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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ADLER, ELKAN NATHAN – Lawyer, and collector of Hebrew manuscripts; born at London, 1861; son of Chief Rabbi Nathan Adler. His early training was obtained successively in the City of London School and at University College, London. Mr. Adler spent...
ADLER, FELIX – Founder of the Society for Ethical Culture, educator, and author; second son of Rabbi Samuel Adler; was born at Alzey, Germany, Aug. 13, 1851. In 1857, when his father received a call to the ministry of Temple Emanu-El at New...
ADLER, GEORGE – German economist and author; born at Posen, May 28, 1863. His thesis for the doctor's degree (1883) was on Rodbertus-Jagetzow, the well-known Prussian state socialist. He is a remarkably prolific writer on economic and...
ADLER, GOTTLIEB – Austrian physicist and mathematician; born March 7, 1860; died Dec. 15, 1893, at Stecken, Bohemia. After receiving his early education at the gymnasium of Iglau, Moravia, being graduated in 1877, he entered the University of...
ADLER, GUIDO – Austrian writer on music; born at Eibenschütz, Moravia, Nov. 1, 1855. His father, Joachim, a physician, died in 1857, whereupon his mother removed to Iglau. He was educated in Vienna, where he studied music at the conservatory...
ADLER, HELENE – German teacher and writer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1849, in the same house in which Ludwig Börne was born, and which was the property of her father, who was one of the minor officers of the Jewish community of...
ADLER, HERMANN – Chief rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British empire; born in the city of Hanover, May, 1839; second son of Nathan Marcus Adler; educated at University College School and University College, London. He studied at...
ADLER, ISAAC – Son of Rabbi Samuel Adler, American physician and professor of clinical medicine in the New York Polyclinic Medical School and Hospital; born at Alzey, Germany, in 1849; emigrated to America in 1857. He was graduated from...
ADLER, JACOB – Judæo-German actor; born at Odessa, Russia, January 1, 1855. Influenced by a Jewish troupe which came from Rumania to Odessa in 1875, he resolved to devote himself to a theatrical career. He made his first appearance in 1878 at...
ADLER, KARL FRIEDRICH – Austrian jurist; born at Prague, Bohemia, March 31, 1865. He is the son of Moritz Adler, author of "Der Krieg, die Congressideen, und die Allgemeine Wehrpflicht" (1868). Karl Adler studied at the universities of Prague and...
ADLER, LAZARUS (LEVI) – German rabbi, of the period of transition; born at Unsleben, Bavaria, Nov. 10, 1810; died at Wiesbaden, Jan. 5, 1886. He studied Hebrew literature at an early age, and, under his father's tuition, read both the Bible and the...
ADLER, LIEBMANN – American rabbi; born at Lengsfeld, near Eisenach, Saxe-Weimar, Germany, January 9, 1812; died in Chicago, Ill., January 29, 1892. He was educated in Biblical and rabbinical literature by Isaac Hess, rabbi of Lengsfeld; and,under...
ADLER, MARCUS NATHAN – Born at Hanover, June 17, 1837; the eldest son of Chief Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler; conspicuous for his labors in connection with education; communal worker. He entered University College, London, whence he was graduated as...
ADLER, MICHAEL – English rabbi; born July 27, 1868. He was educated at Jews' Free School, Jews' College, and University College, London, and was graduated from the London University with the degree B.A. Adler was appointed minister of the...
ADLER, NATHAN – German cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, Dec. 16, 1741; died there Sept. 17, 1800. As a precocious child he won the admiration of Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai, who, in 1752, came to Frankfort to solicit contributions for...
ADLER, NATHAN MARCUS – Chief rabbi of the British empire; born in the city of Hanover, Germany, January 15, 1803; died at Brighton, England, on January 21, 1890. He was the third son of Marcus Baer Adler, chief rabbi of Hanover. He came from a Jewish...
ADLER, SAMUEL – German-American rabbi, Talmudist, and author; born at Worms, Germany, Dec. 3, 1809; died in New York, June 9, 1891. From his father, Isaac Adler, who had been one of the dayyanim, or associate rabbis, in Worms, young Adler...
ADLER, VICTOR – Austrian physician, journalist, and leader of the Austrian labor movement; born at Prague, June 24, 1852. Having been graduated as M. D., he settled in Vienna, where his professional practise brought him in contact with the...
ADMAH – A town named in the genealogical list of Canaan (Gen x. 19), whose king was Shinab (Gen. xiv. 2, 8). It was destroyed together with Sodom and Gomorrah. It is not mentioned in the narrative of the destruction of those two cities,...
ADMISSIONS IN EVIDENCE – The best evidence in Jewish law must be attested by at least two witnesses, and be of a disinterested and impartialcharacter; hence self-admission, or voluntary confession, is not good evidence, and is not admissible except in...
ADMON B. GADDAI – One of three police-court judges in Jerusalem mentioned in the Talmud—the others being Ḥanan b. Abishalom (Ḥanan the Egyptian) and Nahum the Median. Altogether there were nearly four hundred such judges in Jerusalem; but only...
ADMONI – See Rufus.
ADOI – Name of the father of Hananiah, a resh galuta (prince of the captivity), who flourished about 700. It is interesting as exhibiting the Persian form of a Semitic name, which is none other than the familiar Ida, or Ada (Adda),...
ADOLESCENTOLI, DEGLI – One of the four or five noble families which, according to legend, were transported by Titus (70-81) from Jerusalem to Rome. The history of this family, however, can only be traced to the fourteenth century. In the fifteenth...
ADOLPHUS, SIR JOHN – English lawyer, historical and political writer; born at London in 1768; died there July 16, 1845. His grandfather, a Jew of German extraction, was physician in ordinary to Frederick the Great of Prussia, and wrote a French...