JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
ABRAHAM IBN BOLAT – See Bolat, Abraham ibn.
ABRAHAM BRODA BEN SAUL – See Broda, Abraham, ben Saul.
ABRAHAM BRUNSCHWIG – See Braunschweig, Abraham.
ABRAHAM CABRIT – See Cabrit, Abraham.
ABRAHAM DE CASLAR BEN DAVID – See Caslari, Abraham ben David.
ABRAHAM (VITA) DE COLOGNA – An Italian rabbi, orator, and political leader; born at Mantua, 1755; died at Triest, 1832. While holding the post of rabbi of his native city he was elected a member of the Parliament of the Napoleonic kingdom of Italy, and in...
ABRAHAM OF COLOGNE (BEN ALEXANDER) – German rabbi; flourished about 1240. He was considered the most eminent pupil of Eleazar of Worms. Solomon ben Adret relates ("Teshubot," i. No. 548) that he saw Abraham when he came to the king of Castile, probably Ferdinand...
ABRAHAM CONQUE OF HEBRON – See Conque (Cuenqui),Abraham, of Hebron.
ABRAHAM BEN DANIEL – Poet and rabbi; born at Modena in 1511. For several years he was a tutor at Viadana, Modena, Rivarolo, Arezzo, and Forli, and finally he became rabbi at Ferrara. From 1536 to 1552, despite unceasing bodily ailments, he composed...
ABRAHAM IBN DAUD HALEVI – Spanish astronomer, historian, and philosopher; born at Toledo about 1110; died, according to common report, a martyr about 1180. His mother belonged to a family famed for its learning. His chronicle, a work written in 1161...
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID – See Yiẓḥaḳi, Abraham.
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF OSTROG (Volhynia) – Commentator; flourished about 1500. He wrote ("Furnace for Gold"), a commentary on the Targumim to the Pentateuch. Some also attribute to him a treatise on the thirteen hermeneutical rules of Rabbi Ishmael, published at...
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES – French Talmudic commentator; born in Provence, France, about 1125; died at Posquières, Nov. 27, 1198. Son-in-law of Abraham ben Isaac Ab-Bet-Din (RABaD II). The teachers under whose guidance he acquired most of his Talmudic...
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID PROVENÇAL – Italian Talmudist of the sixteenth century. He was a member of an illustrious family of Italian rabbis who came originally from Provence in the south of France. Abraham officiated as rabbi in Casale-Monferrato and in Mantua,...
ABRAHAM DOB BAER BEN DAVID OF OVRUCH – Rabbi of Jitomir, Russia, about 1840. His Talmudic studies were pursued under Mordecai, rabbi of Chernobyl and a disciple of Israel Ba'al Shem (Besht). He wrote homilies upon the Pentateuch, called "Bet Ḥayyim" (House of Life)...
ABRAHAM DOB BAER BEN SOLOMON – Rabbi in Orsha in the latter half of the eighteenth century. He wrote ("Abraham's Well"), containing Glosses on the First Part of the Code Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh De'ah, Shklov. 1783. D.
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER – Commentator (probably a contemporary of Elijah Mizraḥi); lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, probably at Constantinople. He wrote a supercommentary on Rashi's Bible Commentary. Only a small fragment of it, covering...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-KOHEN – Polish darshan, or preacher: flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the great-grandson of Issachar Baer, surnamed Baerman Ashkenazi, the commentator of the Rabbot. At Amsterdam, in 1673, he edited his...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI – German Talmudist; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. Probably he was a pupil of R. Meir of Rothenburg (died 1293), to whom he applied for decisions in difficult ritualistic cases. He also maintained a...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI BERUKIM – A cabalistic writer; born before 1540; lived for a long time in Jerusalem, and died at an advanced age in 1600. A pupil of Moses Cordovero and Isaac Luria (died 1572), and a man of great piety and sincerity, Abraham, by his...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH – See Pikes, Abraham.
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH BRODA – See Broda, Abraham ben Elijah.
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN – German ritualist; flourished in the fifteenth century. His epitome of the precepts governing prohibited articles of food was printed for the first time in 1599, as an appendix to the Basel edition of Isaac Düren's "Sha'are...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH OF WILNA – Russian Talmudist and author; born in Wilna about 1750; died there Dec. 14, 1808. The son of Elijah, the gaon of Wilna, a prominent Talmudist, he was educated under the supervision of his father, who was opposed to the fanciful...
ABRAHAM, ÉMILE – French playwright; born at Paris, 1833. He devoted himself entirely to the drama, as playwright, as theatrical critic, and as editor of "L'Entr'acte," the theatrical column of the "Petit Journal." Later he became general...