JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
ṬA'AMIM – See Accents; Cantillation.
TA'ANIT – Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to the fast-days, the practises peculiar to them, and the prayers which must be said thereon. In most editions this treatise is the ninth in the mishnaic order...
TABERNACLE – The portable tent-like structure that served the Israelites as a sanctuary during their wanderings in the wilderness and in the early period of their life in Palestine. It is chiefly in Ex. xxvi. and its parallel, ib. xxxvi....
TABERNACLES, FEAST OF – Name. —Biblical Data: Third of the great festivals on which all males were required to make pilgrimages to the Temple at Jerusalem. The celebration of this festival begins on the fifteenth day of the seventh month (Tishri)....
ṬABI – 1. Slave of Gamaliel II., known for his acquaintance with the Talmudic laws and for his piety; mentioned in several instances in the Mishnah. During the Feast of Tabernacles, Ṭabi used to sleep under the bed in the booth. In...
TABLE – See Furniture, Household.
TABLE, GOLDEN – See Showbread.
TABLES OF THE LAW – Tablets containing the Ten Commandments.—Biblical Data: Moses, bidden to go up to God on the mountain to receive "tables of stone, and a law ["Torah"], and commandments ["miẓwot"]" (Ex. xxiv. 12, R. V.), is given "two tables of...
TABOR – 1. Mountain of Palestine, the modern Jabal al-Ṭur, on the northern edge of the plain of Jezreel. It is a dome-shaped hill with softly rounded outlines, and rises about 400 m. above the surrounding plain and 562 m. above...
TÁBÓRI, ROBERT – Hungarian author; born at Almas Nov. 10, 1855; educated at Baja, Budapest, and Vienna. He began his literary career in 1874 as a journalist on the Vienna "Fremdenblatt," later joining the staff of the "Morgenpost." From 1887 to...
TABYOMI – Babylonian amora of the fifth century; died at the end of Yom Kippur, 468. He achieved a reputation as a teacher of the Law even during the lifetime of his father, Ashi, the famous director of the Academy of Sura (see Ber. 26a;...
TACHAU – City in Bohemia, thirty-three miles west of Pilsen; seat of one of the oldest Jewish communities of the country, as is shown by the remains of an ancient Jewish cemetery. R. Samuel b. Ḥasdai, a contemporary of Isaac Or Zarua' of...
TACITUS – See Classical Writers and the Jews.
TADMOR – See Palmyra.
TADSHE – See Midrash.
TAGIN – Decorative "crowns" which are sometimes placed on the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The taga is regularly composed of three flourishes or strokes, each of which resembles a small "zayin" and is called "ziyyun" ( = "armor,"...
TAḤANUN – Prostration. Letters with Tagin, as Described in "Sefer ha-Tagin."(Compare "Sefer ha-Tagin," opposite p. 55; Vitry Maḥzor, opposite p. 800).Prayer for grace; said after the "'Amidah" of the morning ("shaḥarit") and afternoon...
ṬAHARAH – Ceremony of washing a dead body before burial. This rite is performed by the members ("mit'assekim") of the "ḥebra ḳaddisha." The body is lifted from the ground, where it has been placed after death, and laid, feet toward the...
TAḤASH – A word translated in the A. V. by "badger." Taḥash-skins were used in making the outer covering of the tent of meeting (Ex. xxvi. 14), and covers for various utensils used in the Tabernacle: for the Ark of the Covenant (Num. iv....
TAḤKEMONI – See Al-Ḥarizi, Judah.
TAIKOS (V11p669002.jpg), GEDALIAH BEN ABRAHAM MENAHEM – German scholar of the eighteenth century. Under the title "Be'er ha-Torah" he translated into German the Pentateuch, the Hafṭarot, and the Five Scrolls, and published the work in Amsterdam in 1758. Taikos was the author of:...
ṬAIṬAZAḲ – Name of a prominent Spanish family, several members of which distinguished themselves as Talmudic authorities. Various opinions have been expressed as to the origin of the name, the exact orthography and signification of which...
TAḲḲANAH – An enactment which (1) revises an ordinance that no longer satisfies the requirements of the times or circumstances, or which (2), being deduced from a Biblical passage, may be regarded as new. It is, therefore, the antithesis...
ṬAL – See Geshem.
TAL, TOBIAS – Dutch rabbi; born at Amsterdam 1847; died at The Hague Oct. 24, 1898; studied at Dünner's theological seminary (1862-74) and at the University of Utrecht (D.D. 1874). After officiating for a short time as rabbi at Amsterdam, Tal...