ÆMILIUS, PAULUS (called also da Gin, i.e., Grynæus):

Hebrew bibliographer, publisher, and teacher; born at Rödlsee, Germany, probably in the first quarter of the sixteenth century; embraced Christianity in Rome; died 1575. He was employed in copying Hebrew manuscripts, and for this purpose visited the libraries of Paris, Louvain, and Rome. In 1544 he edited and printed at Augsburg a Judæo-German translation of the Pentateuch and the Hafṭarot, dedicating it to Widmannstadt, custodian of the Hebrew department of the Munich Library. Grünbaum ("Jüdisch-Deutsche Chrestomathie," p. 14) thinks that Æmilius copied from the Cremona edition of 1540. The translation is, on the whole, the same which is used at the present time (1901) in Poland. Perles supposes that Æmilius, together with Isaac of Günzburg, was the editor of the Judæo-German "Sefer ha-Musar" (Book of Ethics), published at Isny in 1542. In 1547 Æmilius was appointed professor of Hebrew at Ingolstadt; and in the following year he published an anti-Jewish pamphlet. In 1562 he edited a Judæo-German translation (in German characters) of the Books of Samuel, without, however, making known that it was a copy of a similar translation—though in Hebrew letters—published in Augsburg, 1543, by Ḥayyim Schwarz. In 1574 he was engaged for forty-six weeks at the Munich Library in making and revising the catalogue of Hebrew manuscripts and books. Thus Paulus Æmilius was the first Jewish bibliographer.

  • Steinschneider, Sitzungsberichte der Bayrischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Philologische Classe, ii., 1875;
  • Grünbaum, Jüdisch-Deutsche Chrestomathie, pp. 14 et seq.;
  • Perles, in Monatsschrift, 1876, pp. 363-368;
  • idem, Beiträge zur Gesch. der Hebräischen und Aramäischen Studien, pp. 155, 165, 170, Munich, 1884.
M. B.
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