The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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River flowing from Hermon south of Damascus, where it turns to the southeast and flows into the Lakes of the Marj. Thomson identifies the stream with Al-A'waj; G. A. Smith and Socin (in Baedeker) with Al-Sabirani, which unites with the A'waj before it reaches the lakes. Being advised by the prophet Elisha to bathe in the Jordan, Naaman demurred, exclaiming: "Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel?" (II Kings v. 12).

  • Schwarz, Palestine, p. 54;
  • Thomson, The Land and the Book, iii. 359, 398, 429;
  • Smith, Historical Geography of the Holy Land, p. 642;
  • Baedeker, Palästina, 3d ed., pp. 268, 312.
E. G. H. S. O.
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