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Wilhelm Bacher, Ph.D.

Professor, Jewish Theological Seminary, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
MOSES B. BENJAMIN HA-SOFER OF ROME – Liturgical poet of the twelfth century; he wrote several piyyuṭim for the Passover and the Feast of Weeks, as well as for some of the special Sabbaths. His piyyuṭim differ in style and composition from those of preceding...
MOSES HA-DARSHAN – French exegete; lived at Narbonne about the middle of the eleventh century. According to a manuscript in the possession of the Alliance Israélite Universelle containing those parts of Abraham Zacuto's "Sefer Yuḥasin" that are...
MOSES OF EVREUX – French tosafist, and author of a siddur ("Semaḳ" No. 154); flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. Moses is generally supposed to have been the son of Yom-Ṭob, referred to in Elijah Mizraḥi's responsa (No. 82);...
MOSES BEN ISAAC LEONI – Italian scholar and Talmudist; born at Urbino Nov. 30, 1566; died in 1641. At the age of thirteen Moses became the pupil of Jedidiah of Rimini: the date of his birth and the date of the engagement of Jedidiah as his teacher...
MOSES BEN ISAIAH HA-KOHEN – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was a pupil of Solomon Luria, and was successively rabbi of Miedzyboz, Brody, and Przemysl. Fürst ("Bibl. Jud." iii. 120) and Benjacob ("Oẓar ha-Sefarim," p. 86)...
MOSES BEN ISRAEL OF LANDSBERG – German Talmudist and Hebrew scholar at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was styled by his contemporaries "the father of those that interpret according to gemaṭria." He was the author of "'Iṭṭur Soferim" (Hamburg,...
MOSES BEN JACOB OF COUCY (SeMaG) – Travels in Spain. Page from the First Edition of the "Semag," Rome (?) Before 1480.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York.)French tosafist and codifier; lived in the first half of...
MOSES BEN JOSEPH HA-KOHEN – Liturgical poet of the latter part of the twelfth century; perhaps the Moses ben Joseph who aided the oppressed Jews in the Rhenish provinces in 1196. He wrote a seliḥah entitled "Arba'ah Abot Neziḳin," in which the four...
MOSES (MESHARSHEYA) KAHANA BEN JACOB – Gaon of Sura from 832 to 843; son of the gaon (801-815) Jacob ha-Kohen ben Mordecai. Moses is reputed to have been a student of the Cabala and to have used amulets, charms, etc. (Hai ben Sherira, "Ṭa'am Zeḳenim," p. 566)....
MOSES OF KIEV – Russian Talmudist; lived in the first half of the twelfth century. Moses seems to have been in western Europe in consequence of the expulsion of the Jews from Kiev in 1124 (comp. Firkowitz in "Ha-Karmel," ii. 407). It is not...
MOSES HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of Salonica in the first half of the eighteenth century; author of a collection of responsa entitled "Kehunnat 'Olam" (Constantinople, 1740), followed by ṇovellæ on the Ṭur Yoreh De'ah (Fürst, "Bibl. Jud." ii. 399).W. B....
MOSES HA-KOHEN OF CORFU – Greek Talmudist and liturgical poet; flourished at the end of the sixteenth century. He was the author of"Yashir Mosheh" (Mantua, 1612), consisting of (1) a versification of the Book of Esther and of the midrashic legends...
MOSES BEN NAḤMAN GERONDI – Precocious Development. Spanish Talmudist, exegete, and physician; born at Gerona (whence his name "Gerondi") in 1194 (Gans, "Ẓemaḥ Dawid," p. 50, Warsaw, 1890); died in Palestine about 1270. He was the grandson of Isaac ben...
MOSES B. SHEMAIAH – Scholar and preacher in the latter part of the seventeenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the Pentateuch, containing also notes on Rashi's commentary and entitled "Wa-Yiktab Mosheh" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1694),...
MOSES BEN TODROS – Spanish rabbi; lived about 1150. He was for many years nasi of Narbonne, and was both prominent as a scholar and well known for his charity. Because of his unassuming disposition he is always spoken of as "he'anaw" = "the modest...
MOSES ZEEB WOLF BEN ELIEZER – Lithuanian rabbi of the beginning of the nineteenth century; born at Grodno; died at Byelostok. He was at first head of the yeshibah at Grodno; then, in 1813, he was called to the rabbinate of Tiktin, where he remained until...
MOTAL, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB OF SALONICA – Turkish rabbi of the seventeenth century; born about 1568; died in 1658. He was a pupil of R. Samuel Ḥayyun, author of the responsa collection "Bene Shemuel," and probably of R. Solomon b. Abraham Kohen (MaHaRSHak) also. As the...
MOTAL, BENJAMIN B. ABRAHAM OF CONSTANTINOPLE – Turkish scholar of the first half of the seventeenth century. He is said to have been an exceptional grammarian and to have written certain grammatical works, of which, however, nothing has been preserved. He edited the...
MOTHER – Biblical Data: Although the father was considered the head of the family among the Hebrews of old, and the mother therefore occupied an inferior position legally and ritually, yet in the ethical relation involving the reverence...
MUSSAFIA (MUSAPHIA), BENJAMIN BEN IMMANUEL – Physician and philologist of the seventeenth century, who in his Latin work on medicine calls himself Dionysius; born about 1606, probably in Spain; died at Amsterdam in 1675. In his earlier years he practised medicine at...
NAAMAN – 1. Biblical Data: Syrian general whose miraculous recovery from leprosy is told in II Kings v. The name, meaning "pleasantness," is held by Lagarde to represent Adonis, on the assumption that (Isa. xvii. 10) means "the plantings...
NAḤMAN BAR ISAAC – Babylonian amora of the fifth generation; died in 356; like Raba, a pupil of R. Naḥman b. Jacob. While he was still young his halakic knowledge was known and esteemed; and he was chosen resh kallah (see Jew. Encyc. i. 146b, s.v....
NAḤMAN BAR JACOB – Babylonian amora of the third generation; died 320; pupil of Mar Samuel. He was chief justice of the Jews who were subject to the exilarch, and was also head of the school of Nehardea. On the destruction of that town, he...
NAHSHON – Biblical Data: Son of Amminadab; descendant in the fifth generation from Judah and brother-in-law of Aaron (Ex. vi. 23; I Chron. ii. 4-10). Nahshon was appointed by Moses, upon God's command, as prince of the tribe of Judah, and...
NAHUM OF GIMZO – Tanna of the second generation (first century). In the Talmud (Ta'an. 21a; Yer. Sheḳ. v. 15) he is called "ish gam zu" (the man of "gam zu"); and this name is explained as referring to Nahum's motto. It is said that on every...