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AMI – See Ammi.
AMI DES ISRAÉLITES, L' – See Periodicals.
AMICO, JOSEPH – Learned and influential rabbi born in Tunis (?); who went to Italy after the year 1550, when Moses Provençal was chief rabbi of Mantua. In the question of the legality of the divorce granted to Samuel Venturoso in Venice, on...
'AMIDAH – See Shemoneh 'Esreh.
AMIGO, ABRAHAM – A noted rabbi of Palestine; flourished about the middle of the seventeenth century. He was a contemporary of Moses ben Nissim Benveniste, the younger, author of the responsa, "Sefer Pene Mosheh." For his piety and learning,...
AMIGO, MEIR – A Spanish Jew, who lived in the second half of the eighteenth century at Temesvar (Hungary). He was nicknamed "Re chico" (the little king) on account of his wealth, and was highly respected at the court of Maria Theresa. At...
AMILTAI – In Greek mythology, the goat, whose horn overflowing with nature's riches has become the symbol of plenty (the cornucopia), and that nursed the infant god Zeus with her milk. This name occurs twice in ancient Jewish legend: (1)...
AMITTAI – Father of the prophet Jonah (II Kings, xiv. 25; Jonah, i. 1). According to rabbinical sources (Yer. Suk. v. 55a; Gen. R. xcviii.; Yalḳ., Jonah, § 550) Amittai came from the tribe of Zebulon and lived at Zarephath. There is a...
AMITTAI BEN ABIDA AHIZADEK – See Caro, David.
AMITTAI BEN SHEPHATIAH – A wellknown liturgical poet, who flourished at Oria, Italy, in the beginning of the tenth century. The time of his activity was until recently a matter of doubt. Rabbenu Tam (died 1171) cites one of his piyutim ( ; Yeb. 16b;...
'AMM, 'AMMI – A name applied to Semitic gods and found in Biblical names like Amminadab, Ammiel, Ammishaddai. The word 'amm, 'am, properly "kinsman" (in Arabic, "paternal uncle"), was used among the Semites as an appellation of various gods...
AMMAR, DAVID B. SAMUEL – An author of Leghorn, who wrote "Tefilah le-David" (A Prayer of David) on the hundred daily benedictions (Salonica, 1777; see Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." col. 857; "Jew. Quart. Rev." xi. 486).H. G. E.
AMMI – Descent. The name of several amoraim. In the Babylonian Talmud the first form only is used; in the Palestinian Talmud all three forms appear promiscuously, Immi predominating, and sometimes R. Ammi is contracted into "Rabmi" or...
AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS – Roman historian; born at Antioch, Syria, about 320; died about 395. He wrote a history of Rome, from Nerva to Valens, in which the Jews are mentioned in Books XIV. ch. viii.; XXII. ch. v.; XXIII. ch. i.; XXIV. ch. iv. It is...
AMMIEL – A name of the following persons in the Old Testament: 1. A Danite (Num. xiii. 12). 2. Father of Machir, of Lodebar (II Sam. ix. 4 et seq., xvii. 27). 3. Father of David's wife, Bathsheba ("Bathshua") (I Chron. iii. 5; compare II...
AMMIHUD – 1. Father of Elishama, the chief of Ephraim in the second year after the exodus (Num. i. 10, ii. 18); appears also in the genealogical list of Ephraim (I Chron. vii. 26). 2. Father of Shemuel, who was to represent the tribe of...
AMMIHUR – See Ammihud (4).
AMMINADAB – 1. The father of Aaron's wife Elisheba (Ex. vi. 23) and of Nahshon, the "head of the tribe of Judah" (Num. i. 7, ii. 3). Also the name of certain Levites (I Chron. vi. 7, xv. 10). 2. The name of a king of the Ammonites in the...
AMMISHADDAI – Name of the father of the Danite Ahiezer, in Num. i. 12, ii. 25, etc. Gray, "Hebrew Proper Names," pp. 194 et seq., 245, pronounces the name a late and artificial formation. C. C. T.
AMMON, AMMONITES – Derivation and Relationship. —Biblical Data: A nation in eastern Palestine. As to their origin from Lot, compare Gen. xix. 38, in which "Ben-ammi" (son of my paternal uncle; that is, of my nearest relative) is paro-nomasia, not...
AMNON – 1. The eldest son of David and Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess (II Sam. iii. 2). As heir presumptive to the throne he was an object of envy and dislike to Absalom. The dishonor done by Amnon to his half-sister Tamar—the full sister of...
AMNON OF MAYENCE (MENTZ) – Subject of a medieval legend that became very popular. It treats of R. Amnon, a wealthy and respected Jew of Mayence, whom the archbishop of Mayence, at various times, tried to convert to Christianity. On one occasion Amnon...
AMOLO, BISHOP OF LYONS – See Amulo.
AMON – An Egyptian god, whose name occurs in Jer. xlvi. 25 ("Amon of No," R. V.) and in Nahum, iii. 8 (No-Amon). He was originally only the local divinity of Thebes; but on the accession of the eighteenth dynasty, became the supreme...
AMON – 1. Governor of Samaria during the reign of Ahab (I Kings, xxii. 26; II Chron. xviii. 25). To him Ahab handed over Micaiah, the prophet, on his prophesying unfavorably to the king. 2. The "children of Amon" are mentioned in the...