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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Edgar Mels,

New York City.

Contributions:
COHN, EMIL – German physicist; born at Neu-Strelitz Sept. 28, 1854; studied at the University of Strasburg, whence he was graduated as Ph.D. in 1878. From 1881 to 1884 he was assistant in the Physical Institute of the university, and in the...
COHN, TOBY – German physician and medical author; born at Breslau Dec. 26, 1866. Cohn was educated at the Elisabeth gymnasium of his native city and at the universities of Breslau and Freiburg. From Sept., 1891, to Jan., 1893, he was an...
CONEGLIANO – A prominent Jewish family of northern Italy. The spelling "Conian," according to Kaufmann, is a misreading of the Hebrew . It takes its name from the town of Conegliano, which at one time belonged to the republic of Venice. A...
CONEGLIANO – A prominent Jewish family of northern Italy. The spelling "Conian," according to Kaufmann, is a misreading of the Hebrew . It takes its name from the town of Conegliano, which at one time belonged to the republic of Venice. A...
CUMBERLAND, RICHARD – English dramatist; born in the Master's Lodge, Trinity College, Cambridge, Feb. 19, 1732; died at Tunbridge Wells May 7, 1811. He was educated at Bury St. Edmunds and Westminster, and at Trinity College, where he was entered...
DAVIDSOHN, ROBERT – German journalist; younger brother of Georg Davidsohn; born at Danzig April 26, 1853. He joined his brother on the editorial staff of the "Berliner Börsen-Courier," writing satirical critiques of actors, actresses, and singers....
DAWISON (DAVIDSOHN), BOGUMIL – Actor; born at Warsaw May 15, 1818; died at Dresden Feb. 1, 1872. In his boyhood he earned a precarious living as itinerant correspondent for various firms, alternating this occupation with that of sign-writer; and then he...
DESSAUER, FERDINAND (DESSOIR, FERDINAND AUGUST) – German actor; son of Leopold Dessauer; born at Breslau Jan. 29, 1836; died in Dresden April 15, 1892. He was trained for the stage by Werner Mannheim, and made his début in 1852 as the Prince in "Dorf und Stadt." In the...
DESSAUER, LEOPOLD (DESSOIR, LUDWIG) – German actor; born at Posen Dec. 15, 1810; died Dec. 30, 1874, in Berlin. Dessauer, who was known during his stage career as "Dessoir," was the son of a Jewish merchant. He made his début in the theater of his native town in...
DICKENS, CHARLES – English novelist; born Feb. 7, 1812, at 387 Mile End Terrace, Commercial Road, Landport, Portsea; died June 9, 1870, at Gadshill, near Rochester, Kent. Dickens is of interest to the Jewish world principally through two of his...
DOLARO, SELINA – Anglo-American actress and singer; born at London in 1852; died in New York city Jan. 23, 1889. She studied music at the Paris Conservatoire under Auber, and made her début Jan. 20, 1870, as the Spanish princess in "Chilperic"...
DRAMA, THE JEW IN MODERN – General Characteristics. The modern drama, which may be said to date from Christopher Marlowe and Shakespeare, has made liberal use of the Jew as a stage character. From the time of these authors until the present, dramatists...
EZEKIEL, JOSEPH – Indian Hebraist; one of the heads of the Beni-Israel of Bombay; born in that city 1834. Ezekiel was educated in the school of the Free General Assembly by the Rev. John Wilson, and under his tuition he learned the rudiments of...
FELDMANN, LEOPOLD – German dramatist; born at Munich May 22, 1802; died in Vienna March 26, 1882. He was one of the most prolific farce- and comedy-writers in Germany, and his plays have proved their worth by their long-continued
FÉLIX, ELISA-RACHEL – French actress; born in the Soleil d'Or, the principal inn of the village of Munf, in the canton Aargau, Switzerland, March 24, 1821; died at Cannet, near Toulon, France, Jan. 3, 1858. Her father was of German extraction, and...
FLECK, JOHANN FRIEDRICH FERDINAND – German actor; born at Breslau 1757; died in Berlin Dec. 20,1801. He made his début in 1777, at Leipsic, where he remained until 1779, when hewent to Hamburg. After a stay of four years in that city he went to Berlin.Fleck was...
FRIEDMANN, SIEGWART – German actor; born at Budapest April 25, 1842. He was a pupil of Dawison, who not only educated him for the stage, but took him into his own home and family. He made his début at Breslau Oct. 18, 1863, as Ferdinand in "Egmont,"...
FROHMAN, CHARLES – American theatrical manager; born at Sandusky, Ohio, about 1858. He began his theatrical career as advance agent for Haverley's Mastodon Minstrels. Afterward he held a similar position with Collender's Georgia Minstrels, with...
FROHMAN, DANIEL – American theatrical manager; brother of Charles Frohman; born at Sandusky, Ohio, 1853. He went to New York city in 1866, and became office-boy of the "New York Tribune." He worked his way upward for five years, when he abandoned...
GLÜCKSMANN, HEINRICH – Austrian author; born at Rackschitz, Mähren, July 7, 1864. He began his literary career at sixteen, one of his first productions being "Aufsätze über Frauensitten und Unsitten," which appeared in the "Wiener Hausfrauen-Zeitung"...
HARRIS, SIR AUGUSTUS GLOSSOP – English actor, playwright, and theatrical manager; born in Paris 1852; died at Folkestone, England, June 22, 1896. Harris made possible the renascence in London of grand opera, which had lapsed for want of support. Educated in...
HECKSCHER, FERDINAND – German act-or; born at Berlin 1806; died at Sondershausen Feb. 28, 1891. Heckscher, who had a fine bass voice, began his theatrical career as a singer, but, finding his opportunities in this field too limited, he abandoned music...
HÖNIG, SIDONIE – Austrian actress; born at Vienna 1871; prize-winner at the Vienna Conservatorium. She made her début in 1889, at the Hoftheater, Carlsruhe, as Jane Eyre in "Die Waise aus Lowood." In 1890 she went to the Deutsche Volkstheater,...
JAMES, DAVID (DAVID BELASCO) – English comedian; born at Birmingham 1839; died in London Oct. 3, 1893. Under the auspices of Charles Kean, James made his début, when a child, in the ballet at the Princess' Theatre, London. Next he appeared in various...
KADELBURG, GUSTAV – German actor and dramatist; born Jan. 26, 1851. He made his first appearance at Leipsic in 1869, and two years later played at the Wallnertheater, Berlin. He was very successful in comedy parts, but abandoned the stage to write...