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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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NAḤMAN BAR ISAAC – Babylonian amora of the fifth generation; died in 356; like Raba, a pupil of R. Naḥman b. Jacob. While he was still young his halakic knowledge was known and esteemed; and he was chosen resh kallah (see Jew. Encyc. i. 146b, s.v....
NAḤMAN BAR JACOB – Babylonian amora of the third generation; died 320; pupil of Mar Samuel. He was chief justice of the Jews who were subject to the exilarch, and was also head of the school of Nehardea. On the destruction of that town, he...
NAḤMAN B. SAMUEL HA-LEVI – Frankist; rabbi of Busk, Galicia; lived in the first part of the eighteenth century. When Mikulski, the administrator of the archbishopric of Lemberg, invited the representatives of Judaism to a disputation with the Frankists...
NAḤMAN B. SIMḤAH OF BRATZLAV – Founder of the Ḥasidic sect known as "Bratzlaver Ḥasidim"; born at Miedzyboz (Medzhibozh), Podolia, Oct. 9, 1770; died at Uman 1811. His father was a grandson of Ba'al Shem-Ṭob and of R. Naḥman Horodenker. Naḥman b. Simḥah...
NAḤMANI, SAMSON ḤAYYIM BEN NAḤMAN RAPHAEL – Italian Talmudist; flourished about the latter half of the eighteenth century. He was the pupil of Ephraim Cohen of Ostrog, rabbi of Modena; of Abi'ad Sar-Shalom Basilla, rabbi of Mantua; and, in Cabala, of Benjamin Alexander...
NAḤMANIDES, MOSES – See Moses ben Naḥman Gerondi.
NAḤMIAS (NAAMIAS, NEHMIAS) – One of the most ancient and prominent Jewish families of Toledo. The oldest member known is Joseph Naḥmias, son-in-law of Joshua ben Isaac ibn Saidum, who was living in 1112. In 1211 another of the same name is met with in the...
NAḤMOLI, JOSEPH – Talmudist and rabbi of Larissa in the eighteenth century; father-in-law of Isaac ibn Shangi (author of "Be'er Yiẓḥaḳ," on the Pentateuch), and pupil of Ḥayyim Abulafia.He wrote: "Eshel ha-Neḥalim" (Smyrna, n.d.), containing...
NAHOR – 1. Son of Serug; father of Terah and, consequently, grandfather of Abraham. He is said to have lived one hundred and forty-eight years (Gen. xi. 22-25; I Chron. i. 26).2. Son of Terah and brother of Abraham and Haran. He married...
NAHSHON – Biblical Data: Son of Amminadab; descendant in the fifth generation from Judah and brother-in-law of Aaron (Ex. vi. 23; I Chron. ii. 4-10). Nahshon was appointed by Moses, upon God's command, as prince of the tribe of Judah, and...
NAHSHON BEN ZADOK – Gaon; head of the Academy of Sura from 874 to 882, in succession to Mar Amram ben Sheshna. He wrote explanations to difficult words in the Talmud, not in alphabetical order, as did his contemporary Gaon Ẓemaḥ ben Paltoi of...
NAHUM – One of the so-called Minor Prophets. He is called, in the title of his book, "Nahum the Elkoshite." Where Elkosh was is not definitely known. The supposition that Nahum was a native of Judah agrees well with his keen sense of...
NAHUM, BOOK OF – One of the Minor Prophetical works which centers about the overflow of Nineveh. The dispirited people of Judah are aroused and encouraged by the announcement of the downfall of the oppressive empire seated on the upper Tigris....
NAHUM – Liturgical poet; lived about 1300, probably in southern Spain. He possessed unusual talent. Some of his poems have been translated into German and printed by Michael Sachs, while others are preserved only in manuscript.This...