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REISCHER, JACOB B. JOSEPH – Austrian rabbi; born at Prague; died at Metz Feb. 1733. He was the son of R. Joseph, author of "Gib'ot 'Olam," and a pupil of R. Simon Spira of Prague, who gave him in marriage the daughter of his son Benjamin Wolf. Reischer was...
REITLINGER, FREDERICK – French jurist; born at Ichenhausen, Bavaria, June 18, 1836. He attended the Saint Anna College at Augsburg. After having pursued Talmudical studies under Abraham Geiger at Breslau, he studied law at the universities of Munich...
RELAND, ADRIAN – Dutch Christian Hebraist and Orientalist; born at Ryp, near Alkmaar, Holland, July 17, 1676; died at Utrecht Feb. 5, 1718. He became professor at Harderwyk in 1699, but resigned his appointment in the same year for the chair of...
RELIGIÖSE WOCHENSCHRIFT FÜR GOTTGLÄUBIGE GEMÜTHER – See Periodicals.
REMAINDERS AND REVERSIONS – In Anglo-American law the owner of property (especially of land) may and often does grant or devise it to one person for years or for life, and then to other persons forever, or consecutively to several persons for life. The...
REMAḲ (MOSES BEN JACOB CORDOVERO) – Rabbi of Safed and cabalist; born in 1522; died June 25, 1570. He belonged to a Spanish family, probably of Cordova, whence his name "Cordovero." After having studied rabbinical literature under the guidance of Joseph Caro,...
REMAK, ERNST JULIUS – German physician; born at Berlin May 26, 1849; son of Robert Remak. He received his education at the universities of Breslau, Berlin, Würzburg, Strasburg, and Heidelberg, and obtained the degree of M.D. in 1870; he took part in...
REMAK, ROBERT – German physician; born at Posen July 26, 1815; died at Kissingen Aug. 29, 1865. He studied medicine at the University of Berlin, graduated in 1838, and settled in the Prussian capital. From 1843 he was assistant at the...
REMBRANDT (REMBRANDT HARMENSZOON VAN RYN) – Dutch painter; born at Leyden July 15, 1606 or 1607; died at Amsterdam Oct. 8, 1669. He was a contemporary of Manasseh ben Israel, with whom he was on terms of intimate friendship and whose portrait he painted in 1645 and etched...
REMENYI, EDUARD – Hungarian violinist; born in Eged, Hungary, 1830; died at New York, May 15, 1898. He studied under Böhm at the Vienna Conservatorium from 1842 to 1845. Banished from Austria for participation in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848,...
REMNANT OF ISRAEL – View of Isaiah. Concept of frequent occurrence in the utterances of the Prophets, and closely interwoven in their peculiar construction of Israel's history and destiny. The idea is indicated in the name of Isaiah's son...
RENAN, JOSEPH ERNEST – French Semitic scholar and thinker; born at Tréguier Feb. 23, 1823; died at Paris Oct. 2, 1892. Destined for the priesthood, he felt in 1842, after the study of German philosophy and Semitic philology, that he was no longer able...
RENT; REPAIRS – See Landlord and Tenant.
REPENTANCE – The noun occurs only in post-Biblical literature, but it is derived from the vocabulary of the Bible. Maimonides' dictum, "All the prophets preach repentance" ("Yad," Teshubah, vii. 5), echoes the opinion of Talmudic authority...
REPHAIM, VALE OF – Fertile plain in Judah; the scene of David's battles with the Philistines (Isa. xvii. 5; II Sam. v. 18 et seq., xxiii. 13). According to II Samuel (l.c.), it must have been in the vicinity of Beth-lehem. The boundaryline between...
REPHIDIM – Place on the edge of the desert of Sin, where the children of Israel encamped after crossing that desert. The people suffered there from lack of water; they complained, and Moses smote water from the rock. Moses named the place...
REPLEVIN – See Alienation and Acquisition.
REPRESENTATIVE THEMES – Anticipating in some measure the modern use of the leitmotif, the cantors of the synagogues, as soon as the traditional material of their chants was fixed (by the beginning of the sixteenth century), introduced and extended the...
REPTILES – In the Biblical account of creation the "creeping things" are divided into the "moving" creatures of the sea (Gen. i. 20) and "everything that creepeth upon the ground" (Gen. i. 25). As a group parallel to the "beasts" and the...