Hungarian poet and writer; convert to Christianity; born at Miskolcz, Hungary, 1810; died at Berlin Aug. 2, 1876; educated at the gymnasium at Budapest and the universities of Vienna and Berlin. After an extended trip through Italy and Greece, he returned to Berlin, where he completed his studies and graduated as doctor of medicine. He established a practise in the German capital, but soon relinquished it and devoted his time entirely to literary work.

He wrote several dramas, which did not have much success. His influence as a critic was more pronounced, although his greatest work, "Gesch. des Dramas" (13 vols., Leipsic, 1865-76; Index by Ebner, 1886), was never finished. Klein's collected works appeared in seven volumes under the title "Dramatische Werke," ib. 1871-72. Among his tragedies may be mentioned "Maria von Medici,"1841; "Luines," 1842; "Zenobia," 1847; "Moreto," 1859; "Maria," 1860; "Strafford," 1862; and "Heliodora," 1867; and among his comedies, "Die Herzogin," 1848; "Ein Schützling," 1850; "Voltaire," 1852.

  • Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon;
  • Meyers Konversations-Lexikon.
S. F. T. H.
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