Samaritan physician and philosopher; died near Damascus 1223. He was the court physician of Al-Malik al-'Adil, the Ayyubid prince, who ruled at Damascus. Ṣadaḳah was the author of: "Sharh Fuṣul Buḳraṭ" a commentary on Hippocrates; "Kitab fi al-Nafs wal-Ruḥ," on the soul and spirit; "Al-Kunz fi al-Fauz," on the unity of God; "Kitab al-I'tiḳad," on dogmatics. In addition to these works, which, according to Ibn Abi Uṣaibiah and Hajji Khalfa, are still extant in manuscript, Ṣadaḳah is said to have composed commentaries on the Pentateuch.

  • Hajji Khalfa, ii. 463; iv. 438; v. 165, 257;
  • Drabkin, Fragmenta Commentarii ad Pentateuchum Samaritanum-Arabicum, Leipsic, 1875;
  • John W. Nutt, A Sketch of Samaritan History, Dogma, and Literature, p. 138, London, 1874;
  • Wreschner, Samaritanische Traditionen, p. xix., Berlin, 1888.
S. I. Br.
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