City in the government of Yekaterinoslav, Russia. It has 4,000 Jews in a population of 19,000. The district of Bakhmut, including the city, has a Jewish population of 9,469 in a total of 332,171. Until 1882, the Jews of the vicinity of Bakhmut rented land for cultivation; but since the law of May 3, 1882, only 10 or 15 of them hold land in Christians' names and sublet it to peasants. There are 583 artisans among the Jews, including 185 tailors. The lamentable condition of the latter is dueto the steady influx of other Jewish artisans. The city has a Talmud Torah, a private school for Jews, and 9 "ḥeders" with 155 male pupils.

H. R. S. J.
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