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Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
BELA – 1. An early king of Edom, having his royal seat at Dinhabah; son of Beor (Gen. xxxvi. 32, 33; I Chron. i. 43, 44). The name "Dinhabah" occurs in Palmyrene, Syria, and in Babylonia (Dillmann, "Genesis," ad loc.); and, since it...
BELIAL – Biblical Data: A term occurring often in the Old Testament and applied, as would seem from the context in I Sam. x. 27; II Sam. xvi. 7, xx. 1; II Chron. xiii. 7; Job xxxiv. 18, to any one opposing the established authority,...
BELTESHAZZAR – The name given to Daniel by the chief of the eunuchs (Dan. i. 7). The writer of the Book of Daniel sees in the first syllable the god Bel, but it is more probable that the name is to be explained as the Babylonian "balaṭsu [or...
BEMIDBAR – The Hebrew name for the Book of Numbers (see Numbers)J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN-ABINADAB – Commissariat officer of Solomon who married a daughter of his royal master. He was stationed in the district of Dor; that is, the modern Tanturah (I Kings iv. 11, R. V.).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN-AMMI – Son of Lot, and ancestor of the Ammonites (Gen. xix. 38).G. G. B. L.
BEN-DEKAR – Commissariat officer of Solomon, whose district in northern Dan included Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-Beth-hanan (I Kings iv. 9).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN-HESED – Commissariat officer of Solomon with residence in Aruboth in Judah (I Kings iv. 10, R.V.). His district was Hepher and Sochoh. There being several places of the name "Sochoh," it is not easy to decide which one is meant. The...
BEN-HUR – Commissariat officer of Solomon "in the hill country of Ephraim" (I Kings iv. 8, R. V.).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEN-ONI – A play upon the name "Benjamin." According to Gen. xxxv. 18, it was the name given by the dying Rachel to her son Benjamin. See Benjamin.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BENAIAH – Biblical Data: 1. One of the Bene Parosh who took foreign wives (Ezra x. 25); in I Esd. ix. 26 he is called "Baanias."2. One of the Bene Pahath-moab in the same list (Ezra x. 30), called "Naidus" in I Esd. ix. 31.3. One of the...
BENE-BERAK – A town assigned to Dan (Josh. xix. 45). It was situated on the seacoast plain southeast of Joppa, and is to be identified with the modern Ibn Ibrak (Buhl, "Geographie," p. 196). The Danites, however, did not continue to hold the...
BEOR – 1. Father of Bela, king of Edon (Gen. xxxvi. 32; I Chron. i. 43). 2. Father of Balaam (Num. xxii. 5; xxiv. 3, 15; xxxi. 8; Deut. xxiii. 4; Josh. xiii. 22; Micah vi. 5). II Peter ii. 15 gives the name as "Bosor."G. G. B....
BERA – King of Sodom; one of the five kings constituting the confederacy under Amraphel (Gen. xiv. 2). Ber. Rabbah 42 playfully interprets the name as though contracted from "ben ra'" (evil son).G. G. B. L.
BERACHAH – 1. A Benjamite who came to David and joined his forces at Ziklag (I Chron. xii. 3). 2. A valley where Jehoshaphat and his men assembled after having despoiled the Ammonites and Moabites (II Chron. xx. 26). It is identical with...
BEREA – Place where Bacchides encamped (I Macc. ix. 4). From the context it would seem to be near Jerusalem, though some scholars have identified it on unsatisfactory evidence with Beeroth (Josh. ix. 17; I Esd. v. 19).J. Jr. G. B....
BERED – 1. A son of Ephraim (I Chron. vii. 20). In the genealogy of Num. xxvi. 35 his place is taken by Becher. It may be that Bered and Becher are the same. See Becher.2. A place given in the story of Hagar (Gen. xvi. 14). Beer Laḥai...
BERIAH – 1. A son of Asher, representing, however, not an individual, but a clan (Gen. xlvi. 17; Num. xxvi. 44, 46). A member of the clan was called a Beriite (Num. xxvi. 44). The name is also found in the genealogical list, I Chron....
BERŒA – Identified with the modern Haleb or Aleppo, the scene of the death of Menelaus, who was killed by being smothered in ashes in one of its towers said to be 55 cubits in height (II Macc. xiii. 4).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEROTHAH (BEROTHAI) – A city of Hadadezer, from which David obtained much brass subsequently used by Solomon in making the brazen sea, pillars, and vessels of brass (II Sam. viii. 8). In the parallel account of I Chron. xviii. 8 it is calledChun,...
BERYL – A stone, ranging in color from blue to pale yellow and found all over the world; three kinds are to be distinguished—beryl, aquamarine, and emerald. According to Ex. xxviii. 20 and xxxix. 13, the beryl was the first on the...
BESOR – A wadi or river-bed where two hundred of the followers of David stopped while the rest of the force pursued the Amalekites (I Sam. xxx. 9, 10, 21). Guerin ("Judée," ii. 213), identifies Besor with the modern Wadi el-Ghazza,...
BETH-ANOTH – City in the hills of Judah (Josh. xv. 59). It has been identified by both Conder and Buhl ("Geographie," p. 158) with the modern Beth Ainûn.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BETH-ARABAH – A town situated, according to Josh. xv. 61, in the wilderness of Judah. It was a border-town between Judah and Benjamin, and hence is credited to the former (Josh. ib.); while in Josh. xviii. 22 it is enumeratedamong the towns...
BETH-ARBEL – Mentioned only once (Hosea x. 14) as a city destroyed by Shalman. Opinions vary both as to the location of the place and as to the identification of Shalman. The most probable location is that of the modern Irbid on the east...