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HERSCHEL, SIR WILLIAM – English astronomer; born at Hanover Nov. 15, 1738; died at Slough, near Windsor, England, Aug. 22, 1822. His Jewish descent is acknowledged by his biographer, Holden, and it is also indicated by the fact that his grandfather was...
HERSCHELL, LORD FARRER – Lord Chancellor of England; born 1837; died March 1, 1899. His father was the Rev. Ridley H. Herschell. He was educated at University College, London, and at the University of Bonn, and took his degree at London University in...
HERSCHELL, RIDLEY HAIM – Missionary to the Jews; born at Strzelno, Prussian Poland, April 7, 1807; died at Brighton, England, April 14, 1864. The son of Jewish parents, he was educated at Berlin University (1822), and was baptized in England by the...
HERSCHELL, SOLOMON – Chief rabbi of the Ashkenazim in England; born in London 1762, during the rabbinate of his father, R. Hirsch Levin; died there Oct. 31, 1842. His family could boast a long genealogy of learned men, including R. Meïr of Padua....
HERTZ, HENRIK – Danish poet; born Aug. 25, 1798, at Copenhagen; died there Feb. 25, 1870. He studied law at the University of Copenhagen, but, soon renouncing it, he devoted himself to literature. In 1832 he embraced Christianity. His first...
HERTZ, JOSEPH HERMAN – American rabbi; born at Rebrin, Zemplén Comitat, Hungary, Sept. 25, 1872; educated at the College of the City of New York, at Columbia University (Ph.D.), and at the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York. On June 15, 1894, he...
HERTZBERG, JOSEPH – Russian author; born in Moghilef, on the Dniester, at the beginning of the nineteenth century; died there 1870. He received a sound education, and mastered the German, French, and English, besides the Russian, languages. He...
HERTZKA, THEODOR – Austrian economist and journalist; born July 13, 1845, at Budapest. He studied at the universities of Vienna and Budapest, and in 1872 became a member of the editorialstaff of the "Neue Freie Presse" of Vienna. In 1879 he...
HERTZVELD, ESTELLA DOROTHEA SALOMEA – Dutch poetess; born at The Hague July 14, 1837; died at Arnhem Nov. 4, 1881; granddaughter of Chief Rabbi H. J. Hertzveld of Zwolle. The Dutch poet Wilhuys had great influence on her poetical education, and through him her first...
HERTZVELD, HARTOG – Dutch rabbi; born at Glockau Nov. 19, 1781; died at Zwolle Jan. 30, 1864. He was the son of the rabbi of Königsberg, and went as a young man to Amsterdam, where he was educated by Rabbi Löwenstamm, whose daughter he married in...
HERXHEIMER, SALOMON – German rabbi; born Feb. 6, 1801, at Dotzheim, near Wiesbaden; died Dec. 25, 1884, at Berenberg. At the age of thirteen he began his theological studies at Mayence, in the yeshibah of Rabbi Herz Scheyer, applying himself...
HERZ, CORNELIUS – French electrician; born in Besançon 1848; died in Bournemouth, England, July 6, 1898. Herz's parents were Germans who had emigrated to France. He went through the Besançon schools, studied medicine in Germany, and settled in...
HERZ, ELISE, VON LÄMEL – Austrian philanthropist; born at Prague Dec. 20, 1788; died at Vienna July 25, 1868. Her home in Prague was an intellectual center. On the death of her husband in 1850 she went to Vienna, where she became an honorary member of...
HERZ, HENRI – Austrian pianist; born at Vienna Jan. 6, 1806; died at Paris Jan. 5, 1888. He commenced his studies at Coblenz under the guidance of his father, and later studied there with Hünten. In 1816 he entered the Conservatoire at Paris,...
HERZ, HENRIETTE – German leader of society; born in Berlin Sept. 5, 1764; died there Oct. 22, 1847. From her father, De Lemos, a physician, descended from a Portuguese Jewish family of Hamburg, she inherited intellectual ability; from her mother,...
HERZ, JACOB – German physician; born at Bayreuth Feb. 2, 1816; died at Erlangen Sept. 27, 1871; educated at the gymnasium of Bayreuth and the University of Erlangen (M.D. 1839). Establishing himself as physician in Erlangen, he became in 1841...
HERZ, JACQUES-SIMON – Pianist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 31, 1794; died at Nice Jan. 27, 1880. He went to Paris when a child, and in 1807 was admitted to the Conservatoire, where he studied piano under Pradher. Herz became a distinguished...
HERZ, MARKUS – German physician and lecturer on philosophy; born June 17, 1747, at Berlin; died there Jan. 19, 1803. The son of very poor parents, he was destined for a mercantile career, and in 1762 went to Königsberg, East Prussia. He soon...
HERZ-MEDELSHEIM – See Cerfbeer, Herz, of Medelsheim.
HERZBERG-FRÄNKEL, LEO – Austrian writer; born at Brody, Galicia, Sept. 19, 1827. At the age of seventeen he went for a year to Bessarabia, and on his return published "Bilder aus Russland und Bessarabien," and made contributions to Wertheimer's...
HERZBERG-FRÄNKEL, SIGMUND – Austrian historian; born at Brody, Galicia, March 7, 1857; son of Leo Herzberg-Fränkel. He studied law at the University of Vienna (from 1874). and, later, history at Leipsic, Berlin, and Vienna (Ph.D.1880). He continued his...
HERZENSTEIN, GRIGORI MARKOVICH – Russian physician; born in St. Petersburg 1851; died there 1899. He graduated from the St. Petersburg Medico-Surgical Academy in 1874 and from 1887 was an adjunct professor there of medical geography and statistics. His main and...
HERZENSTEIN, SOLOMON MARKOVICH – Russian zoologist; born 1854; died 1894; graduated in natural sciences and mathematics from the St. Petersburg University; appointed in 1880 custodian of the zoological museum of the Imperial Academy of Science. He was...
HERZFELD, ADOLF – German actor; born April 9, 1800, at Hamburg; died at Vienna March 24, 1874; son of Jacob Herzfeld. He made his début in Hamburg in 1821, where he played until 1829, when he was engaged for the Burgtheater, Vienna. There he...
HERZFELD, ALBRECHT – Austrian actor; born June 7, 1840, at Vienna; son of Adolf Herzfeld. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native town, and entered a wholesale business house there as an apprentice. But, like his father, he soon...