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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BARNATO, BARNETT ISAACS – English "diamond king," promoter, and speculator; born in London July 5, 1852; committed suicide by jumping from the deck of the steamship "Scot," June 14, 1897. His father, Isaac Isaacs, was a small general dealer with a...
BARNAVE, ANTOINE PIERRE JOSEPH MARIE – French politician; member of the Assemblie Nationale; born at Grenoble in Dauphiny Oct. 22, 1761; guillotined in Paris Nov. 29, 1793. He was of a Protestant family. Barnave received his education in the law at home; and at the...
BARNAY, LUDWIG – German actor; born at Budapest, Hungary, Feb. 12, 1842. He was the son of the secretary of the Jewish congregation at that place. Barnay was destined for the building trade, but induced his father to send him to Vienna to study...
BARNETT, ARYEH LOEB – Dayyan in London; locally known as "Rabbi Aryeh Loeb"; born at Krotoschin, in the grand duchy of Posen, in 1797; died in London Feb. 10, 1878. For many years his father had been head of the "bet din" of his native place; and he...
BARNETT, JACOB – Hebrew teacher at Oxford about 1613. He gave instruction to the students, under the direction of Richard Killye, regiusprofessor of Hebrew. When Isaac Casaubon visited the university in 1613, he was much struck by Barnett's...
BARNETT, JOHN – English composer; born at Bedford, England, July 1, 1802; died at Cheltenham April 17, 1890. He made his début as a singer at the Lyceum in 1813, when only eleven years of age; but two years later the breaking of his voice led...
BARNETT, JOHN FRANCIS – English musician; born at London Oct. 16, 1837; nephew of John Barnett. He was a pianoforte pupil of Dr. Wylde, and in 1850, and again in 1852, received the queen's scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music. In 1853 he made his...
BARNETT, LIONEL D. – English author; born at Liverpool 1871, educated at the High School, Liverpool, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he had a phenomenally successful career in the classical tripos, showing particular eminence in Greek, taking...
BARNETT, MORRIS – Dramatist and actor; born in 1800; died at Montreal March 18, 1856. He was originally trained for the musical profession, but decided to become an actor. After a provincial tour he appeared in 1833 at Drury Lane Theater, London,...
BARON, HENRY – French painter; born at Besançon in 1816; died at Geneva in 1885. He was one of the foremost representatives of the historic genre in France, and depicted chiefly the lighter side of the social life of the Renaissance and of the...
BARON DE HIRSCH FUND – See Hirsch Fund, Baron de.
BARON, JONAS – Hungarian physician, surgeon, and lecturer on surgery at the University of Budapest, Hungary; born at Gyöngyös Nov. 23, 1845; educated at Budapest. His father was secretary of the Jewish community in Gyöngyös. In 1870 Báron...
BARREN, BARRENNESS – The Hebrew word for "barren"— ('akar); feminine, ('aḳarah)—denotes probably "uprooted," in the sense of being torn away from the family stock, and left to wither without progeny or successors. A similar import attaches to the...
BARRIENTOS, ISAAC – Author; otherwise unknown, but certainly not the same as Daniel Levi de Barrios; is the author of "Theologia Natural Contra los Atheos, Epicureos, y Sectarios del Tiempo," The Hague, 1725.Bibliography: Kayserling, Biblioteca...
BARRIOS, DANIEL LEVI (MIGUEL) DE – Emigrates to the West Indies. Spanish poet and historian; born 1625 at Montilla, Spain; died Feb., 1701, at Amsterdam. He was the son of a Marano, Simon de Barrios—who also called himself Jacob Levi Caniso—and Sarah Valle. His...
BARRIOS, SIMON LEVI DE – Son of Daniel Levi de Barrios; born March 17, 1665, at Amsterdam; died May 16, 1688, at Barbados. Member of Eẓ Ḥayyim and of several poetical academies of Amsterdam.Bibliography: Kayserling, Biblioteca Españ.-Portug.-Jud. p. 26;...
BARROCAS, MORDECAI – A Marano, physician, and poet. In Holland, at an advanced age, he openly returned to Judaism about the year 1605; and in celebration of his initiation he composed some tercets in Spanish. Tamar Barrocas, a Marano-Jewess,...
BARRUCHIUS (BARUCH?), VALENTINUS – Spanish poet; lived probably in the twelfth century. He is said to have been a native of Toledo. He wrote in clear and ornate Latin the history of the Count Lyonnais (Palanus)—an old romantic legend recounted by early Catalonian...
BARSIMSON, JACOB – One of the earliest Jewish settlers at New Amsterdam (New York). He arrived at that port on the ship "Pear Tree" July 8, 1654, it is believed from Holland, which country he seems to have left in company with a coreligionist...
BARTENORA – See Bertinoro, Obadiah ben Abraham.
BARTER – The exchange of things of value, none of them being money. Barter is distinguished from a sale, where one of the things is money. As trading must have existed long before even the rudest kind of money was invented, Barter must...
BARTH, JACOB – German professor of exegesis, religious philosophy, and Semitic languages; born at Flehingen, Baden, 1851. He studied Orientalia at Leipsic under Fleischer, and at Strasburg under Nöldeke, and later at Berlin University, where...
BARTHOLDY, JACOB SALOMON – Prussian diplomat and art patron; uncle of the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; born May 13, 1779, in Berlin; died in the Protestant faith July 27, 1825, in Rome. He was of a prosperous Jewish family, and received a careful...
BARTHOLOMAION – See Ben Temalion.
BARTHOLOMEW – One of the apostles; mentioned only in Matt. x. 3; Mark iii. 18; Luke vi. 14; Acts i. 13. Some writers identify him with the Nathanael of John i. 45 et seq., xxi. 2, but on insufficient grounds. He is mentioned by Eusebius...