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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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STOKVIS, BAREND JOSEPH – Dutch physician; born at Amsterdam Aug. 16, 1834; died Sept. 28, 1902; son of the physician J. B. Stokvis (1808-87). He studied at the Latin school in Amsterdam (1843-50) and at the Athenæum (1856), visited Paris and Vienna...
STONE AND STONE-WORSHIP – Maẓẓebah. Cromlech Near 'Amman.(From a photograph by the Palestine Exploration Fund.)Sacred stones are mentioned with great frequency in the Old Testament; they were erected by Jacob at Beth-el (Gen. xxviii. 18; comp. xxxi. 13),...
STONES, PRECIOUS – See Gems.
STONING – See Capital Punishment.
STORK – Unclean bird (Lev. xi. 19; Deut. xiv. 18). The name (comp. Latin, "pia avis") alludes to the filial piety and devotion attributed by the ancients to the stork (comp. Aristotle, "Historia Animalium," ix. 14, 1). Both the white...
STÖRK, KARL – Austrian laryngologist; born at Ofen, Hungary, Sept. 17, 1832; died at Vienna Sept. 13, 1899. He studied at the universities of Prague and Vienna, graduating as M.D. in 1858, when he was appointed assistant at the communal...
STRACK, HERMANN LEBERECHT – German Protestant theologian and Orientalist; born at Berlin May 6, 1848. Since 1877 he has been assistant professor of Old Testament exegesis and Semitic languages at the University of Berlin. He is the foremost Christian...
STRAKOSCH, ALEXANDER – Hungarian actor and dramatic teacher; born at Sebes, near Eperies, Hungary, Dec. 3, 1845. After a brief trial of commercial life he went on the stage at Reichenberg (Sept., 1863). Subsequently he danced, sang, and acted at...
STRAKOSCH, MORITZ – Austrian pianist, singer, and impresario; born at Brünn, Austria, 1825; died at Paris Oct. 9, 1887. He made his first appearance in public at the age of eleven, when he played a concerto by Hummel at a concert given in his...
STRANGER – See Gentile; Hospitality; Proselyte.
STRANGULATION – See Capital Punishment.
STRASBURG – German commercial and fortified city in the province of Alsace-Lorraine. Legend relates that after the destruction of the Temple a number of fugitive Jews escaped to Europe, Some settling in the south of France, while others...