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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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CHABAZELETH – See Periodicals.
CHABER – See Ḥaber.
CHABIB – See Ḥabib.
CHABRIS – Son of Gothoniel, and one of the three governors of Bethulia, a city besieged by Holofernes. Toward the end of the siege, which had entailed much suffering upon the Israelites, Chabris and his colleagues had agreed to hold out...
CHACHAM (THE WISE) – See Ḥakam.
CHACHAM BASHI – See Ḥakam Bashi.
CHACHAM ẒEBI – See Ashkenazi,Ẓebi Hirsch b. Jacob.
CHAD-GADYA – See Ḥad Gadya.
CHADAD – See Ḥadad.
CHÆREMON – Stoic philosopher and anti-Jewish writer (Origen, "Contra Celsum," i. 59; Eusebius, "Hist. Eccl." vi. 19), Egyptian priest (Porphyry, "De Abstinentia," iv. 6-8; Jerome, "Adversus Jovinianum Libri II.," ii. 13), teacher of Nero...
CHAFF – Separated husks of grain. The Bible frequently compares things evanescent to chaff blown away by the wind (Zeph. ii. 2; Ps. i. 4, xxxv. 5; Job xxi. 18; Hosea xxxiii. 3; Isa. xvii. 13, xxix. 5, xli. 15). In the process of...
CHAGIS, JACOB, MOSES – See under Hagiz, Jacob; Hagiz, Moses, etc.
CHAIBAR, ARABIA – See Khaibar.
CHAIKIN, MOSES AVIGDOR – Rabbi and author; born at Sklow, government of Mohilev, in 1852, and removed at an early age with his father to St. Petersburg, where the latter became chief shoḥet. Chaikin was educated for the rabbinate, and obtained several...
CHAINS – A word employed in English versions of the Bible as an equivalent for the various Hebrew terms applied to devices consisting of a series of links and used (1) as means of restraint, or (2) for ornamental purposes on persons or...
CHAJES – Talmudist, literary historian, and rabbi; born at Brody Nov. 20, 1805; died at Lemberg Oct. 12, 1855. His father, a scion of the famous Ḥayot family of scholars, was a highly educated banker who lived for fifteen years at...
CHAJUN – See Ḥayyun.
CHALAFTA – See Ḥalafta.
CHALCIS – Capital of the island of Eubœa in the Ægean sea; under Greek dominion since 1832. Benjamin of Tudela found 200 Jews on the island. There is also testimony to the early residence of Jews in Chalcis in a Hebrew inscription on a...
CHALDEA – The Hebrew "Kasdim" (generally without the article) usually designates the Chaldeans as a people sometimes also their country (Jer. l. 10; li. 24, 35; Ezek. xi. 24, xvi. 29, xxiii. 15 et seq.) or the people together with the...
CHALFAN, PHOEBUS – See Ḥalfon.
CHALILAH – See Ḥalilah.
CHÂLONS-SUR-MARNE – Capital of the department of Marne, France. Little is known of the Jews of this city. In 1292 Davy and his son Salemon, Jews of Chaalons, were living at Paris. The "Document sur les Juifs du Barrois" (1321-23) mentions for...
CHÂLONS-SUR-SAÔNE – Capital of the department of Saône-et-Loire, France. Jews were established in the city at an early period; the council that convened there in 630 forbade them to sell slaves abroad. A mint-master named Priscus, who held office...
CHALPHI – Father of Judas. The latter was one of the two captains who remained when all the others under Jonathan had fled at the battle of the plain of Nasor (I Macc. xi. 70). Josephus refers to Chalphi, but calls him "Chapsios."J. Jr....