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LUCUAS:

Toward the end of the reign of the emperor Trajan, in 116, the Jews of Cyrene rebelled, their leader being Lucuas according to Eusebius ("Hist. Eccl." iv. 2), Andreias according to Dio Cassius (lxviii. 32). These two statements can not be harmonized, as some historians have attempted to do, by supposing that either of the two names was a symbolic one (Lucuas = "the bright or shining one,"Andreias = "the brave"); for the authors would not have passed over such an explanation in silence. Moreover, Eusebius and Dio Cassius refer to different phases of the rebellion. According to a later source, Abu al-Faraj, Lucuas sought refuge in Palestine, where he was defeated by Marcius Turbo. According to Eusebius he was proclaimed king; and the Papyrus Parisiensis No. 68 (published by Wilcken in "Hermes," xxvii. 464 et seq.) refers perhaps to him.

Bibliography:
  • Münter, Der Jüdische Krieg, p. 18;
  • Krauss, in R. E. J. xxx. 206;
  • Grätz, Gesch. 3d ed., iv. 115;
  • Schürer, Gesch. 3d ed., i. 665.
G. S. Kr.
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