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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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WIENER, MEïR – German teacher; born at Glogau June 3, 1819; died at Hanover March 31, 1880; head master of the religious school at Hanover. He made a German translation of the "Shebeṭ. Yehudah" of Solomon ibn Verga (Hanover, 1855; 2d ed. 1856;...
WIENER MITTHEILUNGEN – See Periodicals.
WIENER MONATSBLÄTTER FÜR KUNST UND LITTERATUR – See Periodicals.
WIENER-NEUSTADT – City of Austria; situated thirteen miles south of Vienna. Jews settled in this city probably shortly after its foundation in the twelfth century, records showing that Duke Frederick II., on June 9, 1239, issued an order...
WIENER VIERTELJAHRSSCHRIFT – See Periodicals.
WIENIAWSKI, HENRI – Russian violinist and composer; born at Lublin, Russian Poland, July 10, 1835; died at Moscow April 1, 1880; brother of Joseph Wieniawski. He early showed himself in possession of great musical talent, and when only eight years...
WIENIAWSKI, JOSEPH – Russian pianist and composer; born at Lublin, Poland, May 23, 1837; brother of Henri Wieniawski. He studied music under Zimmerman, Alkan, and Marmontel, and harmony under Leccoppey, at the Paris Conservatoire. After his return...
WIERNIK, PETER – Russo-American journalist; born at Wilna, Russia, in March, 1865. He received the customary Jewish education. From 1878 to 1882 he was in Riga; in 1882 he lived at Kovno; and in the following year he joined his parents at...
WIESBADEN – German town in the province of Hesse-Nassau; capital of the former duchy of Nassau. Schenk ("Gesch. der Stadt Wiesbaden") thinks that Jews lived there in the fourteenth century; but he gives no documentary evidence to support...
WIESNER, ADOLF – Austrian journalist and author; born in Prague 1807; died in New York Sept. 23, 1867. His name was originally Wiener, but, being desirous of pursuing a juridical career, which was not then possible for a Jew in Austria, he...
WIFE – See Husband and Wife.
WIG – A covering for the head, consisting of false hair interwoven with or united to a kind of cap or netting. Wearing false hair on the head to supplement a scanty natural supply, or as an adornment, appears to have been a common...
WIGA, JUDAH – Polish preacher of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The name so written is given by Sternberg ("Gesch. der Juden in Polen," p. 183), apparently taken from Polish sources, and ascribed to a famous preacher of Lublin....
WIHL, LUDWIG – German poet and philologist; born at Wevelingen, Prussia, Oct. 24, 1807; died at Brussels Jan. 16, 1882; educated at Krefeld, Cologne, Bonn, and Munich (Ph.D. 1830). In his "Anfänge der Kunst Unter den Griechen in Verbindung mit...
WILCZYNSKI, ERNEST JULIUS – American mathematician; born in Hamburg, Germany, Nov. 13, 1876. He went with his parents in 1885 to America, where he attended the Chicago high school. Returning to Germany in 1893, he studied astronomy and mathematics at the...
WILD ASS – Rendering used in Gen. xvi. 12 (R. V.), Job vi. 5, xi. 12, xxiv. 5, xxxix. 5, Ps. civ. 11, Isa. xxxii. 14, Jer. xiv. 6, and Hos. viii. 9 for the Hebrew "pere," and in Jer. ii. 24 for "pereh";in Job xxxix. 5 for the Hebrew...
WILD BULL – See Unicorn.
WILD GOAT – See Goat.
WILD OX – See Antelope; Unicorn.
WILDA, WILHELM EDUARD – German jurist; born at Altona Aug. 17, 1800; died at Kiel Aug. 9, 1856; educated at the Johanneum of Hamburg and the universities of Göttingen, Heidelberg, Kiel, and Copenhagen. The year 1826 was passed partly in Berlin and...
WILDERNESS – An examination of the Hebrew terms rendered "wilderness" or "desert" in the English versions shows that these translations are inadequate and misleading. "Ḥorbah" implies violent destruction; and it is more exactly rendered by...
WILDERNESS, WANDERINGS IN THE – Stages of Wanderings. —Biblical Data: Next to the Exodus, the remembrance of the wanderings in the desert for a period corresponding to the life of a generation (see Forty) is central to the historic consciousness of Israel....
WILENKIN – See Minski, Nicolai Maksimovich.
WILENKIN, GREGORY – Russian government official; born at Tsarskoye-Selo, near St. Petersburg, Russia, Feb. 22, 1864. He is a member of an ancient Russian Jewish family which has held landed estates for the last two centuries, and he counts among...
WILKESBARRE – County-seat and principal city of Luzerne county, Pa. Evidence points to 1838 as the date of arrival of the first Jewish settlers, among whom Martin Long, a Bavarian, was the most prominent. Two years later a society was...