Austrian playwright; born in Vienna June 29, 1841. He was first a public-school-teacher; then went on the stage, playing, among other places, in the variety theater in the Josefstadt; but he soon left the company and devoted himself to folk-songs and plays, in which field he has become very prominent. He has written more than 200 popular plays, mostly of Jewish life, and has had them performed at home and abroad with much success by a company organized by himself. Hirsch has also composed the music for his works, founding his compositions for the most part on Jewish melodies.

S. E. J.
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