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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
MOSER, MOSES – German merchant known as a friend of Heine; born 1796; died at Berlin Aug. 15, 1838. He was educated for a business career, and was for a time an assistant of the banker Moses Friedländer in Berlin. Afterward he became the...
MOSES – Biblical Data: The birth of Moses occurred at a time when Pharaoh had commanded that all male children born to Hebrew captives should be thrown into the Nile (Ex. ii.; comp. i.). Jochebed, the wife of the Levite Amram, bore a...
MOSES, ASSUMPTION OF – See Apocalyptic Literature.
MOSES, BLESSING OF – Biblical Data: Name given to the chapter in Deuteronomy (xxxiii.) containing the prophetic utterances of Moses concerning the destiny of the twelve tribes, which he had led to the boundary of Palestine. Moses begins with praise...
MOSES, CHILDREN OF – In Babylon. The legendary descendants of Moses who dwell beyond the mythical River Sambaṭion. The pathetic conception of the Jewish exiles weeping by the waters of Babylon, and refusing to sing the songs of Zion in a strange...
MOSES BEN AARON – Moravian and German rabbi; born at Lemberg about 1705; died at Nikolsburg, Moravia, Dec. 28, 1757. After having studied in the yeshibah of Nikolsburg, Moses, then a youth of twenty, was appointed rabbi of Leipnik, Moravia. A few...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM ABINU – Christian convert to Judaism; printer and author; born at Nikolsburg; died at Amsterdam in 1733 or 1734. According to Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." iii., No. 1510b), Moses ben Abraham was a native of Prague, and was circumcised at...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM HA-ḲADOSH – Lithuanian rabbi; born probably at Brest-Litovsk in the beginning of the seventeenth century; died at Grodno April 28, 1681. On the maternal side he was a grandson of R. Höschel of Brest-Litovsk, in whose yeshibah he first...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM OF NÎMES – Liturgical poet and astronomer; lived at Avignon in the second half of the fifteenth century. He was the author of a liturgical poem composed at Avignon in 1462 (published, with the religious controversy of Jehiel of Paris, at...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM OF PONTOISE – Tosafist; lived in the twelfth century. He was a disciple of Jacob Tam, with whom he carried on an active scientific correspondence, and was one of the members of the assembly presided over by him. Moses was the author of a...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM PROVENÇAL – Rabbi of Mantua about the middle of the sixteenth century. In opposition to the opinion of Meïr Katzenellenbogen of Padua and of others, he gave his approbation to the first edition of the Zohar, which was printed in Mantua,...
MOSES AÇAN (ḤAZZAN) DE ZARAGUA – Spanish poet; born in Catalonia; perhaps the Moses Açan who lived in Cuenca, and who, when King Alfonso X. (the Wise) was staying there in 1271, brought him the news of the conspiracy of the infante Philip with the grandees of...
MOSES, ADOLPH – American rabbi; born at Kletchevo, Prussian Poland, May 3, 1840; died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 7, 1902. He was a son of Israel Baruch Moses, from whom he received his early Talmudic training. For three years he attended the...
MOSES BEN AMRAM HA-PARSI – See Musa of Tiflis.
MOSES OF ARLES – French scholar of the second half of the tenth century. Moses is the earliest scholar of the city of Arles of whom there is any definite knowledge. The only writing of his that has been preserved is on a halakic question...
MOSES B. ASHER – Masorite; father of Aaron; generally called Ben Asher; lived at Tiberias in the second half of the ninth century. His father, Asher, was a great-grandson of Asher the Great (or the Elder), one of the earliest Masorites of...
MOSES OF BAALBEK – See Meshwi al'Ukbari.
MOSES B. BENJAMIN HA-SOFER OF ROME – Liturgical poet of the twelfth century; he wrote several piyyuṭim for the Passover and the Feast of Weeks, as well as for some of the special Sabbaths. His piyyuṭim differ in style and composition from those of preceding...
MOSES B. BENJAMIN WOLF – Polish physician; flourished at Kalisz in the second half of the seventeenth century. He wrote in Yiddish two medical works: (1) "Yerushat Mosheh" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1677); and (2) "Yarim Mosheh" (ib. and Amsterdam, 1679),...
MOSES BOTAREL – Spanish scholar; lived in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was a pupil of Jacob Sefardi (the Spaniard), who instructed him in the Cabala. He studied also medicine and philosophy; the latter he regarded as a divine...
MOSES BOTAREL FARISSOL – Astronomer and mathematician of the second half of the fifteenth century. He wrote a work on the calendar entitled "Meleket ha-Ḳebi'ah," and compiled, under the title "Nofet Ẓufim," calendric tables. Both these works, in...
MOSES CORDOVERO – Physician; lived at Leghorn in the seventeenth century. Conforte praises him as a good physician, and also on account of his scholarship and philanthropy. He was always eager to secure the release of prisoners, through...
MOSES CORDOVERO – See Remak.
MOSES OF CRETE – Pseudo-Messiah of the middle of the fifth century. In spite of Ashi's efforts to restrain within limits the expectation of the coming of the Messiah, a belief was spread that the Messiah would come in the eighty-fifth jubilee...
MOSES BEN DANIEL OF ROHATYN – Galician author of the end of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Sugyot ha-Talmud," a methodology of the Talmud and its commentaries (Zolkiev, 1693). According to the preface, the author was a resident of Zolkiev,...