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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BRUCK, JACOB – Hungarian physician and author; born at Pápa Oct. 20, 1845; died at Budapest 1901; brother of Lajos Bruck. He studied at the gymnasium and at the University of Budapest; and graduated as doctor of medicine in 1870. He began to...
BRUCK, JULIUS – German dentist and writer on dentistry; born at Breslau Oct. 6, 1840; died there, April 20, 1902. He studied dentistry and medicine at the universities of Breslau, Berlin, Bonn, and Paris; receiving his diploma as dentist from...
BRUCK, LAJOS – Hungarian painter; born at Pápa, county of Veszprim, Nov., 1846. Though his father intended him for commercial life, he early showed a liking for drawing and painting, and resolved to become an artist. He frequented the Academy...
BRUCK, MAX (Miksa) – Hungarian painter; born at Budapest 1863; a brother of Lajos Bruck. He graduated from the schools of his native city, and when still a pupil at the Realschule showed a predilection for drawing. He continued his studies at the...
BRUCK, MOSES – Hungarian theological writer; born about 1812 in Prerau, Moravia; died in 1849. He studied at Prague, and, as he could find no position as tutor in Moravia, went to Hungary. On the outbreak of the Revolution of 1848 he enlisted...
BRÜCK, SOLOMON B. ḤAYYIM – Austrian Hebraist; born in the latter part of the eighteenth century; died about 1846. He is the author of "Ḥaḳirat ha-Emet" (Altona, 1839; 2d ed., Vienna, 1842), a volume of collectanea, including in the first edition a sermon...
BRUCKMAN, HENRIETTA – Founder of the first Jewish women's lodge in America; born in Bohemia April, 1810; died in New York city April, 1888. She married Dr. Philip Bruckman, and, about the year 1842, came with him to the United States, settling in New...
BRUHL, LUCIEN LEVY – See Levy-Bruhl.
BRUHL, L. S – See Levy-Bruhl.
BRÜLL, ADOLF – German writer and theologian; born in Kojetein, Moravia, April 27, 1846; son of Rabbi Jakob Brüll. He was educated at Kremsier and at the universities of Vienna, Prague, and Breslau, and received his theological training at the...
BRÜLL, IGNAZ – Austrian composer; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Nov. 7, 1846. In 1848 his parents removed to Vienna, where he became a pupil of Epstein (piano-forte), Rufinatscha (composition), and Dessoff (instrumentation). In 1861 Epstein...
BRÜLL, JAKOB – Austrian Talmudist and author; born at Neu-Raussnitz, Moravia, Nov. 16, 1812; died at Kojetein Nov. 29, 1889. He attended the yeshibot of Bonyhad, Presburg, and Budapest. After serving as assistant rabbi in his native city, he...
BRÜLL, NEHEMIAH – Rabbi and scholar of varied attainments; born March 16, 1843, at Neu-Raussnitz, Moravia; died Feb. 5, 1891, at Frankfort-on-the-Main. Brüll received his rabbinic-Talmudic education from his father, Jakob, who combined wide...
BRUNA, ISRAEL – See Isreal Bruna ben Ḥayyim.
BRUNETTI, ANGELO – Popular Roman leader, and advocate of the emancipation of the Jews; born in Rome 1800; died there Aug. 10, 1849. Inspired by the patriot Mazzini, Brunetti labored not only for the deliverance of his native city, but also for the...
BRÜNN – Capital of Moravia. It possessed a Jewish community as early as the twelfth century. At the instigation of Capistrano, the Jews were expelled from Brünn July 27, 1451, by King Ladislaus, the posthumous son of the fanatical...
BRUNNER, ARNOLD WILLIAM – American architect; the son of William Brunner and Isabelle Solomon; was born in New York city Sept. 25, 1857. He was educated in Manchester, England, and in New York, and is a graduate of the special architectural course in the...
BRUNNER, SEBASTIAN – Austrian Catholic theologian, editor, and anti-Jewish writer; born Dec. 10, 1814, in Vienna; died in Währing, near Vienna, Nov. 26, 1893. He was ordained as priest in 1838, and after officiating in various parts of the diocese...
BRUNSWICH, LÉON LÉVY – French dramatist; born at Paris April 20, 1805; died at Havre April 29, 1859. Favoritecollaborator of Ad. de Leuven, he wrote together with him, as well as with Dumersan, Dupeuty de Beauplan, etc., many vaudevilles and comic...
BRUNSWICK – Duchy of Germany, the capital of which has the same name. The first settlement of Jews in the duchy was at Blankenburg; for a record states that in 1241 the abbess of Quedlinburg owed Jacob, a Jew, probably the first one in...
BRUSA – City of Anatolia, 54 miles from Constantinople and 21 miles from the port of Moudania. According to some chroniclers, the Jews of Brusa were the first to enter into relations with the Ottoman Turks and to come under their...
BRUSILOV – Town in the government of Kiev, Russia, with a Jewish population (1898) of 2,800, in a total of 6,500. Of the 541 Jewish artisans, 112 are tailors and 206 tanners. About eighty families receive alms at Passover. There is a...
BRUSSELS – Capital of Belgium. There are no records as to the date when Jews first settled in Brussels; but as many of them were scattered over the province of Brabant at the time of the Romans, it may be assumed that they established...
BRUTISH – A term applied by the Biblical writers to men whose disposition or spirit was like that of beasts. It is used in close conjunction with "foolish" (Jer. x. 8; Ps. xlix. 10, xciv. 8), and, as indicated in the Hebrew, may mean...
BRUTZKUS, JUDAH LOEB BEN DAVID – Russian writer; born 1870 at Polangen, in the government of Courland; studied at the gymnasium and University of Moscow, from which city his family was expelled in 1892. He received his diploma as physician in 1894. Brutzkus...