SID, SIDI (Arabic, "lord," "noble"):

Common family name among Eastern Jews, borne by several rabbinical authors.

Abraham Moses Sid:

Servian rabbinical author; born at Nish 1842; died there 1876. He wrote many works, of which the only ones printed are the following: "Tasheb Enosh" (Salonica, 1869), a work on ethics in thirty chapters; "Ḥippazon Pesaḥ" (ib. 1870), on the Passover laws; "Keẓir Ḥiṭṭim" (ib. 1870), commentary on the Book of Ruth.

The library of the synagogue of Nish contains four manuscript works by Sid: "Yosheb Tehillot," "Ereẓ Dagan," "Ḳab ha-Ḳemaḥ," and "'Abodat Abraham."

Judah Sid:

Bulgarian rabbinical author of the latter part of the eighteenth century; born at Dubnicza; died at Philippopolis, where he was president of the tribunal and chief rabbi during the Ottoman rule. He was the author of "Ot Emet" (Salonica, 1799), on the rules which are to be observed in the reading of the weekly lessons of the Law, and of "Ner Miẓwah" (ib. 1810), a commentary on the Pentateuch.

  • Hazan, Ha-Ma'alot li-Shelomoh, pp. 7, 47, 73.
Samuel ben Sid (called also Sidillo):

Rabbinical author, who emigrated from Spain to Cairo in 1492. His eloquence and presence of mind once saved the Jewish community from a general massacre with which it was threatened by the governor, Aḥmed-Pasha; and in commemoration of this event he instituted on Adar 28, 1524, the Cairo Purim (see Purims, Special). He was the author of the "Kelale Shemu'el," inserted in the collection "Tummat Yesharim" (Venice, 1622).

  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, p. 124.
D. M. Fr.
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