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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KAB – See Weights and Measures.
KA'B AL-AḤBAR – One of the most prominent fathers of Moslem tradition, and one of those who introduced into this branch of Arab literature the method as well as many details of the Jewish Haggadah; died 32 or 35 a.h. (652 or 655 C.E.). Of his...
KA'B AL-ASHRAF – Jewish poet of Medina and an implacable enemy of Mohammed. His father was an Arab of the family of Nabhan (a branch of the tribe of Ṭayy), but his mother was a Jewess of the Banu al-Naḍir. His father having died early, Ka'b was...
ḲABBALAH – See Cabala.
ḲABIṢI, ABRAHAM AL- – Printer in Constantinople in the sixteenth century. Together with Judah Sason and Moses ben Joseph Hamon he published "Toledot Adam we-Ḥawwah" by Jeroham ben Meshullam (Constantinople, 1516).Bibliography: Steinschneider,...
KABOS, EDUARD – Hungarian journalist and writer; born Dec. 2, 1864, at Nagy-Karoly. He entered the University of Budapest for the purpose of studying modern philology, intending to become a teacher, but adopted journalism instead. He at first...
ḲADDISH – Name of the doxology recited, with congregational responses, at the close of the prayers in the synagogue; originally, and now frequently, recited after Scripture readings and religious discourses in schoolhouse or synagogue. It...
KADELBURG, GUSTAV – German actor and dramatist; born Jan. 26, 1851. He made his first appearance at Leipsic in 1869, and two years later played at the Wallnertheater, Berlin. He was very successful in comedy parts, but abandoned the stage to write...
KADESH – A place on the western frontier of Edom, in the "wilderness of Paran," "eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir" (Num. xiii. 26, xx. 16; Deut. i. 2). In whole or in part, the same region was apparently known...
KADISCH, ZERAH B. MEÏR, OF PRAGUE – Teacher in Rechnitz, Hungary, in the first half of the nineteenth century. In the preface of his "Oẓar ha-Ḥayyim" (Prague, 1832) he states that, incapacitated by sickness after many years of teaching, he embodied the results of...
KAEMPF, SAUL ISAAC – Austrian rabbi and Orientalist; born at Lissa, Posen, May 6, 1818; died at Prague Oct. 16, 1892. He received his first lessons from his father, Aaron Jacob Kaempf, a Talmudic scholar, and then entered the gymnasium atBerlin and...
KAF – Eleventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name is generally taken to mean "hollow of the hand," to which the shape of the letter has a near resemblance (see Alphabet). Kaf belongs to the six consonants called "mutes," and has...
KAFFA – Town in the Crimea, Russia. It existed as a Greek colony at the beginning of the common era, and, like the rest of such colonies, it undoubtedly had some Jewish inhabitants. It was destroyed in the second century, and was...
ḲAHAL – A Hebrew word meaning "assembly" or "community," and applied formerly to the local governments of the Jewish communities in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia. Its organization had, however, been established, in part at least, in...
KAHAN, ABRAHAM – Russian Hebrew author; born Dec. 19, 1874, at Skomorochy, near Jitomir. He has written or edited the following works: an anthology of S. D. Luzzatto's letters, translated from the Italian into Hebrew, Odessa, 1896; "Debar...
KAHANA, ABRAHAM ARYEH LÖB – Russian rabbi of the eighteenth century; author of "Or ha-Ne'erab," Talmudic commentary, with supplementary notes by his son Solomon Zalman Kahana (Ostrog, 1804). He also left in manuscript "Dibre Ḥemed," sermons, etc., and "Zer...
KAHANA, DAVID – See Kohn (Kahana), David.
KAHANA, ELIEZER BEN REUBEN – Preacher and homiletic exegete in Karlin at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote: "Siaḥ Sefunim" (Zolkiev, 1751-52), a commentary on the Five Rolls, each of them having its special subtitle; and "Ṭa'ame Torah" (ib....
KAHANA, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM – Rabbinical author; died in Wilna 1826. His father was rabbi at Brestowitz, government of Grodno. Jacob was the son-in-law of R. Issachar of Wilna, brother of Elijah Wilna. He lived with his father-in-law, and was supported by...
KAHANA, RAB – Grand rabbi of Constantinople (1854-1860); born 1785; died 1860 (Franco, "Hist. des Isr. de l'Empire Ottoman," 1897).S. M. Fr.
KAHANA B. TAḤLIFA – Babylonian amora of the third century. He is mentioned only twice in the Babylonian Talmud; viz., in Men. 66b, where he refutes R. Kahana, and in 'Er. 8b, where he quotes a sentence of R. Kahana b. Minyomi, who seems to have...
KAHINAH DAHIYAH BINT THABITAH IBN TIFAN – Jewish princess of a Berber tribe likewise called Kahinah; lived in the second half of the seventh century. According to the Mohammedan historians, the most powerful tribe at the time of the Arab invasion of the Maghreb was the...
KAHIYA – Title of a political representative in Turkey. The word, pronounced "kehya" or "kyahya," is Turkish and is a corruption of the Persian "ketkhoda." It means "head man," or representative in a small village where the people...
KAHN, JOSEPH – German rabbi and preacher; born at Wawern, a small village near Treves, Sept. 2, 1809; died at Amsterdam July 10, 1875. He lost his father, the village teacher and cantor, early in life, and, probably, would have lived and died...
KAHN, LEHMAN – Belgian educationist and writer; born Sept. 9, 1827, at Breisach, Baden, Germany; educated at the Progymnasium of Breisach and at the polytechnic school and the pedagogic seminary of Carlsruhe. After occupying the position of...