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BENJAMIN B. SAMUEL OF COUTANCES – Talmudist and French liturgical poet of the first half of the eleventh century. The name of the place of his residence, Coutances (department of the Manche, Normandy), was formerly Coustances, in Hebrew ; and Grätz ("Gesch. der...
BENJAMIN THE SHEPHERD – A shepherd who lived in Babylonia at the beginning of the third century. The Talmud has transmitted the formula of a blessing of which he was the author. Benjamin, who possessed no knowledge of Hebrew, and was therefore unable...
BENJAMIN, SIMEON – English Hebrew grammarian, who published in 1773 at London "Da'at Ḳedoshim" (Knowledge of the Holy), a short Hebrew grammar. It deserves attention as one of the earliest works composed by an Ashkenazi in England.Bibliography:...
BENJAMIN OF TIBERIAS – A rich Jew who, when the emperor Heraclius in 628 went to Jerusalem during the Persian war, was accused of hostility toward the Christians. This accusation probably implied that he sided with the Persians. Notwithstanding this...
BENJAMIN OF TUDELA – A celebrated traveler of the twelfth century. Beyond his journey, no facts of his life are known. In the preface to his itinerary, entitled "Massa'ot shel Rabbi Binyamin" (Travels of Rabbi Benjamin), the information is furnished...
BENJAMIN, WILLIAM – English pugilist; born at Northleach, Gloucestershire, England, in 1826. Benjamin's first match was with Tom Sayers, the champion of England from 1857 to 1860, for £200 a side, the battle taking place on the Isle of Grain, in...
BENJAMIN WOLF B. AARON – See Spiro.
BENJAMIN, WOLF B. DANIEL – Rabbi in Chomsk, government of Grodno, Russia. He published "Naḥlat Binyamin" (Benjamin's Inheritance), festival sermons and a homiletic commentary on the Passover Haggadah (Cracow, 1642).Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
BENJAMIN WOLF ELEAZAR – See Löw, Benjamin Wolf.
BENJAMIN WOLF BEN ISAAC LEVI – Cabalist; lived at Leitmeritz, Bohemia, in the middle of the seventeenth century. He is the author of a work, "Amarot Tehorot" (Pure Words), explaining the difficult words of the Zohar, published by his son Saul, Lublin, 1745....
BENJAMIN WOLF RAPOPORT – See Rapoport, Benjamin Wolf.
BENJAMIN WOLF BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Judæo-German writer; lived in the eighteenth century in Germany. He was the author of "Sefer ha-Ḥesheḳ" (Book of Desire), a Judæo-German collection of medical prescriptions (Hanau, 1726). Compare Naphtali Ha-Kohen; Joel...
BENJAMIN YERUSHALMI – Exile from Jerusalem who lived at Bordeaux; said to have been one of the authors of Wehu Raḥum, recited in the morning prayers on Mondays and Thursdays.Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 17; Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 75.K....
BENJAMIN HA-ZẠDDIḲ – A philanthropist of the tannaitic period. According to a Baraita, he was manager of certain charitable funds. Once there appeared before him a woman begging alms, but Benjamin protested that the treasury was exhausted. The poor,...
BENJAMIN ZE'EB B. SAMUEL ROMANER – See Romaner, Benjamin Ze'eb B. Samuel.
BENJAMIN ZE'EB OF SLONIM – Russian Talmudist; lived at the end of the eighteenth century; reputed pupil of Elijah b. Solomon of Wilna, and of the latter's pupil, Ḥayyim b. Isaac of Volozhin. He wrote a number of letters, published under the title "Maẓref...
BENJAMIN ZE'EB WOLF BEN SHABBETHAI – Dayyan at Pinczow in the latter half of the seventeenth and at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He edited the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, with notes that are a digest of the works of the rabbinical authorities of the...
BENJAMIN BEN ZERAḤ – Payyeṭan; lived in southeastern Europe in the middle of the eleventh century. He is called by the later payyeṭanim "the Great," and also "Ba'al Shem" (Master of the Name), on account of the numerous names of God and angels used...
BENLOEW, LOUIS – French philologist; born at Erfurt Nov. 15, 1818; died at Dijon February, 1900. He studied at the universities of Berlin, Leipsic, and Göttingen, and went to France in 1841, where he taught modern languages at Nantes and Bourges...
BENMOHEL, NATHAN LAZARUS – The first conforming Jew obtaining a degree in a British university; born at Hamburg about 1800; died in 1869. He settled in Dublin in 1829 as teacher of languages; entered the university after a course of private study in 1832;...
BENNETT, HENRY – Sergeant in the British army; born in England 1863; killed in action during the war with the Afridis, November, 1897. He was a grandson of Solomon Bennett, the engraver, who translated the Hebrew Bible into English in 1841....
BENNETT, SOLOMON – English theologian and engraver; born in Russia before 1780; died after 1841. He wrote a considerable number of works on Biblical topics, among them "The Consistency of Israel," 1812; "Discourses on Sacrifice," 1815; "The Temple...
BENOLIEL, JOSEPH – Portuguese translator; lived at Lisbon. He wrote the small book, "Porat Yosef" (Joseph's Fruitful Bough; see Gen. xlix. 22), containing Spanish translations of the sayings of the Fathers, the Pesaḥ-Haggadah, the Song of Solomon,...
BENOLIEL, DON JUDAH – Moroccan and Austrian consul at Gibraltar; president of the Jewish community there, and of the chamber of commerce; died in 1839. When Sardinia sent a fleet against Morocco, Benoliel was enabled, in his consular capacity, to...
BENSCHEN – A Judæo-German word meaning either to say a blessing or to bless a person. It is derived from the Latin "benedicere"; German "benedeien"; old Spanish "beneicer"; Portuguese "benzer"; Provençal "benesir," "beneir"; French...