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MENAHEM OF MERSEBURG – German author; lived between 1420 and 1450. Of his life few details are known. Jacob Weil (Responsa, No. 133) speaks of him as a great and prominent scholar; and he is mentioned also by Judah Minz, and by Solomon Luria in his...
MENAHEM B. MICHAEL B. JOSEPH HA-ḲARA'I – Karaite philosopher and poet; born in Babylon; a contemporary of Saadia. He corresponded with David al-Muḳammaṣ, whom he had met in Babylon, on philosophical subjects, and perhaps also regarding the Karaite "sheḥiṭah."...
MENAHEM B. MOSES TAMAR – Poet and commentator; probably a pupil of Mordecai Comtino of Constantinople; flourished in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries at Adrianople or Philippopolis. He wrote commentaries to the books of Proverbs, Ruth, and Esther,...
MENAḤEM OBEL – See Mourning.
MENAHEM BEN PEREZ OF JOIGNY – French tosafist and Biblical commentator of the twelfth century. Zadoc Kahn ("R. E. J." iii. 7) identifies him with Menahem the Saint mentioned in Tos. Ḥul. 11b; and he conjectures that Menahem was killed at Bray-sur-Seine in...
MENAHEM PORTO – See Porto.
MENAHEM OF RECANATI – See Recanati.
MENAHEM BEN SARUḲ (MENAHEM B. JACOB IBN SARUḲ) – Spanish philologist of the tenth century. He was a native of Tortosa, and went, apparently at an early age, to Cordova, where he found a patron in Isaac, the father of the subsequent statesman Ḥasdai ibn Shaprut. At Isaac's...
MENAHEM BEN SIMEON – French Biblical commentator at the end of the twelfth century; a native of Posquières and a pupil of Joseph Ḳimḥi. The Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (MS. No. 192, 1-2), contains Menahem's commentary to the books of Jeremiah and...
MENAHEM B. SOLOMON B. ISAAC – Author of the "Sekel Ṭob" and the "Eben Boḥan"; flourished in the first half of the twelfth century. The presence of twenty-five Italian glosses in his works indicates that he lived in Italy. The "Sekel Ṭob," written in 1139 at...
MENAHEM OF TIKTIN (MaHaRaM TIKTIN; MENAHEM DAVID BEN ISAAC) – Polish rabbi and author of the sixteenth century; pupil of Moses Isserles. Menahem occupied himself with emending and annotating various texts; his notes on the halakot of Isaac Alfasi and Mordecai b. Hillel have been published...
MENAHEM VARDIMAS BEN PEREZ THE ELDER – French tosafist and liturgist; died at Dreux 1224. The name "Vardimas," found in Talmud Babli (Shab. 118b) as a bye-name of Menahem bar Jose, was adopted by this tosafist probably to distinguish him from other persons bearing...
MENAHEM BEN ẒEBI – German rabbi; died at Posen(?) in 1724. He was the pupil of R. Heschel and of Aaron Samuel Kaidanover (author of "Birkat ha-Zebaḥ"). He wrote: "Ẓinẓenet Menaḥem" (Berlin, 1719), an elucidation of difficult passages in the...
MENAHEM ZIONI (ẒIYYUNI) B. MEÏR OF SPEYER – Cabalist of the middle of the fifteenth century; author of the cabalistic commentary "Ẓiyyuni," from which he derives his name. He based his work upon Rashi and Naḥmanides, and especially upon the old cabalistic literature of...
MENAHEM-ZION BEN SOLOMON – Polish rabbi and preacher; died at Altona in 1681. He was at first rabbi of Vladislav, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, and then dayyan at Cracow. He wrote a work entitled "Neḥamot Ẓiyyon" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1677), a...
MENAḤOT – Treatise in the Mishnah, in the Tosefta, and in the Babylonian Talmud. It discusses chiefly the more precise details of the regulations governing the different kinds of meat-offering mentioned in Lev. ii. 5, 11-13; vi. 7-11;...
MENAḲḲER – See Porging.
MENANDER – 1. Putative author of a collection of proverbs, in a Syriac manuscript in the British Museum, edited in 1862 by Land, and bearing the superscription, "The sage Menander said." Either this Menander was a real person, a...
MENDE – Capital of the ancient county of Gévaudan; now chief town in the department of Lozère, France. In the twelfth century a Jewish community existed here, having a synagogue, whose ruins still (1904) remain. In 1307 a contention...
MENDEL – Name of a prominent Hungarian family which flourished in the latter half of the fifteenth century and in the first half of the sixteenth in Ofen (Buda). Members of three generations of it are known; namely, Jacob, Israel, and...
MENDEL, EMANUEL – German physician; born at Bunzlau, Silesia, Oct. 28, 1839; educated at the universities of Breslau, Vienna, and Berlin (M.D. 1860). In 1861 he took charge of a private insane asylum at Pankow, near Berlin. He served as surgeon...
MENDEL, HENRIETTE – Bavarian actress; born July 31, 1833; died at Munich Nov. 12, 1891. In early life she was noted for her beauty and histrionic talents. Having been created Baroness (Freifrau) of Wallersee in the peerage of Bavaria on May 19,...
MENDEL, HERMANN – Music publisher and writer; born at Halle Aug. 6, 1834; died at Berlin Oct. 26, 1876. He received his musical education at Halle, Leipsic, and Berlin. In 1853 he entered the Berlin music-publishing house of Schlesinger, and...
MENDELSBURG, LEON – Russian teacher and writer; born at Hodava, Russian Poland, 1819; died at Warsaw March, 1897. He studied Talmud at Tomashov, where Phinehas-Mendel Heilprin exercised a beneficial influence on his education. In 1850 Mendelsburg...
MENDELSOHN, JOSEPH – German author; born at Jever Sept. 10, 1817; died at Hamburg April 4, 1856. He was admitted at an early age to the Jewish free school at Hamburg, and in 1831 entered a printing establishment at Brunswick as an apprentice,...