German physician; born at Filehne, Posen, July 31, 1837; died at Berlin April 14, 1881; educated at the University of Berlin (M.D. 1860). After a postgraduate course at Heidelberg he established himself in Berlin as a specialist in diseases of the chest and throat. From 1864 to 1868 he was joint editor with H. Rosenthal of the "Allgemeine Medizinische Central-Zeitung." In 1865 he became privat-docent at the Berlin University, and from 1868 until his death he edited the "Berliner Klinische Wochenschrift." In 1871 he was appointed assistant professor, and in 1877 department physician, at the Charité.

Among Waldenburg's many works may be mentioned: "De Origine et Structura Membranarum, Quæ in Tuberculis Capsulisque Verminosis Involucrum Præbent," a prize essay at the University of Berlin, 1859; "Ueber Blutaustritt und Aneurysmenbildung, Durch Parasiten Bedingt," in "Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie," 1860; "Ueber Structur und Ursprung der Wurmhaltigen Cysten," in "Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medizin," 1862; "Lehrbuch der Respiratorischen Therapie," Berlin, 1864 (2d ed. 1872); "Die Tuberkulose, die Lungenschwindsucht und Scrofulose," ib. 1869; and "Die Pneumatische Behandlung der Respirations- und Circulations-Krankheiten," ib. 1875 (2d ed. 1880).

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