German philologist; born at Glogau, Silesia, Jan. 1, 1796; died at Halle Dec. 5, 1855. He was educated at the Graue Kloster in Berlin and at the universities of Breslau and Berlin (Ph.D. 1818). He embraced Christianity in 1817. In 1819 he became privat-docent in the University of Halle; in 1820, assistant professor at Greifswald; and in 1825, professor of ancient philology at Halle.

Of Meier's many works may be mentioned the following: (with Schömann) "Der Attische Process" (Halle, 1827), which received the prize from the Berlin Academy of Sciences; "De Gentilitate Attica," ib. 1835; "De Andocidis Oratione Contra Alcibiadem," ib. 1836; "De Crantoris Solensis Libro Deperdito," ib. 1840; "De Proxenio sive de Publico Græcorum Hospitio," ib. 1843; "Fragmentum Lexici Rhetorici," ib. 1844; "Die Privatschiedsrichter und die Oeffentlichen Dieten Athens," ib. 1846; "De Vita Lycurgi et de Lycurgi Orationum Reliquiis," ib. 1847. In 1832 he published (at Halle) an edition of Demosthenes' speech against Midias.

From 1828 Meier was coeditor of the "Allgemeine Litteraturzeitung." He edited also (from 1830 with Kämtz; from 1842 alone) the third section of Ersch and Gruber's "Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste," and from 1852 also the first section of that work. Eckstein and Haase published in Leipsic (1861-63) a collection of Meier's essays under the title "Opuscula Academica."

  • G. Hertzberg, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie.
S. F. T. H.
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