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CATECHISMS – ...Faith; London, 1814). Leeser's translation of Johlson's "Shoreshe ha-Dat" has already been mentioned. A. P. Mendes published "The Law of Moses" (revised, London, 1870). He speaks of five "revelations": (1) to Adam ...Benjamin Szold, H. A. Henry, J. Mendes de Solla, N. S. Joseph, Julius Katzenberg, H. Loeb, I. Mayer, E. Pike, Gustave Gottheil, J. S. Goldammer, Joseph Strauss (London, 1895), M. Friedlander (London, 1896, 4th edition...
PEDIGREE – ...FleckelesFoa*FonsecaForti (M)*FouldFrancia*Franco*Franco-MendesFrank (F)FRÄNKEL (L)Frankel-Spira (P)Franks ...MedinaMeisel (P)Melammed (P)MELDOLA (M)MelliMendel (P)MENDELSSOHN*MENDES*MendezMenken*MesquitaMeyuḥas
AL-ḤARIZI, JUDAH B. SOLOMON B. HOPHNI – ...French by Silvestre de Sacy (Paris, 1833); and into English by F. de Sola Mendes in Jew. Chron. London, 1873. For Al-Ḥarizi's contribution to the liturgy, see Zunz, Literaturgesch...
PARODY – ...Burlesque Testaments" and parodies of the requiem first came into vogue in the early part of the century, and although there are parodies by David Raphael Polido, Samuel Mendes de Sola, Isaac Luzzatto, Wolf Buchner...
PEIXOTTO – ...not able to return with American goods; he became therefore an American citizen. He continued his mercantile career in Front street. When the Congregation Shearith Israel lost its rabbi, Gershom Mendes
MANASSEH BEN ISRAEL – ...Jahrb. für die Gesch. der Juden, pp. 85-188 (transl. by F. de Sola Mendes, in Miscellany of the Society of Hebrew Literature, second series, pp. 96 et seq., London, 1877; also separately);
  • CASTRO, DE, FAMILY – ...Joseph Mendes de Castro, London, 1694; Mordecai de Castro, Amsterdam, 1650; Moses Gomez de Castro, parnas, ib., 1784; Nissim de Castro, Constantinople, nineteenth century; Pedro Fernandes de Castro, alias ...after returned to London, where, in Dec., 1828, he married his cousin, Deborah de Jacob Mendes da Costa.In London De Castro at once took an important part in the communal life of the Bevis Marks synagogue...
    CONFERENCES, RABBINICAL – ...The first real attempt to effect a union of Orthodox congregations was made on June 8, 1898, when a convention met in New York, in which fifty congregations were represented. H. Pereira Mendes was elected ...promotion of the religious interests of Orthodox Jews. Questions of Orthodoxy in connection with the admission of members should be decided by a sub-committee of five. H. Pereira Mendes was elected permanent president ...schools; a union to send out rabbis for propaganda under the direction of the executive committee.The convention held in New York Dec. 30, 1900, under the presidency of H. P. Mendes, represented 104...
    COAT OF ARMS – ...pace copia. ["Trans. Jew. Hist. Soc. England," ii., Append., p. 166.]V04p128002.jpgFranco.Franco-Mendes (Amsterdam): Gules, a ringlet or, accompanied by three lions naissant or. Crest: Out of a mural ...Motto: Fortes fortuna adjuvat. ["Freiherrliches Taschenbuch," Gotha, 1893, p. 578.]Mendes (Amsterdam; arms of Abraham Rodrigo Mendes): Dexter, an archer: sinister, a lion rampant on a tree. Over all an...
    LONDON – ...existence. In the early days of the community almost all the names of importance were connected with Bevis Marks, e.g., the Cortissos, Lagunas, Mendes, Pimentels, Samudas, Salvadors, Sarmentos, Suassos, and ...community had brought its members in contact with the main currents of culture. One of the Sephardim, Emanuel Mendes da Costa, had been secretary of the Royal Society; and his brother Solomon had presented to the newly...
    PORTUGAL – ...had mortgaged to the Jews (J. Mendes dos Remedios, "Os Judeus em Portugal," p. 427). Further, Affonso III. organized the internal affairs of the Jews of his kingdom, to whom Affonso I. had already granted ...bibliographyitem">Rios, Hist. i. 266; ii. 185, 265, 455; iii. 179, 334; Kayserling, Gesch. der Juden in Portugal, Berlin, 1867; J. Mendes dos Remedios, Os...
    CEMETERY – ...Salfeld, Martyrologium, p. 428.For Newport: Publications Am. Jew. Hist. Soc. vi. 61, 67; A. P. Mendes, in Rhode Island Hist. Magazine, vi. 84-105...
    INQUISITION – Origin. Court for the punishment of heretics and infidels, established as early as the reigns of the emperors Theodosius and Justinian, though not under that name. Little was heard of this institution until the beginning of the
    DRAMA, HEBREW – ...Letteris was the first translator of dramas into Hebrew. But if the adaptations of Letteris are considered to be translations merely, the priority must be given to David Franco-Mendes, of the end of the eighteenth...
    DRAMA, THE JEW IN MODERN – ...necessary to say that it was not successful.Other French plays on Jewish subjects were Anicet Bourgeois' "L'Impératrice et la Juive"; Catulle Mendes' "Les Mères Ennemies" (introducing a rabbi
    MARYLAND – ...46-62; correspondence and records in the possession of Mr. Mendes Cohen, Baltimore, Md.A.
    MEDALS – ...reverse, two geniuses; 42 mm.1810. Building of the synagogue at Bordeaux: inscriptions on both sides; 35 mm.c. 1816. Gershom Mendes Seixas: obverse, bust and inscription.1820. Four hundred...
    LISBON – ...Bibliography: Kayserling, Gesch. der Juden in Portugal, Leipsic, 1867; J. Mendes dos Remedios, Os Judeos em...
    NEW YORK – Chief commercial city of the state of New York and the largest city of the United States; contains a larger Jewish population than any other city in the world.History: When Jews settled in New York, about 1654, during the Dutch
    AGRICULTURAL COLONIES IN THE UNITED STATES – ...Alliance Land Trust being formed by Henry S. Henry, Isaac Eppinger, Leopold Gershel, Leonard Lewisohn, S. Muhr, F. de Sola Mendes, and others. About $7,000 was devoted to the completion of the purchase of the land in...
    AMERICA – ...minister of the congregation, Gershom Mendes Seixas, who, upon the occupation of New York by the British, took all the belongings of the synagogue and, with quite a number of the members, removed to Philadelphia ...time the formation of any regular congregation. When the British troops occupied New York during the Revolutionary War, the minister, Gershom Mendes Seixas, with a considerable portion of the New York congregation...
    MARANO – ...80,000 gold crowns to Emperor Charles V. if he would mitigate the harshness of the Inquisition ("R. E. J." xxxvii. 270 et seq.). All these sacrifices, however, especially those made by the Mendes of Lisbon...
    MEDICINE – In Bible and Talmud: The ancient Hebrew regarded health and disease as emanating from the same divine source. "I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal" (Deut. xxxii. 39), said the Lord through His servant Moses; and
    ENGLAND – ...Mendes da Costa and Augustine Coronel-Chacon, during his exile. In 1664 a further attempt was made by the Earl of Berkshire and Mr. Ricaut to bring about the expulsion of the Jews, but the king in council assured...
    NETHERLANDS – ...the marriage of Isaac Curiel and Abigail de Pinto, that of Moses de Pinto and his cousin Elizabeth (1768), and that of Sarah Teixeira and Jacob Franco Mendes, at The Hague (March 30, 1771); and in Oct., 1772, he...
    UNITED STATES – ...headed by Gershom Mendes Seixas, took all the belongings of the synagogue and removed to Philadelphia, where they established the first regular congregation, the Mickvé Israel ...with the arrival of Gershom Mendes Seixas, gave the community sufficient strength to carry out this cherished object. A lot was purchased and a synagogue erected, the dedication occurring in Sept., 1782. A number...
    PSEUDONYMOUS LITERATURE AND WRITERS – ...Moses Schatzkes (Z. p. 55). = David Kahan ("Ḥokmat Yehudah," 1892). = David Franco-Mendes.
    LITERATURE, MODERN HEBREW – ...stimulated a host of imitators among writers removed from modern literary centers.At Amsterdam, Luzzatto's pupil, David Franco Mendes (1713-92), in his imitations of Racine ("Gemul 'Atalyah") and of Metastasio...
    BIBLE TRANSLATIONS – The Targums. Jewish translations of the Old Testament were made from time to time by Jews, in order to satisfy the needs, both in public service and in private life, of those that had gradually lost the knowledge of the ancient
    TRANSLATIONS – Into Hebrew: After the early victories of the Mohammedans and the consequent spread of Arabic civilization, the Jews of the Eastern countries became familiar with and adopted to a large extent the Arabic language; so much so