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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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WOLFENSTEIN, MARTHA – American authoress; born at Insterburg, Prussia, Aug. 5, 1869. During her infancy her parents emigrated to the United States, settling in Cleveland, Ohio, in the public schools of which city she received her education.Martha...
WOLFF – American family which derives its origin from the Robles family of Surinam, Dutch Guiana. The following is the family tree:Wolff Pedigree.
WOLFF, AARON – Danish merchant; born in the Island of Saint Christopher on Aug. 6, 1795; died in London, England, Jan. 12, 1872. He was a descendant of Daniel Robles de Fonseca. Soon after 1814 he removed to the Island of St. Thomas, Danish...
WOLFF, ABRAHAM ALEXANDER – German rabbi; born at Darmstadt April 29, 1801; died at Copenhagen Dec. 3, 1891. His first teacher was his father, Alexander Wolff, a merchant, who was well versed in the Talmud and who destined his son for a rabbinical career....
WOLFF, JOSEPH – Friendship with Henry Drummond. Missionary and Oriental traveler; born at Weilersbach, near Bamberg, Germany, in 1795; died at Ile Brewers, Somerset, England, May 2, 1862. His father, who was rabbi at Württemberg, sent him to...
WOLFF, JOSEPH – Russian historian; born at St. Petersburg; died at Heidelberg 1900. The son of a book-dealer, he early developed a passion for reading historical works. After coṃpleting a course of study at the gymnasium of his native city, he...
WOLFF, JULIUS – German surgeon; born at Märkisch Friedland, West Prussia, March 21, 1836; died at Berlin Feb. 18, 1902. He received his education at the Grauekloster Gymnasium, and at the University of Berlin, graduating in 1860, whereupon he...
WOLFF, MAURICE – Swedish rabbi; born in 1824 at Meseritz, Prussia, where his father officiated as rabbi. He studied at the universities of Berlin and Leipsic, and was in 1849 appointed rabbi in Culm, Prussia, whence he was called in 1857 to the...
WOLFF, OSKAR LUDWIG BERNHARD – German improvisator and novelist; born at Altona July 26, 1799; died at Jena Sept. 13, 1851. He early manifested an unusual aptitude for acquiring languages, and while still in college he translated Shakespeare's "Macbeth" into...
WOLFF, ULLA – German authoress; born at Gleiwitz, Silesia, April 2, 1850; daughter of Max Hirschfeld. She received her education at home and in Breslau and Vienna. In 1880 she took up her residence in Berlin, where she still lives (1905). In...
WOLFFSON, ISAAC – German jurist and politician; born Jan. 19, 1817; died at Hamburg Oct. 12, 1895. He was prominent in German politics, and prior to 1871 was a member of the North German Reichstag, being afterward elected to the German Reichstag....
WOLFKAN OF RATISBON – Jewish convert to Christianity and traducer of the Jews; lived in the second half of the fifteenth century. He was prominent in the Simon of Trent affair (1475), on which occasion he, in order to vent his spite against his...
WOLFLEIN OF LOCHAMEN (LOCHHEIM) – Medieval Bavarian litterateur; known for his compilation of the so-called "Lochheimer Liederbuch" (about 1450), a collection of medieval German folk-songs, numerically arranged. Under No. 15 appears the following dedication in...
WÖLFLER, BERNARD – Austrian physician; born at Praschnoaugezd, Bohemia, Dec. 8, 1816. After having studied philosophy at the gymnasium of Prague, he attended the University of Vienna (1836-42), where he devoted himself to the study of medicine....
WOLFNER, THEODORE – Hungarian deputy; born at Uj-Pest June 18, 1864; educated at the gymnasium and at the school of technology at Budapest. After spending some time in his father's tannery in order to acquire a practical knowledge of the...
WOLFSOHN, AARON – See Halle, Aaron ben Wolf.
WOLFSOHN, WILHELM – German poet and essayist; born at Odessa Oct. 20, 1820; died at Dresden Aug. 13, 1865; studied medicine and philosophy at Leipsic. He began his literary career with translations from Latin into German under the pseudonym Carl...
WOLLEMBORG, LEONE – Italian economist; born at Padua 1859; graduated from the university of his native city (1878). He made a special study of political economy, and his most noteworthy achievement was the establishment of rural savings-banks for...
WOLLHEIM, ANTON EDUARD W. DA FONSECA – German playwright and journalist; born in Hamburg Feb. 12, 1810; died in Berlin Oct. 24, 1884; studied at the University of Berlin (Ph.D. 1831). Shortly after the completion of his studies he removed to Paris, where he became...
WOLOWSKI – Polish family, several members of which became converted to Christianity. It flourished in southern Poland in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and was directly descended from Osias Tebu'at-Shor. It was not until the...
WOLPER, MICHAEL – Russian educator and author; born in Wilna 1852; educated in the rabbinical school of his native city. He was graduated in 1872, since when he has been active as a teacher in Jewish elementary schools. At present (1905) he...
WOMAN, CREATION OF – See Eve.
WOMAN, RIGHTS OF – The problem of the rights of woman in Jewish law and custom is presented mainly in five phases: (1) the power of the father over his daughter; (2) woman's right of inheritance; (3) the powers and duties of the husband; (4)...
WOOD FESTIVAL, THE – See Ab, Fifteenth Day of.
WOODBINE – Early Development. Borough in Cape May county, New Jersey; established as an industrial village Aug. 28, 1891; incorporated as a borough in April, 1903. It is situated on a tract of land which originally comprised 5,300 acres,...