JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
SHAVING – The Mosaic law prohibits shaving the corners of the head and of the beard (Lev. xix. 27), the priests being particularly enjoined not to desecrate their persons by violating the latter prohibition (ib. xxi. 5). The prophet says:...
SHE-HEḤEYANU – The benediction "Blessed be the Lord, our God, King of the Universe, who has kept us alive ["she-heḥeyanu"] and sustained us and welcomed us to this season"; in actual usage the blessing begins with the words "She-heḥeyanu,"the...
SHEALTIEL ḤEM – See Gracian, Shealtiel (Ḥen).
SHEAR-JASHUB – Son of the prophet Isaiah; so named by his father as a prophecy that God would restore the Remnant of His people or that "the remnants of Jacob shall return unto the mighty God" (Isa. x. 21). Isaiah took his son with him when he...
SHEBA – See Sabeans.
SHEBA, QUEEN OF – In the Bible, Josephus, and the Talmud. Monarch of a south-Arabian tribe, and contemporary with Solomon, whom she visited. The Queen of Sheba, hearing of the wisdom and wealth of Solomon, visited him at Jerusalem, accompanied by...
SHEBA' ḲEHILLOT – Designation of the following seven populous Jewish communities in the counties of Oedenburg (Sopron) and Wieselburg (Mosony), Hungary: (1) Eisenstadt (Hungarian, Kis-Marton); (2) Deutsch-Kreutz (Német-Keresztur; Judæo-German, );...
SHEBARIM – See Shofar.
SHEBAṬ – Eleventh ecclesiastical and fifth civil month of the Jewish year (Zech. i. 7); I Macc. xvi.), corresponding to January-February, and always consisting of thirty days. The 1st of Shebaṭ, according to the school of Shammai, or the...
SHEBI'IT – Contents. Treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Palestinian Talmud. It belongs to the order Zera'im, in which it stands fifth, and is divided into ten chapters, containing eighty-nine paragraphs in all. According to the Law in...
SHEBNA – Chamberlain of the king's palace, the office being filled also by Jotham (II Kings xv. 5). Shebna may be identified with the officer designated as "ha-soken" (Isa. xxii 15-19), probably a caretaker or steward (see Bloch,...
SHEBU'OT – Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds, dealing chiefly with the various forms of the oath. In most of the editions it is the sixth treatise of the order Neziḳin, and is divided into eight chapters, containing...
SHECHEM – Earliest Mention. 1. City of central Palestine; called Sichem in Gen. xii. 6, A. V.; Shalem, according to some commentators, ib. xxxiii. 18; Sychem in Acts vii. 16; and Sychar in John iv. 5. Its situation is indicated as in...
SHEDIM – See Demonology.
SHE'EH NE'ESAR – The pizmon or responsory hymn in the Seliḥot of the fast of the Seventeenth of Tammuz, the "fast of the fourth month" in Zech. viii. 19. It is signed with the acrostic Shelomoh (Ibn Gabirol; comp. Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p....
SHE'ELOT U-TESHUBOT – The Hebrew designation for the "responsa prudentium," connoting the written decisions and rulings given by eminent rabbis, teachers, or heads of academies to questions addressed to them in writing. These responsa constitute a...
SHEEP – Biblical Data: The most usual terms for the sheep are "seh" and "kebes" ("keseb"); "kar" (Deut. xxxii. 14; Isa. lviii. 7) denotes the young lamb in pasture; "ṭeleh" (Isa. xl. 11 et al.), the suckling lamb; "ayil," the ram;...
SHEEPFOLD – See Shepherd.
SHEFAR'AM – Place in Palestine, three hours distant from Haifa, governed by a mudir. In the second century it served as a refuge for the Sanhedrin (see Usha). Nothing is known of the early history of its Jewish community, which was probably...
SHEFELAH – See Palestine.
SHEFTALL (SHEFTAIL) – American family, well known in Georgia, members of which are at present living in Savannah.Benjamin Sheftall: American merchant; born in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Savannah. He was one of forty...
SHEḤIṬAH – Origin Traditional. The ritual slaughtering of animals. While the practise that prevailed among the nations of antiquity other than the Hebrews, of cutting off a limb from a living animal and eating it, is condemned in several...
SHEIN, PAVEL VASILYEVICH – Russian ethnographer; born in 1826; died at Riga Aug. 14, 1900. He studied at the University of Moscow, and after conversion to Protestantism he became in the fifties a teacher of Russian in the district school of Tula and later...
SHEITEL – See Wig.
SHEḲALIM – Treatise of the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and the Jerusalem Talmud, dealing with the half-shekel tax which was imposed for defraying the expenses of the Temple service (comp. Ex. xxx. 12 et seq.; Neh. x. 33); also with the other...