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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ROTHENBURG – Early Mention. Town of Middle Franconia, Bavaria, situated on the Tauber, 41 miles west of Nuremberg. Jews must have been settled there as early as the beginning of the twelfth century, since a Jew of Rothenburg is mentioned in...
ROTHENBURG, ELIAKIM GOTTSCHALK – See Eliakim Gottschalk of Rothenburg.
ROTHENBURG, MOSES BEN MORDECAI SÜSSKIND – German rabbi; born about 1665; died at Altona Jan. 12, 1712. He was successively rabbi of Tykoczin, Brest-Litovsk, and Altona. In the last-mentioned town he at first shared the rabbinate with Ẓebi Hirsch Ashkenazi (Ḥakam Ẓebi);...
ROTHSCHILD – Celebrated family of financiers, the Fuggers of the nineteenth century, deriving its name from the sign of a red shield borne by the house No. 148 in the Judengasse of Frankfort-on-the-Main. This house is mentioned in the...
ROTHSCHILD, DAVID – German rabbi and author; born at Hamm, Westphalia, Nov. 16, 1816; died at Aachen Jan. 28, 1892. After completing his studies he became preacher in his native town. In 1850 he was called as rabbi to Aachen, and in 1862 to Alzey,...
ROTHSCHILD, MENAHEM MENDEL (BACHARACH, ASHKENAZI) – German rabbi; born in Frankfort-on-the-Main about 1650; died in Worms Oct., 1731. He was the grandson of Isaac, head of the Frankfort community and progenitor of the Rothschild family, and the son of Solomon, "Landesrabbiner" of...
ROTT (ROSENBERG), MORITZ – Austrian actor, nephew of the composer Ignaz Moseheles; born at Prague Sept. 17, 1797; died in Berlin 1860. He was the leading actor of his time, and was the favorite of the Prussian public and the king. He was destined by his...
ROUELLE – See Badge.
ROUEN – Ancient capital of Normandy, and now the administrative center of the department of Seine-Inférieure; situated on the right bank of the Seine. The settlement of Jews in the city dates in all probability from the Roman period....
ROUSSILLON – Province of ancient France, now forming the department of Pyrénées-Orientales. Jews settled there in the early part of the thirteenth century, and formed congregations at Perpignam, Collioure, Céret, Millas, Ille, Puigcerda,...
ROWE, LEO S. – American economist; born in McGregor, Iowa, Sept. 17, 1871. He entered the Arts Department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1887, but later transferred to the Department of Finance and Economy (Wharton School), and received...
RÓZSAVÖLGYI (ROSENTHAL), MARKUS – Hungarian composer; born at Balassa-Gyarmath 1787; died at Pesth Jan. 23, 1848. Having a native love for music, he went at the age of eleven to Vienna to study, and thence to Presburg and Prague. Attracted by the beauty of the...
RÓZSAY, JOSEPH – Hungarian physician; born at Lackenbach March 15, 1815; died at Budapest May 19, 1885. Educated at Nagy-Kanizsa, Szombathely, Pesth, and Vienna (M. D.), he began in 1843 to practise medicine at Pesth; and five years later the...
RUBIN, MARCUS – Danish statistician and author; born in Copenhagen March 5, 1854. He studied at the university of his native city (B.A. 1871), and then took up the study of national economy. In 1874 he passed the requisite examination and was...
RUBIN, SOLOMON – Galician Neo-Hebrew author; born in Dolina, Galicia, April 3, 1823. He was educated for the rabbinate, but, being attracted by Haskalah and modern learning, he entered upon a business career which lasted about five years. This...
RUBINSTEIN, ANTON GRIGORYEVICH – Russian pianist and composer; born Nov. 16 (28), 1829, in the village of Wechwotynetz (Vikhvatinetz), near Jassy, Bessarabia; died at Peterhof, near St. Petersburg, Nov. 20, 1894; brother of Nikolai (Nicholas) Rubinstein. His...
RUBINSTEIN, ISAAC – Austrian deputy; born at Czernowitz in 1805; died at Ischl Sept. 1, 1878. He was a member of the town council and vice-president of the Czernowitz chamber of commerce and industry, which he represented in the Austrian Reichsrath...
RUBINSTEIN, JOSEF – Russian pianist and composer; born at Staro-Constantinov Feb. 8, 1847; died by his own hand at Lucerne Sept. 15, 1884. He was a pupil of Hellmesberger, Dachs, and Liszt, and a friend and ardent admirer of Wagner, from whose...
RUBINSTEIN, NIKOLAI (NICHOLAS) – Russian pianist; born in Moscow June 2, 1835; died in Paris March 23, 1881; brother of Anton Rubinstein. He received his early instruction from his mother, by whom he and his brother were taken to Berlin in 1844. There he...
RUBINSTEIN, SUSANNA – Austrian psychologist; born at Czernowitz, Bukowina, Sept. 20, 1847. She was the daughter of an Austrian deputy. In 1870 she entered the University of Prague, and subsequently studied at Leipsic, Vienna, and Bern (Ph.D. 1874)....
RUBO, ERNST TRAUGOTT – German jurist; born at Berlin July 8, 1834; died there March, 1895. Educated at the University of Heidelberg (LL.D. 1857), he was admitted to the bar in 1859. In 1861 he was appointed judge in Berlin, and in 1862 became...
RUBO, JULIUS – German jurist; born at Halberstadt June 9, 1794; died at Berlin March 13, 1866. He attended the gymnasium in Halberstadt, and, after serving as a volunteer in the war with Napoleon, he studied jurisprudence at the universities...
RUEFF, JULES – French merchant and ship-owner; born at Paris Feb. 16, 1854. At an early age he turned his attention to colonial affairs and navigation. In 1872 he went to Indo-China, and became one of the pioneers of French influence in that...
RUFINA – Smyrna Jewess; lived about the third century of the common era. Her name has been perpetuated in a Smyrniot Greek inscription which is unusually important for a knowledge of the Jewish culture of the period. Translated, the text...
RUFUS – Roman general in the first century of the common era. In the battles after Herod's death the Romans were assisted against the Jews by the 3,000 "men of Sebaste," the flower of the royal army and a troop which afterward became...