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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SOFERIM – Position Among the "Smaller Treatises." Talmudic treatise dealing especially with the rules relating to the preparation of the holy books, as well as with the regulations for the reading of the Law. It belongs to the so-called...
SOFIA – Capital of Bulgaria, 350 miles from Constantinople. The city had Jewish inhabitants before the ninth century; and this community was joined in 811 by coreligionists among the 30,000 prisoners whom the Bulgarian czar Krum brought...
SOKOLOW, NAHUM B. JOSEPH SAMUEL – Russian journalist; born in Wishograd, government of Plock, Russian Poland, Jan. 10, 1859. His father, a descendant of Nathan Shapira, author of "Megalleh 'Amuḳḳot," removed to Plock about 1865, where Nahum received the usual...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLDI, EMILE-ARTHUR – French engraver, sculptor, and writer on art; born at Paris May 27, 1846; son of David Soldi, a professor of modern languages and a native of Denmark. In 1869 Emile Soldi was awarded the Grand Prix at Rome for medal-engraving....
SOLIS – Spanish and Portuguese family of crypto-Jews, some of whom were inquisitors, while others were victims of the Inquisition. Those who made good their escape to the Netherlands, France, and England openly professed Judaism. In the...
SOLIS COHEN – See Cohen, Jacob da Silva Solis; Cohen, Solomon da Silva Solis.
SOLNIḲ, BENJAMIN AARON – See Sloniḳ, Benjamin Aaron ben Abraham.
SOLOMON – Third king of all Israel; reigned from about 971 to 931 B.C ; second son of David and Bath-sheba (II Sam. xii. 23-25). He was called Jedidiah (= "beloved of Yhwh") by Nathan the prophet, the Chronicler (I Chron. xxii. 9)...
SOLOMON, SEAL OF – The legend that Solomon possessed a seal ring on which the name of God was engraved and by means of which he controlled the demons is related at length in Giṭ. 68a, b. This legend is especially developed by Arabic writers, who...
SOLOMON, TEMPLE OF – See Temple.
SOLOMON, TESTAMENT OF – Pseudepigraphic treatise on the forms and activities of demons and the charms effective against them. Extracts from the work are given by Fabricius ("Codex Pseudepig. Vet. Test." i. 1047) from the notes of Gilbertus Gaulminus on...