna, brother of Elijah Wilna. He lived with his father-in-law, and was supported by...
ḲALA'I, MORDECAI B. SOLOMON – Turkish rabbi and author; lived in the first half of the seventeenth century. He was the pupil of R. Aaron Ḥason, R. Aaron Sason, and R. Isaac Franco, and was the chief teacher of the Portuguese yeshibah at Salonica. R. Daniel...
KALLIR, ELEAZAR B. ELEAZAR – Hungarian rabbi and author; died at Kolin, Bohemia, in 1805; grandson of Meïr Eisenstadt, author of "Panim Me'irot." Kallir, who was rabbi of Rechnitz and of Kolin, wrote: (1) "Or Ḥadash," in three parts:(a) commentary on the...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KLATZKO, MORDECAI BEN ASHER – Russian rabbi and author; born in Wilna 1797; died in Lida July 2, 1883. He was a descendant of Rabbi Mayer Katzenellenbogen of Padua. Klatzko received the usual Talmudical education and soon distinguished himself by his keen...
KREMNITZER, JOHANAN B. MEÏR – Polish rabbinical author; lived in the seventeenth century at Kalisz.He wrote "Oraḥ Mishor" (Sulzbach, 1692), a commentary on "Darke Mosheh" to Yoreh De'ah, by Moses Isserles. Kremnitzer was the author also of "Oraḥ Mishor"...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...